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Carol I

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  1. The Romanian visa is for a single entry at the latest on 24th of November and a stay of maximum 60 days. The handwritten purpose of the trip could very likely be "mission".
  2. Very nice find, congratulations! It is amazing that you could find the context of the awards. May I please ask you for better resolution images of the award cerificates?
  3. It has the maker's mark, the period's state mark for silver (probably the one for the stated purity), so it is silver.
  4. I think one admin could easily move threads. Alternatively you post the thread (again) in the right section and an admin can later delete this one or simply leave it pray to neglect...
  5. It's most likely silver, but please move this thread to the relevant section for more details: Central & Eastern European States
  6. Indeed it is the style of wearing the sashes that is different for the Orthodox clergy and its origin could be that proposed by Utopis. As to the question whether they are 'normal sashes', the photographic evidence indicates that in some cases as that of Bishop Melchisedec above and Bishop Nifon (1860-1923) below they were narrower versions, at least those of the Romanian orders. And to come back to the orders that started this topic, please find a painting of Metropolitan Nifon (1789-1875) wearing an Austrian Order of Franz Joseph, apparently fastened directly to the ribbon of the Russian Order of St Anne. The Austrian sash is not visible.
  7. Romanian clergymen have also worn the sashes around the neck: B/W photo of Bishop Melchisedec (1823-1892) and colour photo of Patriarch Teoctist (1915-2007).
  8. The Museum of the Legion of Honour has one collar of this order.
  9. Hi Alex, Yours is the correct ribbon. Type one insignia (1877-1932) had red ribbon with two blue stripes on each side. The red ribbon with one blue stripe on each edge is the Military Virtue ribbon for battlefield awards. Hence it does not fit peacetime insignia.
  10. ... and with wrong (battlefield) ribbon.
  11. You're welcome, Gordon. Here is more on the history of the medal. It was originally established in 1878 as a two class award and was reorganised as a three class award in 1932. The wartime awards (with swords) were introduced in 1937, also in a three-class system.
  12. Hi Gordon This is old type of the medal with the coat of arms in use until 1922 (and it should also have a surmounting crown). The other ones are of the type used during WWII.
  13. I thought Nicholas' question was about the wartime awards. Also, I would like to add that although the Faithful Service Order indeed had 5 classes in 1937, these were Collar, Grand Cross, Grand Officer, Commander and Officer.
  14. Hi Nicolas, The Faithful Service Cross and Medal were the lowest wartime decorations according to the Royal Decree no. 1932/1941, with the cross ranked above the medal. Unfortunately I do not have access to the text of the decree, but I guess the difference was on whether the award was for armed deeds (cross) or for service (medal).
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