Midalit Al-Khidmat Al-?Alamat / The General Service Medal
Originally intended to serve as a multi-purpose Omani general service medal (along British lines), for service of at least six weeks with a unit of at least company size, the medal has to date only been awarded with one clasp, for the Dhofar Rebellion. Despite apparent discussion to that effect, other clasps have not been instituted, based on the principle that active service is part of the normal duty of Omani armed forces personnel. There is, for example, some suggestion that a clasp was contemplated for the Second Gulf War.
Awarded for suppression of the Dhofar rebellion led by the Dhofar Liberation Organization (created 1964) and the Popular Front for the Liberation of Oman and the Arab Gulf (PFLOAG, created 1964), later (in 1974) merged and renamed as the Popular Front for the Liberation of Oman (PFLO); these groups received assistance from the People?s Democratic Republic of Yemen (PDRY or South Yemen).
The Dohfar clasp was awarded for fourteen days of consecutive service, thirty days of visits, or service abnormally terminated by wounds between 23 May 1965 and 20 June 1976 in those areas of the Dhofar Province and adjacent waters lying between longitude 52?00? and 56?30? E and latitude 16?30? and 18?00? N. Armed suppression assistance came to the Omani government from Iran, Jordan, and the United Kingdon and financial support came from India, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, and the Trucial States (later, the United Arab Emirates).
About 1971, the obverse of the medal was redesigned with the name and title of Sultan Qaboos.
The die for the medal, with legends altered and the clasp omitted, was used (at short notice) for the Accession Medal of Sultan Qaboos in 1970.Established:
Struck by Spink & Son (London, England).Obverse:
Circular, gilt, Omani coat of arms in the center. Inscription in Arabic above and, below; as these inscriptions differ for the various issues of the medal, for Sultan Said and for Sultan Qabus. The medal is suspended from a straight-bar suspender. The clasp bears the name of the campaign in Arabic, ?Dhofar?; so far, only this single clasp seems to have been issued to this medal.Reverse:
Mountains above laurel branches, Arabic inscription above.
Ribbon: Equal of red, off-white, and green. The original ribbon design was intended to represent the three regiments of the Omani army: the Muscat Regiment (red), the Northern Frontier Regiment (green), and the Desert Regiment (sand), but there is also the interpretation that the colors represented blood, sand, and the green of the Jebel Akhdar region. When the ribbons were finally made, the sand-colored stripe came out very light, appearing ? ironically and embarassingly ? as if the ribbon represented the red-white-green colors of the opposing Dhofar Liberation Front. After Sultan Qaboos? accession to power, these colors were those used in the new Omani flag, so the embarsassment that ahd existed before was diminished. The ribbon of the Sultan Said medal may be seen carrying a bronze (or silver?) khanjar device or a bronze palm leaf representing bravery in battle.Awards:
The medal was also awarded to Iranian and Jordanian troops who served in this campaign; this came in addition to their own national awards. British troops were not allowed to receive both this medal and their own Campaign Service Medal 1962 with ?Dhofar? clasp; many British officers on long-term loan to Oman did, however, opt for the Omani medal.