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azyeoman

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    The Grand Canyon State
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    Historical Research

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  1. I recently came across another lonely BWM, sadly without its suspension officially named to 3141 Pte. S. J. Stansbey. 21-London R. A PoW, captured in Hong Kong and buried in Stanley Cemetery. Having visited the cemetery a few times, it is an important part of the collection. If anyone knows of the whereabouts of Stansbey's Victory Medal, please contact me. Sydney John Cleave Stanesby was born ca. 1894/5 in Wandsworth, London. In the 1911 census, he lived at 6 Quarry Rd., Wandsworth Common SW. He was 16 at the time, single and a clerk. His father was Sydney Ernest (45); mother Gertrude Marie Wyld (40) and he had three siblings, Charles Owen (14), Dora Gertrude Sal (6) and Harold Cecil (4). In WWI, Stanesby served was a private in the 21 London Regt. as indicated on his BWM, but later in the Essex Regiment. He was awarded a WWI pair for his service. His family must have immigrated to Australia as records indicate his next of kin, parents and wife, Mary Stanesby, were located in Avalon Beach, New South Wales, Australia. Stanesby obviously worked in Hong Kong as he was a private in the Hong Kong Volunteer Defence Corps. His service number was 19559. He was captured in the Battle of Hong Kong on the 19 December, 1941 and was in one of the PoW camps in the area. He died on Thursday, 14 May 1942 while in captivity at age 48 and is buried in grave 1.A.73 in Stanley Military Cemetery. The inscription on his headstone is, "His duty fearlessly and nobly done. Ever remembered" . In the last photo (with the brownish grass) his grave is located in the first row and to the left of the cross. Hong Kong fell to the Japanese on Christmas Day 1941 following a brief but intense period of fighting. During the Japanese occupation, Stanley jail and village were used as a prisoner of war and civilian internment camp and the cemetery, which had not been used for more than 70 years, was reopened for burials from the camp. After the war, the cemetery was extended on its northern side when graves were brought in from civilian burial grounds and isolated sites in the surrounding country. Although the cemetery as a whole is laid out and maintained as a military cemetery, in the older part, service graves and the graves of civilian internees who died during the Japanese occupation are intermingled. A number of the graves in this part of the cemetery are still marked by the original headstones erected by the prisoners of war, who collected the granite from the 19th century fortifications and carved the inscriptions themselves. Nearly all casualties of the local defence forces, chiefly the Hong Kong Volunteer Defence Force and the British Army Aid Group, are buried in this cemetery. The British Army Aid Group was a military establishment which came into being early in 1942 to encourage and facilitate escapes, to assist escapees and to get information and medical supplies into the camps. Attached to the establishment was a large staff of civilian employees operating in an extensive area of enemy held territory and the group gradually developed into an organisation for the collection of intelligence of military value and later into an escape and evasion organisation for the American Air Force. There are now 598 Commonwealth servicemen of the Second World War buried or commemorated in this cemetery. 175 of the burials are unidentified, but a number of special memorials commemorate casualties known to be buried among them. The names of the 96 civilian internees buried in this cemetery are recorded in volume 7 of the Civilian War Dead Roll of Honour. The cemetery also contains the new Hong Kong Memorial, which commemorates, by name, Chinese casualties of the two world wars who have no known grave. There are also three special memorials to First World War casualties buried in cemeteries in Kowloon and Hong Kong, whose graves have since been lost.
  2. Great News. The reunited trio of 930 Pte. M. Whitaker. (See above for more info on Whitaker and his Cape of Good Hope Medal). 930 Pte. M Whitaker served with the Cape Police District 1 and received his Cape of Good Hope medal to him as a private, but his KSA as a corporal. He was captured and held as a PoW and later released on 6 June 1900 at Waterval.
  3. I recently came across a lonely BWM that is missing its partner Victory Medal. It is officially named to: Lieut. R.E. White RAF. Please contact if you know the whereabouts of Lt. White's Victory Medal. At first, it may not seem like anything special, but... Roger Eldridge White was an American Volunteer in the RAF and was shot down and captured on 17/7/1918 while flying with 19 Squadron. He was a PoW at Karlsruhe until until liberated and finally repatriated on 5/12/1918. There were not many Americans flying in the RAF and very few if any others who were PoWs. This is a rare medal. Roger Eldridge White, was born on 29 March 1895. He lived at 34 Somerset Avenue, Lassington, Massachusetts, USA. His mother, Mrs. G. R. White, was listed as his next of kin. He was a law student at North Eastern College in Boston, MA from 1915 to 1917. He is listed on the General List of 12/12/1917 as a Temporary 2nd Lt. in the RAF. He was qualified on: Curtis, Avro, Sopwith Pup and Dolphin. He served with 96 Sqd., 90 Sqd. and was flying with 19 Squadron when shot down on 17/7/1918. He was transferred to the unemployed list on 25/7/1919. His postwar address on 11/4/1928 was 31 Couch Street; Tauton, Massachusetts, USA No. 19 Squadron of the Royal Flying Corps was founded on 1 September 1915 training on a variety of aircraft before being deployed to France in July 1916 flying Royal Aircraft Factory B.E. 12 and re-equipping with the more suitable French-built SPAD S.VIIs. From November 1917, the squadron started to receive Sopwith Dolphins to replace its Spads, it being fully equipped with the Dolphin during January 1918, flying its first operational patrol with the new fighter on 3 February. In 1918, the squadron was re-equipped with Sopwith Dolphins, flying escort duties. By the end of the war, 19 Squadron had had a score of flying aces among its ranks. At least one other of 19 Sqd. fliers, a Canadian, George Robert Long, was captured on 6 October 1917 in the Lille area and spent the rest of the war in a number of POW camps, including Holzminden POW camp. It was his very first flight, in a Spad VII, B3508. He was shot down by Gefr. J. Funk, flying with Ja30. He had first been a member of the C.E.F. in the infantry and was wounded a number of times. He wasn't repatriated until 14 December 1918, to return home to Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.
  4. Haven't added much, but now have some new Franco-Prussian War groups that I'll add.
  5. Excellent research. Thank you for posting; it's interesting.
  6. Congrats on a wonderful acquisition. I look forward to reading more on what the units did.
  7. A rare Canadian trio and memorial cross to one of 300 of 3,847 WWI Canadian PoWs who died in captivity. Canadian 1914-’15 trio officially named to 16777 Pte. H. R. Hickling, 7 Can Inf. The 1914-15 Star impressed: 16777 Pte H.R. HICKLING. 7/CAN:INF: The BWM and Victory impressed: 16777 PTE. H.R. HICKLING. 7-CAN. INF. The Canadian Memorial Cross is correctly engraved: 16777 PTE. H.R. HICKLING Horace Reginald Hickling was born on 6 March 1884 in Brockmore, Staffordshire, England. When he enlisted in the CEF at Valcartier (approx 25 km north of Quebec) on 25 Sep 1914 he was 30 years old and a piano salesman by trade. He gave his next of kin as his wife in Melton Mowbray, England. He died on 04 May 1915 while a PoW. During WWI 132 Canadian officers and 3,715 Canadian other ranks were taken prisoner. The majority of soldiers were captured in battle by German forces on the Western Front. Around 1,400, Canadians were captured following the first major engagement of the Canadian Expeditionary Force in the Second Battle of Ypres in Belgium in April 1915 when the 1st Canadian Division first encountered chlorine gas released by the Germans. The 3rd Canadian Division also suffered a large number of prisoners at Mount Sorrel in June 1916 with over 500 men were captured in one day. Boredom, anxiety over the fate of friends and comrades was the greatest problems for Allied prisoners held captive in Germany. The stress of not knowing when the war would end and how many years of captivity lay ahead was also a major factor. Yet, most PoWs in Germany were treated in accordance with the revised Hague Convention of 1907. Nevertheless, there were many complaints that the “spirit” of the convention was not observed because prisoners were sometimes treated unfairly and inhumanely. By 1918, the PoWs’ diets suffered, because of the food shortages in Germany. By the war’s 300 Canadian soldiers had died in captivity along the western front. For more information see: https://cdnhistorybits.wordpress.com/2017/03/14/canadian-pows-ww1/
  8. As I understand it, the general consensus is the if the number has a three as one of the digits, then it should be a flat or straight-across at the top three and NOT a rounded three like this 3. I have made sure that any bronze BWMs to the CLC that I've had, have always had a flat three. They are "traceable" and the above mentioned book is excellent. I've not come across fake bronze BWMs for other LCs, but they may be out there. They are a fascinating medal to collect and the ones from Aden and Egypt are rare.
  9. Meritorious Service Medal, GVI, Captain & Quartermaster James Acheson, MBE, R.A.S.C. Officially impressed: “T/7978 W.O. CL. 1. J. Acheson. R.A.S.C.” James Acheson was born in Aldershot on 10 January 1873. The son of Ann & Samuel Acheson, a City Policeman. By the age of 18, on the 1891 Census he is listed as a Driver with 29 Company, A.S.C. in Chelsea London. He went to South Africa to serve in the Boer War with 29 Company, A.S.C. as Sergeant with the service number 7978. During the war he was taken as a prisoner of war on 18 February 1900 at Waterval Drift. He was later released on 6 June 1900. Following his release he joined 36th Company A.S.C. from June 1900 to August 1900, before joining 37th Company for the rest of the war. His service earned him the Q.S.A. with 2 bars for Cape Colony and Transvaal with a 2 bar K.S.A. medal/ Shortly after returning home he married Lillian Wardell at the Church of St Michael Walton in York, he was now Company Sergeant Major. In Army Order 240 of October 1906, Staff Sergeant J. Acheson was awarded the Army Long Service & Good Conduct Medal. As WW1 broke out, the London Gazette of 11 August 1914 lists First Class Sergeant Major James Acheson, 41 years old, to be commissioned as Quartermaster with the honorary rank of Lieutenant from 12 August 1914. The London Gazette of 19 September 1917 lists his promotion to Honorary Captain as of 1 July 1917. He did not serve abroad during the war, staying at home to train the soldiers, the Army List of July 1915, lists him as Quartermaster of the Army Service Corps Training Establishment at Aldershot. He continued his service after the war returning from Malta in 1926 for his final posting at Bulford. His last army list entry was in January 1928, he retired shortly afterwards aged 55. Although he did not earn any campaign medals for WW1, he was appointed as Member of the Order of the British Empire, announced in the London Gazette of 3rd June 1919. Many years after his retirement in the Army Orders of December 1952, aged 79, he was awarded the Meritorious Service Medal. He died soon after on 5 August 1956 at the age of 82 living in Salisbury Missing MBE (Type I), QSA (Wittebergen, Trans, CC); KSA (01 & 02) and EDVII LSGC Sold; Lot 151 Dreweatts Auction Bristol on 23 August 2011 Please contact me if known as I’d like to reunite the group. Description: An M.B.E. `Boer War` Group of Four to Company Sergeant Major J. Acheson, Army Service Corps, The Most Excellent Order of the British Empire M.B.E. badge in frosted silver, Queen`s South Africa Medal, three clasps Wittebergen, Transvaal, Cape Colony (7978 Sgt,. J. Acheson. A.S.C.) King`s South Africa, two clasps South Africa 1901 South Africa 1902, (7978 C.S. Major. J. Acheson. A.S.C.) Long Service and Good Conduct Medal EDVII (7978 St. Sjt. Mjr. J. Acheson. A.S.C.), mounted for wearing with related paperwork.
  10. Thanks very much Mark, and welcome to GMIC. It's an excellent forum and a great place to learn so much about historical and contemporary issues.
  11. It appears to be a long service and good conduct/merit medal for around 30 years. Pretty special to the recipient...
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