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Old Contemptible
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About Spasm

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    Hardest Rock this side of Mars
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    Now living in Bristol with a mate.

    Apparently I draw a bit - other people have told me I do, so there.

    Have tunnelled through most parts of the UK and still haven't made it out.

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  1. Martin Don't bother, these are relatively cheap so wait and get a good matching numbers pair. They are fairly easily obtained from most dealers or shows. Steve
  2. An incredible collection of artwork.  Very talented.  Couldn't just comment the same thing on the many works you have done.  Quite the repertoire in your skill.   All the best from Alaska.



  3. Gents, thank you very much. Just shows how a bit of research can bring a great big piece of history to light. I'm looking forward to see if his relatives can shed some more light on him.
  4. Why does the painted portrait, as seen at the bottom of post #4, show a medal bar with awards not listed? Thanks muckaroon
  5. Martin Don't know much about these M1 shells, and absolutely hardly anything about the liners. The shell batch number looks good to be WW2, up into the 1000s is post war on McCord, has it got a rolled elongated S under the elongated number? Then it's Schlutler and defo WW2. Caused by the stamp on the metal batch before rolling/pressing. Chin strap is stitched on rather than clip, front seam, stainless rim, yep. Are there stress fractures around the back? then yes, more so. Sorry, don't really know anything about the doibys, liner. I think some are date stamped in the crown. There's a whole thing around the colour of the straps and 'A' hangers that I don't know but must be worth a look on Mr Google Overall the paint looks to be corked rather than sanded but also looks too light and unworn for it's age, but not all of em went to war, which would also be why the liner strap is in pretty good nick. The dent would come out pretty easy, just like that loose pin in the other one. By the way, I tried that painted Harley tank on my 1964 Bonnie being built. Harley/Triumph that'll be a Humph then. Steve
  6. During the completion of this, I found a contact for some of John's family while searching the internet. Lots of people do the ancestry thing these days. I've been in touch and have sent them a copy of the above.
  7. 17 July 1944 Almost all the men of the Cabanatuam Camps, about 1600, are lined up along Pier No.7 in Manila harbour. They board the 6,527 ton rusting cargo ship “Nissyo Maru”. One of the infamous “Hell Ships” used to transport slave labour to Japan to help the war effort. During WW2 some 50,000 POWs boarded Japanese ‘Hell ships’. 21,000 didn’t survive the journey. The POWs are packed into the holds, at around 9pm a few large buckets of rice were lowered down. Men too weak didn’t eat, mouths too dry due to no water all day couldn’t swallow the rice. Most of the men have dysentery but have no where to go other than where they sit. No one gets any sleep the first night. The next morning the ship leaves dock and anchors out in Manila bay to await other elements of the convoy. It waits for a whole week with the men locked in the holds. The men are allowed their first water 30 Hours after boarding. Despite temperatures topping 120 degrees in the holds throughout the journey the men were issued with no more than 1 pint each per day. Some of the men drank their own urine. 24 July 1944 Other elements of Convoy HI68 arrive, 21 ships in all, head North towards Formosa. 25 July 1944 Submarine U.S.S. Angler spots the convoy at dawn and flashes word to her sister submarines U.S.S. Crevalle and U.S.S. Flasher. At 12.22pm U.S.S. Crevalle fires 4 stern torpedoes at the Aki Maru and Tosan Maru. All 4 miss. The Japanese are now aware of their enemy and start dropping depth charges. After dark U.S.S. Flasher regains contact with the convoy and fires 6 torpedoes at the same two freighters. The watch on the Aki Maru see the trails and the ship turns hard to port, only to be hit in the bow. Behind the Aki, Tosan Maru is hit twice. The alarm on the Nisso Maru wakes the POWs locked in the holds. Navy men recognise the sound of depth charges, torpedoes are heard running under the ship. Two of them hit the tanker Otoriyama Maru which explodes and sinks in minutes. Men on the Nissyo Maru remember hearing the boiling hiss as the burning tanker slipped under the sea. 26 July 1944 The submarines disengage as their torpedoes were almost exhausted. They had no idea how close they had come to killing 1600 of their own countrymen. 27 July 1944 Dock at Takao, Formosa at 1pm. Convoy is reorganised and more ships join up. 3 August 1944 Convoy HI68 arrives at Moji on the Island of Kyushu, Japan. The official death toll while on board ship is 12. POWs are loaded into train boxcars and travel onto their camps. The train travels from Moji through Hiroshima, Osaka, Nagoya and on through Tokyo. John is disembarked at Nagoya. 6 August 1944 John arrives, along with 193 other Americans at Osaka No.7 Branch Camp. Kamioka. Allocated to the “2nd American Company POWs”. Kamioka Camp - established as Osaka POW Camp Kamioka Branch Camp, then renamed Osaka No.7 Branch Camp in February 1943 and finally in April 1945 as Nagoya No.1 Branch Camp. In all there were 594 POWs, (320 Americans, 269 Dutch and 5 British) used as slave labour by Mitsui Mining Company. Each man was required to work 9 hours per day in the adjacent lead mines. They were supervised by civilian foremen armed with rubber pipes which they did not hesitate to use when a POW failed to accomplish the specified amount of labour. Any man hurt or wounded in the mines (of which there were many given the conditions) were forced to remain in the mine until their shift was completed. All work was inspected and detailed by Mitsui Mining Company officials daily. The men eat nothing but cooked grain (rice and maize), about once per month each man is given about 1oz of meat, about every two weeks 3oz of fish and occasionally, as a reward for working hard, receives about 5oz of soy beans. The POWs sleep on straw mats, 24 to a room designed for 10. Heating is provided by two hand fulls of charcoal per day. The rooms are so fragile that the snow has to be removed from the roof each day to prevent collapse. The medical facilities are deplorable, once a man is hurt or falls sick, the Japanese place every obstacle in the way of his recovery. They withhold medicines sent by the Red Cross, do not issue enough fuel to warm the sick quarters, provide an insufficient number of blankets and greatly reduce the rations of the sick. Many lose the will to live. 25 January 1945 In file 3150 among the small handwritten pencil notes from the Osaka POW camps is the report of Corporal John Mott’s death from malnutrition. He was 26 years old. The file cover says that the author of the notes is unknown. They are probably by the camp medical officer. 22 February 1945 A message is sent to John’s mother, Gertrude, that an enemy propaganda broadcast from the Japanese Government had been intercepted, it is quoted: “DEAR MOTHER, HOPING TO RECEIVE LETTERS AND PHOTOGRAPHS FROM YOU ALL SOON. ANXIOUSLY LONGING TO SEE EVERYONE AT HOME, AND TRY SOME OF CONNIE’S COOKING AND SOME HUNTING AND FISHING WITH HIRAM. EXPERIENCING FIRST SNOW SINCE 1939. KEEP YOUR HEALTH SO WE ALL CAN HAVE A GOOD TIME WHEN I RETURN. PASS THE WORD TO DAD AND ALL MY FRIENDS. I PRAY THAT WE ALL MAY BE TOGETHER VERY SOON. KEEP THE HOME FIRES BURNING. YOUR LOVING SON, JOHN. CPL JOHN J MOTT, USMC. 23 March 1945 Having received word of John in the Osaka area and knowing that the Americans were fire bombing there, she writes to the Provost Marshal’s office asking if the POW camps have been spared the bombing. 1 May 1945 The Provost Marshal’s office replies confirming John’s internment at Osaka Camp, Japan. But, as the Japanese will not allow any Red Cross visits, there is no information available on the welfare of American POWs. 25 August 1945 Telegram From: COMMANDANT OF THE MARINE CORPS To: MRS GERTRUDE LAWRENCE DEEPLY REGRET TO INFORM YOU REPORT JUST RECEIVED STATES YOUR SON CORPORAL JOHN JAMES MOTT USMC DIED OF ACUTE BRONCHITIS ON 25 JANUARY 1945 IN JAPANESE PRISON CAMP. NO INFORMATION AVAILABLE REGARDING BURIAL. PLEASE ACCEPT MY HEARTFELT SYMPATHY. A A VANDEGRIFT GENERAL USMC 28 August 1945 A letter is received by Gertrude from USMC: “...Mere words can do little to console you in your sorrow, but I am sure the knowledge that your son died in the service of his country will help you bear your heavy burden of grief.” 2 April 1946 Gertrude is sent a letter confirming John’s medal entitlements: Army Distinguished Unit Badge with oakleaf cluster American Defence Service Medal with Fleet clasp Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal with one star Victory Medal Philippine Defence Medal Gertrude is sent the awards in 1947 and 1948. In the following years, Congress authorise entitlement of a Bronze Star Medal, a Prisoner of War Medal and a posthumous Purple Heart. 26 April 1949 Gertrude receives her, applied for, Gold Star Lapel Button engraved with her initials G.M.L. 9 June 1949 John’s father W.W.Mott receives his, applied for, Gold Star Lapel Button engraved with his initials W.W.M. 3 May 1950 Gertrude receives a letter informing her that the remains of Cpl. John James Mott has been permanently interred in Plot B, Row 16, Grave 105, side by side with comrades who also gave their lives for their country, in Manila U.S. Military Cemetery. The U.S. Department of Veteran Affairs report on American POW and MIA states that of the 27,000 Americans captured in the Philippines from Dec 1941 to May 1942 almost 11,000 of them died in captivity. On the Pacific War Memorial, Corregidor Island: SLEEP MY SONS. YOUR DUTY DONE. FOR FREEDOM’S LIGHT HAS COME. SLEEP IN THE SILENT DEPTHS OF THE SEA OR IN YOUR BED OF HALLOWED SOD. UNTIL YOU HEAR AT DAWN THE LOW CLEAR REVEILLE OF GOD.
  8. 7 January 1938 John James Mott, 19 years old, enlists into the United States Marine Corps at the Recruiting Station in Washington D.C. 4 February 1938 Gertrude Lawrence (John’s Mother), now divorced and re - married to Sheriff William Hiram Lawrence in Palm Beach, Florida, signs as Mother and Legal Guardian consenting to his 4 year service enlistment. 7 March 1938 Private John J. Mott is given his travel orders to report to the Commanding Officer, Recruit Depot, Paris Island, South Carolina. Commonly known as “boot camp” - 7 weeks of training that must be successfully completed in order to serve in the United States Marine Corps. 27 April 1938 John is posted to Sea School at the Marine Barracks, Norfolk Naval Shipyard, Portsmouth, Virginia. 4 weeks training designed to prepare Marines for duty aboard the capital ships of the U.S.Navy Fleet. 26 May 1938 Assigned for two years service aboard ship. U.S.S. Honolulu was launched on 26 Aug 1937 and commissioned on 15 June 1938. After a ‘shake down’ cruise to England, she engages in fleet exercises in the Caribbean and is then based in New York. She then joins the Pacific Fleet arriving at San Pedro, California on 14 June 1939. For the remainder of the year and into 1940 she continues operations along the West Coast out of Long Beach, California. 7 February 1940 Confirmed promotion to Private First Class on 1 June 1939 19 March 1940 Extends enlistment for a further 2 years 25 March 1940 Assigned to Company D, 1st Battalion, 4th Marine Regiment (China) 29 April 1940 Boards U.S.S. Chaumont at San Diego for China. Calls at Pearl Harbour, San Pedro, San Francisco, Honolulu, Guam, Manila reaching Shanghai on 28 July 1940. 2 December 1940 Promoted to Corporal 26 May 1941 Assigned to HQ Co. 1st Battalion, 4th Marine Regt. 1 July 1941 Assigned back to D Co. 1st Battalion, 4th Marine Regt. The 4th Marines had been stationed in China since 1927 “protecting the lives, property and commerce of American citizens in the International Settlement of Shanghai”. For several months the Chinese area of Shanghai was controlled by the Japanese Army during the Sino-Japanese War. The Chinese withdrew in November 1937, though many Chinese residents remained in the International Settlement. While the Japanese military could not seize the International Settlement, they maintained pressure on the remaining foreign delegations through intimidation. With Europe at war, foreign nations were withdrawing their troops from Shanghai, tensions between Japan and the United States steadily increased. Admiral Hart requested the Marines withdraw due to their position being untenable and his belief that war was inevitable. Permission to withdraw was received on 10 November 1941. 27 November 1941 1st and HQ Battalions embark on U.S.S. President Madison bound for Subric Bay. The rest of the Regiment leave on U.S.S. President Harrison the following day. (6 Marines not found were left behind.) 30 and 31 November 1941 U.S.S. President Madison and President Harrison arrive at Olongapo Naval Station. The Regiment is deployed to strengthen the defences at Naval bases preparing them for war. But war came earlier than expected. 7 December 1941 The Japanese attack Pearl Harbour 8 December 1941 War is declared by the United States on Japan 1st Battalion 4th Marines are deployed to Mariveles Naval Base, Bataan to prepare defences. Christmas 1941 Regiment is ordered to destroy stores, buildings, equipment at bases and to prepare for deployment elsewhere. 27 to 29 December 1941 Regiment is ordered to move to the Fortress of Corregidor to strengthen the beach defences. 15 January 1942 Order from General MacArthur to “read and explain the following message to all troops:- “Help is on the way from the United States. Thousands of troops and hundreds of planes are being dispatched... “We have more troops than the Japanese, a determined defence will defeat the enemy’s attack... “It is now a question of courage and determination. If we fight, we will win.” 7 January to 8 April 1942 An estimated thirty thousand Americans are killed or wounded during the 3 month battle for the Bataan peninsula. 75,000 U.S. and allied Philippine troops are taken prisoner. 9 April 1942 The Infamous Bataan Death March. The forcible transfer of prisoners from Mariveles to San Fernando and Camp O’Donnell some 65 gruelling miles away. During the trip as many as 26,000 Philippine troops and 1,500 Americans die of starvation, dehydration, malaria, or just being beaten to death by sadistic Japanese guards. 9 April 1942 Gertrude Lawrence (John’s mother) writes a letter to the Adjutant General in Washington D.C. She hasn’t heard from John since the summer of 1941. Having heard the news about the fall of Bataan she is obviously very anxious. She wonders if he’s been captured and whether he needs anything. 10 April 1942 onwards Corregidor is like the centre of a bullseye. The island is under constant artillery fire from Bataan and continuous bombardment from the aircraft above. Half of the 1st Battalion of the 4th Marines had undergone an epidemic of gastroenteritis with 114 of the cases being severe. There were many cases of malaria and jaundice along with an outbreak of tonsillitis. 18 April 1942 The Asst. Adjutant USMC writes back to Gertrude telling her that John’s unit was evacuated to Corregidor and that it is hoped he is there. All reports have been checked and there is nothing to show that John has been injured or made a prisoner of war. 5 to 6 May 1942 The last stand on Corregidor, the 4th Marines are the stiffening of a composite force –- Coast Guard, Navy, Naval Reserve, Insular Force, US Army, Philippine Army, Philippine Scouts and Police. The enemy lands at 11pm on the east of the island - right in the faces of 1st Battalion. Company A take the brunt of the attack, throw grenades onto the landing beaches and die in their positions. The defenders continue to inflict heavy casualties on the Japanese invaders, however, as dawn breaks they are no match for Japanese planes, tanks and artillery. The Japanese gain a foothold and expand it, pushing toward Corregidor’s headquarters. The Marines have lost all of their heavy guns and are almost out of ammunition. Feeling that further resistance is useless and fearing a possible massacre of the 1,000 sick and wounded personnel in the headquarters, Gen. Wainwright decides to surrender. He radios “There is a limit of human endurance, and that point has long been passed”. The National and Regimental Colours are burned rather than let them fall into the enemy’s hands. 7 to 23 May 1942 All forces on Corregidor, about 8,000 US Troops and 5,000 Philippine Troops, are rounded up and marched to a flat concrete area about 500 feet by 1500 feet on the South side of the Island. An old sign reads 92nd P.C. Garage. Each prisoner is given a number that is painted on the back of their shirt or trousers. They are split into groups of about 1,000 men. Every prisoner is robbed of all possessions. There is no water until the troops are allowed to lay a small pipe from the water tanks about 2 miles away. Men have to queue from 4 to 6 hours to get 1 canteen of water. After 3 days the Japanese issue a small amount of rice. Open latrines are dug in the middle of the area and in the sweltering heat they attract swarms of insects and flies. 24 May 1942 All troops are loaded into the holds of 3 transport vessels and spend the night crowded in such a way that it is impossible to stand or move. 25 May 1942 The ships sail across Manila bay to the shore opposite Pasay. All POWs are loaded into landing craft and then forced overboard into about 4 feet of water to make their own way to shore and are assembled into columns of four. Herded and kept in line by Japanese cavalry the POWs are marched the 5 miles to Bilibid Prison. About 12,000 prisoners are forced into a camp designed for about 4,000. Over the following days large groups of POWs are marched to Torido Station and forced into small steel boxcars on a narrow gauge railway. Over 100 men to each car, wedged in so tight that they can’t even squat down. They disembark at Cabanatuan and are force marched the 12 miles to No3 Camp. Anyone falling by the wayside from heat prostration or exhaustion is severely beaten by the guards. If, having taken a beating they still can’t walk they are loaded into trucks. 13 June 1942 Taken to Philippine Islands Port Area Camp No.11,– Yamamoto Butai, which is directly behind the Customs House. About 400 of the strongest men from the Cabanatuan Camps were selected as a labour battalion to work as stevedores on the docks in Manila. In “Horror Trek: A True Story of Bataan” by Robert W. Levering – - John is mentioned - “Tall, good natured Johnnie Mott, who fought with the 4th Marines, was well educated and often said he suffered from not having anything to read.” 15 October 1942 Moved to the Port Terminus Building across the street from Pier No.7. John spends almost 2 years working in the Dockyards under appalling conditions. 11 August 1943 Gertrude Lawrence writes to ask if she can be sent a copy of the War Prisoners Bulletin. A friend had phoned her to say that the latest copy has a photo showing a group of American POWs, one of which could be of her son John. This is the only photo of any Japanese held POWs in the War Prisoners Bulletin –up to September 1943. None of these men, from Camp Zentsuti, Japan (in the July 1943 issue) are of John as he was still in the Philippines:
  9. Mott, John James 263947 USMC Semper Fidelis
  10. Gents A WW2 4th Marine POW Group. The medals came with a fairly thick folder of paperwork - I assume copies of and from the USMC records that are obtainable from the US Archives. With a bit of Mr. Google's help and a sort through the folder:
  11. Martin The newer split pins (1940ish - they may be dated but probably best not to play with them too much to see) are holding the finished colour better than the older helmet. The steel alloy of the later split pins never seem to rust as much as the steel helmet so the paint looks better. Roller buckles are pretty rare. Some were manufactured through the 20s and clip onto the helmet bale/d ring with a steel clip and are sewn on at the other side. These are normally only found on transitional helmets (M16/M17etc), sometimes used on early M35s. All chin straps were basically the same from 1939 on, 13 holes I believe. They started off all alluminium, then most became steel in 1940 with the quality falling away later in the war. Chinstraps broke a lot, due to quality, hanging from webbing and general use so were replaced fairly often. Roller buckles are known on all helmet variants (M35/40 and 42) some sewn onto the bales, some made from Belgian or French Adrian straps. So, not unknown and not something to worry about, just a bit more of a life story for the helmet. Great helmet to keep. I made up the H-RTS230/245, just to see if anyone was actually reading or paying any attention.
  12. Martin Really nice 'piece of history' helmet you have there. Looks to be an early war replaced liner and chinstrap but probably not the drawstring. I'm guessing an ET helmet, liner being marked as 57 would make it an ET64? and shrapnel damage from a H-RTS230/245 given the shape of the dent. Any other feelings Gents? Steve
  13. Spasm

    Little Helmets

    Thanks Martin I expect you'll be back Good grief, I'll get my coat
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