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Rusty Greaves

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  1. I continue to find it very difficult to locate information about J. Lattes. My recent efforts have only found a couple of mentions, again in the online horological literature. A very brief synopsis of J. Lattes is noted in the 16 May, 2020 listing "Dictionnaire des Horlogers: De Identitas à Lyanna (Abécédaire des hommes et des entreprises qui ont fait l'histoire de l'horlogerie) on the WorldTempus Swiss Watch Authority website (http://fr.worldtempus.com/article/industrie-news/economie/dictionnaire-des-horlogers-de-identitas-a-lyanna-15633.html). It states in a simple listing (in French) that: "Lattes, J. Geneva and Cairo. End of the 19th century. Simple and complicated watches for the Egyptian market." I also have found an illustration of a cased travel clock with the name J. Lattes stamped on the leather case cover from an 18 March, 2020 auction (785: Kunst, Antiquäten, & Schmuck) by NAGEL auction.de (https://www.auction.de/catalogues/epaper-785/index.html#104), shown below. This clock (illustrated on page 102 of the NAGEL auction catalogue (for auction 785) is identified as a miniature travel clock in its original case. This moderate-resolution image can be zoomed for slightly more detail. It is supposedly dated to c. 1830 (no basis for this date is provided in the auction description). However, this seems far too early considering that J. Lattes was still manufacturing Egyptian orders in the 1930s. The auction description (in German) states that this item (Lot Number 185) is made of 935 silver and the clock sends 5 mm tall. "Finely guilloched silver case on a low, black marble base in a brown, gold-tooled leather case. Four-sided polychrome enamel decorations with translucent band ornaments. Enamel dial with Arabic hours and decorative gold hands. Cylinder gear. Movement no. 12890. Folding, original case with key compartment, inscription 'J. Lattes Le Caire' ". No illustration of the J. Lattes name is included with the listing. The same clock also is listed with a lower-resolution illustration on the ArtFox website: (https://www.artfoxlive.com/product/3752780.html#prettyPhoto) I also have a couple bits of information regarding Egyptian hallmarks that come from an article by Azza Fahmy (whose illustrations of Egyptian hallmark reference tables I have used previously in this thread) in an article she authored in RAWI (issue 7, 2015: https://rawi-magazine.com/articles/everlasting_lustre/) "An everlasting lustre: a thousand years of monitoring Egypt's jewelry industry". In reference to a discussion of the development of regulations for the assay of precious metals, she states that the 1st law regulating the carats of gold and grades of silver was passed in 1847, under Khedive Abbas Hilmi I. A 2nd law that regulated the process of hallmarking was passed under Khedive Abbas Hilmi II. She states: "This law was passed in English, as Egypt was under British occupation at the time and a British official headed the Cairo assay office. This law stipulated the permissible carats of gold and standards of silver to be traded in Egyptian markets as follows: ‘Gold – 23.5 / 21 / 18 / 15 / 12’ and ‘Silver – 90 / 80 / 60 / 45’. A third law was passed in the reign of Sultan Hussein Kamel (1914–1917), which prohibited the buying or selling of any precious metals that were not stamped by the Egyptian assay office. After some time, the lowest permissible grade of silver became 60, while the lowest carat of gold became 15...Hallmarks were added to precious metals using a fine steel punch, which bore the required symbol at its tip; this symbol was hammered (struck) onto the piece to record the kind of metal used, its carat value, and the date and place it was crafted. Each symbol struck comprised four signs, arranged in the shape of a square no larger than two millimetres. At the time of the British occupation, the punches used to apply hallmarks were made in England and exported to Egypt. From 1916 to 1938, English letters were used to write the date a piece was crafted, and the punches were changed annually, a practice that continued until 1951. To this day, Egypt’s punches are still made in England and exported to the assay office, though Arabic letters have been used since 1940."
  2. Enzo, Many thanks for contributing good images of your District Courts' badge. As noted in this thread, the gilt gold & silver District Courts badge is much less commonly seen at auctions than the silver badges, that not only were used by members of the Parquet but also by officials of the Appeals Court, the District Courts, and the Parquet. It appears that the diamond-shaped hallmark on the ~center of the reverse is the Froment-Meurice maker's mark with the rose. I included images of this hallmark as the 13th (showing a similar mark in about the same position on the reverse of a silver badge) & 14th (showing a drawing of the rose hallmark of Maison Froment-Meurice) illustrations in my post of 28 February, 2019, and on the reverse of an example shown as the 2nd photo in my post of 14 August, 2019, all on this thread. I have included those illustrations again below, as I previously have seen only two other examples of the Froment-Meurice diamond-shaped hallmark with a horizontal rose on Mixed Courts badges (the Apostolo N. Gennaropoulo badge and on less high-resolution photo of a badge made by Froment-Meurice from a 19 June, 2019 auction by Lugdunum GmbH archived on the CoinArchives.com website). Very interesting to see initials "JH" casually engraved on this example. I do not have an exhaustive list of judges or other court officials, but the volume Les Juridictions Mixtes d'Égypte 1876-1926: Livre d'or Édité sous le Patronage du Conseil de l’Ordre des Avocats á l’Occasion du Cinquantenaire des Tribunaux de la Réforme, par le: Journal des Tribunaux Mixtes. Alexandrie, Egypte, Février 1926 does have a very complete listing for court personnel from the inception of the Mixed Courts in 1875 through the January 1926 publication date. I am assuming that this gold & silver badge most likely did belong to a judge, and that officials serving the District Courts (Alexandria, Cairo, and Mansourah) would most likely have had silver badges. Judges in the Les Juridictions Mixtes d'Égypte 1876-1926 volume with the initials J. H. include the following Europeans who only served on the Mixed District Courts: Juste-Jean Holten of Denmark (appointed judge to the Cairo Court in January, 1878, transferred to Mansourah in June 1878, transferred to Alexandria in January 1882, and recalled to government service in Denmark in July 1883); Jules Firmin Gabriel Herbout of France (named to the Cairo Court in April 1876. recalled to government service in France in September 1883); Jacques Adalbert Haakman of the Netherlands (named to the Court in Alexandria in June 1875, dismissed by the General Council of the Appeals Court in November 1876); Jules Cornélis Théodorus Heyligers of the Netherlands (named to the Court in Mansurah in March 1901, transferred to Cairo in May 1904, and died January 1920 in Cairo; he is shown in the last photo of my post of 18 April, 2019 on this thread, standing furthest to the viewer's R in the 2nd row; Jasper Yeates Brinton, an American jurist on the Appeals Court, refers to him as "Judge Th. Heyligers" in several places in his 1930 book: The Mixed Courts of Egypt, Yale University Press, New Haven); None of the Egyptian judges listed on the District Courts through January 1926 had names that might have been spelled with initials J.H. None of the Appeals Court judges listed in the 1926 Les Juridictions Mixtes d'Égypte 1876-1926 volume had names with the initials J. H. Rusty Cropped close-up image of the silver Mixed Courts' badge attributed to the Greek Judge (?) Apostolo N. Gennaropoulo, from a 2014 eBay auction archived on the WorthPoint website (https://www.worthpoint.com/worthopedia/ottoman-empire-egypt-khedivate-judges-982926374). This image can be zoomed for a small bit more detail of the rose hallmark. As can be seen in other photos on this thread, most (all?) of the badges that lack the diamond-shaped hallmark but are marked with the "FROMENT-MEURICE" name have that stamped on the reverse above the attachment rivets holding the tablet & coat of arms design components to the rayed embellishment. Drawing of the diamond-shaped rose hallmark used by Maison Froment-Meurice of Paris. (From: https://www.langantiques.com/university/Froment-Meurice_Jewelry_Maker%27s_Mark). I do not know the date ranges for the total period when Froment-Meurice produced these badges, or whether this hallmark had a more limited temporal use for them. Unfortunately, unlike the Egyptian-made examples, there is probably not any date hallmark on your piece, correct? That also could help identify whether any of the judges with J.H. initials are more likely to have been the owner of this badge. Is there a small hallmark on the reverse of the long ray just to the viewer's R of the lowermost central long ray of the embellishment on your badge? Cropped lower-resolution photo of a badge made by Froment-Meurice from a 19 June, 2019 auction by Lugdunum GmbH [Auction 16, Lot 288)] archived on the CoinArchives.com website [https://www.coinarchives.com/w/lotviewer.php?LotID=3972878&AucID=4100&Lot=288&Val=f97e5c722c28c73add7c029f374c845e] that also shows the diamond-shaped Froment-Meurice hallmark with the rose in the same position as seen on Enzo's badge and the Gennaropoulo badge. These 3 Mixed Court badges are the only examples I have found illustrations of showing this hallmark in addition to the "FROMENT-MEURICE" name (and pieces that are undoubtedly made by this atelier [i.e., based on the badge execution, that are in original cases marked "FROMENT-MEURICE"} but lack the maker's name also do not have the diamond-shaped hallmark instead of that name).
  3. The differences In the piece illustrated by nickstrenk today in the first post here are interesting compared to those graham links to from the 2018 exchange on GMIC. In relation to those Egyptian Military Technical Academy awards similar to the insignia starting this thread, as previously illustrated by nickstrenk and Owain in the 2018 thread that graham linked above, there are a few good photos of an example from an eMedals listing (Item: W5219) for a 3 September, 2019 offering (https://www.emedals.com/egypt-republic-an-order-of-merit-of-the-united-arab-republic). Obverse of the eMedals Item: W5219 offering from the 3 September, 2019 sale (for US$135). Unlike the more precise identification by ChrisW and Owain in that 2018 thread which graham links to, the eMedals description calls this "Egypt, Republic, An Order of Merit of the United Arab Republic". The auction description states " الجمهورية العربية المتحدة‎ al-Jumhūrīyah al-'Arabīyah al-Muttaḥidah. In bronze gilt with red, white, green and black enamels, measuring 45.8 mm (w) x 47.5 mm (h), stiff-framed original blue ribbon suspended from a bronze gilt and black enamelled hanger with pinback, scattered gilt wear and greening, intact enamels, better than very fine. " Unlike the 2 other examples illustrated by nickstenk and Owain, the eMedlas piece has some black coloration on the basal embellishment that has partially worn off. Close up image of the obverse of this same eMedals example. Reverse of this same eMedals piece Close up image of the obverse of this same eMedals example. Oblique view of the obverse of the eMedals Item: W5219, 3 September, 2019 offering
  4. I have just a few additions to this thread today, including a current auction example of a 3rd Class Commander neck badge, measurements of the case for the Pierre Crabités 2nd Class Grand Officer regalia, and a poor quality photo of another example of a 1st Class Grand Cordon Order of Ismail. Below are 2 images of a 3rd Class Commander order of Ismail neck badge from a current (ending May 29, 2021) auction by La Galerie Numismatique (https://www.coins-la-galerie-numismatique.com/auction-li-day-1/order-ismail). Moderate-resolution image of the 3rd Class Commander Order of Ismail and case. This photo from the La Galerie Numismatique listing (SKU 198) can be zoomed for a bit more detail. The dimensions given in the auction description are 83 mm (tall) X 60 mm (wide), and the weight is given as 44.8 g. The piece of paper on the lower left reads "Ismail le magnifique", referencing Ismail Pasha, "Ismail the Magnificent", Khedive of Egypt (reign=January 1863-June 1879, removed by the the Ottoman Sultan under coercion by the British & French governments) and conqueror of the Sudan, for whom the Order of Ismail was named by Sultan Hussein Kamel of Egypt on 14 April, 1915. Image showing the obverse and reverse of this same example of the 3rd Class neck badge from the La Galerie Numismatique listing for the 29 May auction. The inset photo below shows 2 of the Egyptian gold hallmarks on the reverse of the suspension loop (the middle hallmark of an ibis indicating Egyptian-manufactured gold is missing, not an uncommon combination) showing the assay mark, probably for the Cairo office (the resolution this image is a bit unclear) indicating 18k gold. The "B" date hallmark indicates an assay date of 1927-1928. The reverse of the neck badge shows the "LATTES" maker's mark and the 3 Egyptian hallmarks, although they cannot be distinguished even by zooming this image. I was recently able to measure the case of the Pierre Crabités 2nd Class Grand Officer Order of Ismail award, that I illustrated here in my post on this thread of 11 December, 2020 (when I did not have access to a measuring tape). Above is the same image of the Pierre Crabités 2nd Class Grand Officer Order of Ismail case that I posted as the 2nd photo in my post of 11 December, 2020. I brought a tape measure with me on a recent visit to a family member where the case is, as they did not have any way for me to measure it on my last visit. The length of the case is 243 mm; its width is 122 mm; and it is 47 mm in maximum depth. The upper lid measures 22 mm deep and the lower portion with the medal bed is 25 mm deep. See my 11 December post for additional detailed images of this case design & construction. I recently came across a low-resolution image (shown below) of a 1st Class Grand Cordon Order of Ismail from a 23 October, 2010 auction by MedalHouse OY of Helsinki, Finland. The "best" versions of this catalogue illustration is archived on the DOCPLAYER website (https://docplayer.fi/1459898-Orders-medals-auction-aukcion-ordenov-i-medaley-october-23-2010-23-oktyabrya-2010-g-helsinki-finland-helsinki-finlyandiya.html). I have previously encountered an even smaller version of this photo, but have not included it here before as it does not provide any useful details of the design or execution of an example of this award. This low-resolution image of a cased example of a 1st Class Order of Ismail comes from page 18 of the MedalHouse OY auction catalogue for 23 October, 2010 (item no. 62). Although there is little detail in the image, it appears likely to be a Lattes made example. It does show the pinking of both the decorative bow and ends of the sash. The case may show the more decorative form of the flip release latch opening of the case. The auction description does not provide any dimensions or other relevant information beyond a common, brief description of this Order. I am including this image and reference simply to document another example of what is likely a complete set (sash, sash badge, breast star, and case, but apparently without the brevet or attribution to an awardee) of the Grand Cordon Class of this Order.
  5. Above is an interesting dated portrait of 3 men who are officials working for the Egyptian Indigenous Courts. This comes from a current eBay auction (https://www.ebay.com/itm/313482230518?hash=item48fcff3af6:g:rgcAAOSwj-tgbFCV) of an original black & white print (14 cm wide X 9 cm high). Although the seller identifies these men as judges, as noted in other posts here my research indicates that, as with the Mixed Courts, several individuals working for the Indigenous Courts also wore the sash with crescent and star pins. Unlike most other portraits of such individuals from the Indigenous Courts that I have posted here, all 3 men wear what appear to be monochrome sashes that clearly show pleats. I do not know if this suggests they may be part of the Appeals Court (i.e., see the 8th & 9th image in my post of 6 April, 2020), and I also do not know anything about any different costume of officials of the Court Court of Cassation that was established in 1931. My feeling is that the variable jackets they are wearing may also suggest these men are not judges, but other court functionaries. As can be seen, there is a slight variation in the size of the 3 stars worn by the man on the viewers' left (larger) compared with those of the other 2 men's sash emblems. Reverse of the same photo with the inscription "1948 Minia". The date indicates that this portrait was made the year prior to the termination of the Egyptian Mixed Courts (14 October, 1949). The name Minia is a bit perplexing as no Appeals or District Court was apparently located in Minia and it is not identified as a location where Courts had visiting sessions.
  6. Duncan, eMedals has an archived listing of 3 US Environmental Protection Agency medals in gold, silver, & bronze (https://www.emedals.com/three-american-environmental-protection-agency-medals#:~:text=Three American Environmental Protection Agency Medals United States%3B,Commendable Service%2C Individual and Group (bronze%2C 38.3 mm).). They have different ribbons than the example you illustrated. The auction listing text states: "United States; Gold Grade Medal for Exceptional Service, Individual and Group (bronze gilt, 38.5 mm); Silver Grade Medal for Superior Service, Individual and Group (silvered bronze, 38.7 mm); and Bronze Grade Medal for Commendable Service, Individual and Group (bronze, 38.3 mm). Each medal with its original ribbon with brooch pinback, scattered silvering wear on the obverse of the Silver Grade Medal, near extremely fine." A 11 March, 2021 eBay listing of a bronze example identifies it as "US Environmental Protection Agency Civilian Distinguished Career Medal". All of the photos I can find online show the ribbon colors shown below, not those on your example. There is some additional information on then US Environmental Protection Agency blog (https://www.epa.gov). OMSA has additional photos (https://www.omsa.org/images/?parent=846), there may be an example in their archives with the same ribbon as on the example you illustrated above. Obverse of the 3 US Environmental Protection Agency medals in (L-R): gold, silver, & bronze. Reverse of the three US Environemental Protection Agency Distinguished Career medals in (L-R): identifying each classes award "FOR EXCEPTIONAL SERVICE" (gold); "FOR SUPERIOR SERVICE" (silver); and "FOR COMMENDABLE SERVICE" (bronze). The above image of a gold US EPA medal shows the same ribbon as on Duncan's example turns up in an image search for these medals & identifies the source as OMSA (https://www.omsa.org/ImageDB/images/812/EPA_Exceptional_Service_Medal_type2.JPG), but it is not illustrated on the OMSA page referenced in the first paragraph of this post. A past eBay auction listing (https://i.ebayimg.com/images/i/380396891278-0-1/s-l1000.jpg-no longer available) shows the above example that appears to be gold, has a slightly different ribbon configuration, and is inscribed on the reverse "FOR DISTINGUISHED SERVICE". The San Mateo County Historical Association Online Collections Database, Redwood City, CA, has a couple examples with additional information,. See the 2 listings below to view then copyrighted photos. The The San Mateo County Historical Association Online Collections Database illustrates an example of a cased bronze medal and lapel pin to JoAnn Semones, with another slightly different ribbon color scheme (https://historysmc.pastperfectonline.com/webobject/9551643F-E5EA-40C3-8AC4-925749863570). The description of that example states: Title: EPA Bronze Medal, c. 1990s Object Name: Medal, Commemorative Description: EPA Bronze Medal, c. 1990s. Awarded to JoAnn Semones for commendable service with the Environmental Protection Agency. Medal (A) is circular and bronze; "UNITED STATES ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY" is written around the edge in raised text; and in the center is a design with a stylized butterfly on the bottom and a circle on top containing what looks like ocean waves and a smaller, raised circle near its center. The design is put together so it also looks like a stylized flower, with the butterfly being the stem and leaves and the circle the bulb. On the back is written "FOR COMMENDABLE SERVICE", surrounded by a leafy wreath pattern. Attached to the medal is a green ribbon with two vertical blue stripes bordered in white. Pin (B) is a smaller version of the medal, with the same border text and the same butterfly/flower design in the center. Box (C) is a textured vinyl, navy blue with a gold plastic border around the opening and a vertical painted gold design stripe on the left of the lid; the design is made up of two vertical stripes on either side and a pattern of alternating stylized plant designs in the center. The inside is lined in white papery vinyl and the medal and pin rest on a soft gray insert in the bottom of the box. Date: c. 1990s Collection: 3D - Personal Symbols Inscription Text: "UNITED STATES / ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY" (raised text around edge of medal); "FOR / COMMENDABLE / SERVICE" (raised text on back of medal); "UNITED STATES / ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY" (raised text around edge of pin); "UNITED STATES / OF AMERICA" (gold text, bottom right corner of top of box) Provenance: Items related to JoAnn Semones professional career. Notes: Awarded to JoAnn Semones for commendable service during her time at the San Francisco EPA office (1980-2001). Dimensions: H-7.5 W-4.25 D-7.75 inches Dimension Details: open box (medal (A) is 3.125 x 1.5 and pin (b) is .625 x .625) Search Terms: Awards Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Medals Semones, JoAnn Subjects: Awards Environmental policy Medals People: Semones, JoAnn Credit line: JoAnn Semones - Julia Barrow Collection Catalog Number: 2017.008.055.2 The San Mateo County Historical Association Online Collections Database, Redwood City, CA, also illustrates an example of gold medal and award certificate to Julia Barrow from 1995 (https://historysmc.pastperfectonline.com/webobject/012B5112-6F61-4A4E-A910-524922534770). That example exhibits the same ribbon colors as shown on the eMedals example. The description of the framed certificate and medal reads: Title: Framed EPA Gold Medal Awarded to Julia Barrow, 1995 Object Name: Medal Description: Framed EPA Gold Medal Awarded to Julia Barrow, 1995. Gold medal and certificate awarded to Julie Barrow by the EPA for her exceptional service. Certificate is on the left, and states that she received the award for her public outreach program about California's air quality. Certificate has a gold foil EPA logo in the bottom left corner, made up of a flower shape with a setting sun over ocean waves on the round bulb and leaves that resemble butterfly wings. In the bottom right corner is a black signature from the EPA administrator. To the right of the certificate is the gold medal. It is round and also has the EPA logo in the center, and an attached ribbon with green stripes on a blue background. Medal and certificate are set into rectangular cutouts in a blue-gray marble patterned poster board, with a gold border around the medal's cutout. The entire thing has a thick gold plastic frame, designed to look like painted wood, with subtle abstract carvings around its main ridge. On the back is a sticker for Eriksen Gallery and Frame Shop in Half Moon Bay. Date: February 8, 1995 Collection: 3D - Personal Symbols Creator: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Inscription Text: "the united states environmental protection agency / Awards to / Julia Barrow / the / Gold Medal for Exceptional Service / For the successful design and implementation / of a comprehensive public outreach process / which resulted in innovative air quality strategies / under the California FIPs" (printed on certificate in black, with the first letters of the words of the first few lines in red); "Carol W. Browne / Administrator" (top line signed in black marker; not 100% confident that it's accurate); "UNITED STATES / ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY" (on medal, around the logo in raised text); "ERIKSEN GALLERY / & Frame Shop / 524 Main Street / Half Moon Bay, CA 94019 / (415) 726-1598" (on small white sticker, back of frame, bottom center) Provenance: Part of the Semones - Barrow Collection Notes: Julie held management positions with the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency in San Francisco, winning the agency's National Gold Medal for Exceptional Service by developing innovative air quality strategies. She is also a three-time recipient of the agency's National Bronze Medal for Commendable Service. She began her environmental career in Chicago, Illinois where she won the Regional Administrator's Award for Excellence for the Women in Science and Engineering Program." The gold medal is the EPA's highest honor. [source: biographical information provided by collection donors] Dimensions: H-15 W-22.5 D-2.25 inches Dimension Details: entire framed thing; 8 x 10 certificate; 3.25 x 1.5 x .25 medal Search Terms: Awards Barrow, Julia Certificates Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Medals Subjects: Air quality Awards Certificates Environmental policy Medals People: Barrow, Julia Credit line: JoAnn Semones - Julia Barrow Collection Catalog Number: 2017.008.082
  7. Since a few years prior to the centennial anniversary of the establishment of the US Dept. of State Diplomatic Security Service (the descendant organization of the Special Agents' Division) in 2016, there has been an increased use of a logo derived from the design of the original 1917 Special Agents' badge. Below are 2 examples of this logo. Motto for the DSS using the original 1917 badge logo from page 2 of the online pdf document History of the Bureau of Diplomatic Security of the United States Department of State, printed October 2011, Global Publishing Solutions, First Edition. (https://www.state.gov/wp-content/uploads/2019/05/176589.pdf). This is the same document that illustrates a series of historical badges for Special Agents that I previously included, in a cropped form, on this thread as the 2nd photo in my post of 25 March, 2017. I have included the uncropped version of that illustration below. Illustration from page 6 of the online pdf document History of the Bureau of Diplomatic Security of the United States Department of State, printed October 2011, Global Publishing Solutions, First Edition. (https://www.state.gov/wp-content/uploads/2019/05/176589.pdf). In my previous 25 March 2017 post I did not include the 3 badges in the bottom row. No information is provided on the dates of the different badges. I am only familiar with the example on the far left of the upper row. As I noted when I initially posted this image in 2017, the badge pictured is not an example the original 1917-design US Dept. of State Special Agents' Division badge, it is a later restrike. The enamel in the "US" and probably in the lettering on the upper & lower banners as well as the margins between the lower scrolled shield and the inner margin of the lower banner (as in the blue-enameled restrict example shown in my 20 March 2021 post here) indicates that it is one of the later restrikes of this badge (exhibiting a different distribution of enamel from the high-resolution image of a restrike that is the 1st photo in my post of 25 March, 2017). A red, white & blue version the same logo based on the original 1917 Special Agents' Division badge shown in black & white in the first image of this post. This image is from an archived US Dept of State website(from a previous administration) including a link to the same online article, "Diplomatic Security : Then & Now" as uses the black & white format shown in the first photo of this post. This version in red, white & blue appears to have specifically been used in celebration of the 2016 Department of Diplomatic Service Centennial and is now part of archived information that was released from Jan 20, 2009 - January 20, 2017 (https://2009-2017.state.gov/m/ds/c66769.htm). I have some additional information on restrikes of the original 1917 badge. A collector who specializes in US federal badges determined that the original dies for the 1917 badge was made by the US Mint and then given to the Bureau of Engraving and Printing, and was likely later sent to the State Department. The first restricts were probably made by V. H. Blackinton, currently located in Attleboro Falls, MA. Because of concern for the potential damage to the original die, the Bureau of Engraving and Printing did not allow Blackinton to use the original, and they used a costly method to copy it that did not impact the integrity of that original die. It is currently uncertain if that die may still exist or its precise location. A particularly appalling tale of Govt. economy in disregard of the importance of the history of the US Dept. of State relates to at least one version purported to be a restrike embedded in lucite. A collector with a second "restrike" in lucite removed it from the encasement to discover that it was cast, not die struck, and there was no engraving - the design was a lot less detailed because it was not engraved but had a vinyl sticker placed on the obverse.
  8. Dear ChrisW, 

     

    Great follow up on the photo! What persistence to keep looking until you were able to identify Ali Mahmoud Showery and provide such a detailed biography, bravo! I did not want to clutter up the thread or section by stealing the visibility of your addition with a simple recognition of your having done the work.

     

    Cheers, 

     

    Rusty

    1. ChrisW

      ChrisW

      Thanks very much Rusty, you are too kind! I just happened to be scrolling through one of my Facebook groups and saw this same, memorable photo posted with a nice description. Best, Chris

  9. Numis, I assume you have seen the F.K. Mitchell 1955 article referenced on page 175 of the portion of the document I included in my post of 30 January on this thread from an online pdf of the City of Johannesburg Africana Museum's: Military Medals of South African Interest: An Exhibition of the Collections in the Africana Museum and the South African National War Museum, Johannesburg, Augmented by Special Loans, 22 July-10 August 1957 (a typed manuscript made in Johannesburg, 1957). That manuscript article identifies the Mitchell article as the most authoritative publication on the Sir Harry Smith Medal for Gallantry at the time. Gavinmedals also quoted the 1955 Mitchell article in his post of 5 March on this thread. Mitchell states in his Africana Notes and News 1955 article that he personally examined 12 extant medals (7 named), made plaster casts of all of those , and identified some documentation of 10 others (9 named). Dr. Mitchell also located 1 obverse and 4 reverse design dies in the South African Museum in Cape Town. The point that Dr. Mitchell makes on pp. 239-242 regarding the unnamed examples potentially being left blank simply because some of the CMR soldiers recognized may have been non-literate is a very valid inference. Clearly, this is still one of the most important pieces of scholarship on the Sir Harry Smith Medal for Gallantry. As the article is short, and a copy was available in my local university library, I think anyone interested in this medal also would enjoy the opportunity to read this detailed report. Reproduced in full below is the the article: Mitchell, F. K., 1955. Sir Harry Smith's Medal for Gallantry: 1955. African Notes and News (Africana Aantekeninge En Nuis), Vol XI, No. 7 (June 1955), pp. 236-242. Africana Society, Africana Museum, City of Johannesburg (printed by Cape Times Limited, Johannesburg): Plate 1 illustrates the named "J. HASSALL" medal that Dr. Mitchell personally owned. Because this issue of June 1955 is bound with all issues of Africana Notes and News 1953-1955, it is difficult to open the book fully without damaging the binding, and so part of the caption for this plate is obscured. The caption reads in full: "CAPE MOUNTED RIFLEMEN, KAFFIR WAR 1850." BY "H. M." I.E. HENRY MARTENS. By courtesy of the Curator of the Rifle Brigade and King's Royal Rifle Corps Regimental Museum, The Depot, Winchester, Hants." The above list on page 237 includes the Sir Harry Smith Medal in the Jardine Collection, mentioned in the first paragraph of page 14 of the document , The Story of the 1st Battalion Cape Corps: (1915-1919), by Captain Ivor Denis Difford, 1920, Hortors Limited, Bee Street, Cape Town that I posted in this thread on 17 March, and clarifies that Major William Jardine's example of this medal is unnamed. Obviously, from the lists on pp. 237-238 it is clear that most of the currently known named examples were identified by Dr. Mitchell's research and reported here in his 1955 article. The exceptions are: the Thos. Keiberg, Lt. E. Lister-Green, John Main, Girt Roots, and Capt Skead R.N. examples; in addition to the possible Sergeant Appolis Lieuw. medal. Mitchell also discusses on page 241 of this article the 2 names from the "Diary" of Genadendal and gives additional information about why he believes those individuals probably were awarded Sir Harry Smith Medals for Gallantry: Sergeant Major Johannes Tass and Sergeant Lodewyck Kleinhans (not: "Joannes Jass" or "Lodewijk Kleinhaus" as reported on page 14 of the Difford 1920, The Story of the 1st Battalion Cape Corps: (1915-1919) volume that I posted on 17 March. I mistakenly thought that Difford might have a correct spelling of their names as he was in South Africa and potentially more familiar with sources about this medal, and had a knee-jerk distrust of "information" I see on Wikipedia. The discussion here on page 241 of the "Diary" of Genadendal, the information from Rev L. R. Schmidt's research to track down the 2 medals mentioned, and the investigation of the Moravian Museum in Germany, adds much greater details to the brief information included on page 457 in the article "WAR MEDALS AND NOTES" in Seaby's Coin and Medal Bulletin of November, 1953, summarizing the information from the July 1953 Bulletin of the South African Numismatic Society sent by Dr. Mitchell about his ongoing research, that I posted at the end of my 13 March addition to this thread. Cover of the University of Utah copy of Africana Notes and News Vol XI, No. 7 (June 1955) on the R, and he back cover of Vol XI No.6, March 1955 (this is the same as appears on the back cover of the June 1955 issue), bound with other issues of the Africana Notes and News 1953-1955. Table of Contents for Africana Notes and News Vol XI, No. 7 (June 1955).
  10. I have just a note from 1851 about the designer of the Sir Harry Smith Medal for Gallantry 1851, Charles Davidson Bell. I was only previously acquainted with him for some of his watercolors of "Bushmen" (San) from his participation in 1834 at the age of 21, accompanying Dr. Andrew Smith for 2 years on the "Expedition for Exploring Central Africa" via Kuruman mission station to the Tropic of Capricorn in modern Botswana. Self-portrait of Charles Davidson Bell (1813-1882) in crayon (70 X 57 cm), painted c.1858, the William Fehr Collection. Bell was the Survey-General in the Cape, artist, heraldist (he designed the coat-of-arms of the South African College [now University of Cape Town], and the "three anchors" badge of the South African Mutual Life Assurance Society -"Old Mutual"- and both emblems are still in use, considered to be the oldest academic arms and corporate logo in South Africa), and designer of medals and stamps (designer of the Cape of Good Hope triangle stamp, issued 1853). From Wikipedia: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_Davidson_Bell#/media/File:Charles_Davidson_Bell05.jpg In 1851, Charles Davidson Bell designed the unofficial Sir Harry Smith Medal for Gallantry presented to the volunteer levies of the 8th Frontier War. The Cape Monitor of 25 April, 1851, recorded the occasion: "We have been favoured with an inspection of a design for a Silver Medal, intended to be presented by the Commander-in-Chief to the most meritorious of the Volunteer levies. The design, which has been drawn by Mr. Bell, the Surveyor General, at his Excellency's request, presents, on the face, the British Lion standing proudly, surmounted by a victorious wreath." (cited on pg. 18 of: Lipschitz, Michael Roy, 1992. The Charles Davidson Bell Heritage Trust Collection: A Catalogue and Critical Study, Vol 1. M.A.Thesis, Department of History and Art, University of Cape Town).
  11. The description of the ribbon for the Sir Harry Smith Medal for Gallantry 1851 on the top of pg. 15 of The Story of the 1st Battalion Cape Corps: (1915-1919), by Captain Ivor Denis Difford, 1920 (shown above in my post of 17 March) states that it was based on that of the Sutlej Medal. The Battle of Aliwal led by Sir Harry Smith, was the 2nd major battle of the Sutlej campaign, and was a great tactical success for Smith, resulting in several awards ("...a knighthood, a baronetcy, the award of the Grand Cross of the Bath, the formal thanks of both Houses of Parliament, of Wellington, [as Commander-in-Chief], the freedom of the cities of London and Glasgow and, in 1847, the honorary degree of LL.D. from the University of Cambridge..." from a lecture by Andrew L. Harrington, M.A. to the South African Military History Society in June, 1973, published as "Sir Harry Smith" in Military History Journal, Vol 3 [1], June 1974; availalbe on line at: http://samilitaryhistory.org/vol031ah.html). For that reason, Sir Harry Smith selected the same ribbon as that of the Sutlej Medal for his own privately instituted award for bravery following the siege of Fort Cox in December, 1850 at the beginning go the 8th Cape Frontier War. Below is an example of the Sutlej Medal exhibiting the same ribbon as employed for the Sir Harry Smith Medal for Gallanty 1851. High-resolution image of the Sutlej Medal from a 19 July, 2017 auction (Lot 835) by Dix Noonan Webb (https://www.dnw.co.uk/auction-archive/lot-archive/lot.php?lot_uid=295287). This medal is identified as having been awarded to Lieutenant Charles Abney Mouatt, of the 50th Regiment. The auction listing provides a short biographical synopsis of Lt. C. A. Mouatt as follows: "Charles Abney Mouatt was commissioned Ensign in the 50th Foot on 6 March 1840; Lieutenant, 16 September 1841. He served in the Gwalior campaign and was present at the battle of Punniar (Bronze star); in the Sutlej campaign including the battles of Moodkee, Ferozeshuhur, Aliwal and Sobraon. He was wounded at Ferozeshuhur and severely wounded at Moodkee (Medal with three clasps). He exchanged to the 24th Foot on 14 October 1851, and died at Rawalpindee, in the Punjab, on 11 October 1854." The same image of this medal and biography also is archived on the the salesroom website (https://www.the-saleroom.com/en-gb/auction-catalogues/dixnoonanwebb/catalogue-id-dix-no10037/lot-4378f051-94f0-4d3b-b7c8-a7a200bbc33a#lotDetails). This C. A. Mouatt is not the same individual mentioned in the The Wikipedia list of possible recipients of the Sir Harry Smith Medal for Gallantry 1851 as "J. Mouatt, C.M.R." The Forces-War-Records website (https://www.forces-war-records.co.uk/medals/sutlej-medal) describes the Sutlej Medal as follows: "The Sutlej Medal was a campaign medal instituted 17th April 1846, for issue to officers and the men of the British Army and Honourable East India Company who served in the Sutlej campaign of 11th December, 1845 to 9th March, 1846. This is also known as the First Anglo-Sikh War. The Sutlej Medal was the first campaign medal with bars to be given to both officers and men to denote soldiers who fought in the major battles. The first action of which the recipient took part was given in the exergue on the reverse of the medal, of which four types had to be issued. This was the first time this had been done in the case of a battle. The four different types contain the exergues of either (1) “MOODKEE 1845,” (2) “FEROZESHUHUR 1845,” (3) “ALIWAL 1846,” or (4) “SOBRAON 1846.” A solider that had been in every action received a medal with the exergue “MOODKEE 1845,” plus three bars, a soldier who had been engaged in only the last encounter received a medal with the exergue “SOBRAON 1846,” without bars. The First Anglo-Sikh War was caused by the unexpected invasion of the Punjab by the Sikh Army, which crossed the Sutlej on 11th December, 1845 to capture Ferozespore and Ludhiana. Commander-in-Chief Sir Hugh Gough’s Army was taken by surprise and was forced to march the distance of 150 miles to encounter the Sikh army, which outnumbered to British by five-to-one at Moodkee on 18th December, 1845. After very heavy fighting and large losses on both sides, the Sikh Army withdrew. On the 21st December, 1845, General Gough who was reinforced with two British battalions went to attack the main Sikh strong hold at Ferozeshuhur. Again there was a serve battle in which British forces lost one in six of their fighting force before the Sikhs were defeated. Then just a month later, another Sikh army crossed the border to the village Aliwal, on 28th January, 1846, where British forces commanded by Sir Harry Smith fought for three hours before the Sikh Army was routed. The 16th Lancers distinguished themselves in this battle by charging and breaking the enemy, losing over 100 men in the process. The last action of this campaign in the First Anglo-Sikh war was fought on 10th February, 1846 at Sobraon, where the Sikh Army entrenched themselves over two miles, with a forces of 34,000 men and 20,000 reserves. Though Sir Gough and his Army of Europeans and native troops fought well and the enemy fled in total disorder. After the Sikhs were defeated in four major battles and they final complied to sign a treaty at Lahore on 22nd February, 1846. Ribbon – Dark blue centre with crimson edges Type – Campaign medal Eligibility – British and Honourable East India Company forces. Awarded for – Campaign service. Campaign – Sutlej 1845-46. First Anglo-Sikh War. Established – 17th April, 1846 Designer – Wyon, R.A. Suspension – Ornate / An ornamental swivelling suspender. Naming – Indented in capital letter or light Roman skeleton lettering. Total Awarded – Not known. Clasps – Three Description – The obverse of this silver campaign medal is the diademed head of Queen Victoria with the legend “VICTORIA REGINA”, and similar to that of the First China War. The reverse of the medal is the standing figure of Victory, facing to the left. In her outstretched right arm she holds a wreath in her hand and an olive branch in her left. At her feet is a pile of captured war trophies. The legend “ARMY OF THE SUTLEJ” is written around the circumference. There are four different exergues which contain either of the following, (1) “MOODKEE 1845,” (2) “FEROZESHUHUR 1845,” (3) “ALIWAL 1846,” or (4) “SOBRAON 1846.” FEROZESHUHUR: 21st December – 22nd December, 1845. The Battle of Ferozeshah was fought on 21st December and 22nd December, 1845 between the British and the Sikhs, at the village of Ferozeshah in Punjab. The British were led by Sir Hugh Gough and Governor-General Sir Henry Hardinge, while the Sikhs were led by Lal Singh. The British emerged victorious, but the battle was one of the hardest-fought in the history of the British army. ALIWAL: 28th January 1846. The Battle of Aliwal was fought on 28th January 1846 between the British and the Sikhs. The British were led by Sir Harry Smith, while the Sikhs were led by Ranjodh Singh Majithia. The British won a victory which is sometimes regarded as the turning point of the First Anglo-Sikh War. SOBRAON: 10th February, 1846. The Battle of Sobraon was fought on 10th February 1846, between the forces of the British East India Company and the Sikh Khalsa Army, the army of the Sikh Empire of the Punjab. The Sikhs were completely defeated, making this the decisive battle of the First Anglo-Sikh War.
  12. Attached is a low-resolution image of a more recent restrike of a version the original 1917 US Department of State Special Agents' Division badge design. The blue enamel in the "US", the lettering of the banners, and between the outer margin of the lower scrolled shield and the inner margin of the banner with the inscription contrasts with the black enamel that is only within the "US" portion of the other example of a restrike badge that I illustrated in a high-resolution image on this thread as the 1st the photo in my post of 25 March, 2017. This restrike would normally be encased in lucite with a blue underlayer, but is one of the few examples not encased in lucite. I am expecting a higher-resolution image of this badge in the near future. I do not have a date for this restrike. The Dept. of State Diplomatic Security Service (DSS) is apparently re-issuing updated versions of this original badge design to agents for use on special occasions, probably later this year. I expect to be able to post a bit more information about this version the restrict shown above as well as the new versions of the original badge design in a few months. The DSS refers to this original design affectionately as the "Peanut Badge", the "Old Badge", the "Original Badge" or the "1916 Badge" to commemorate the 4 April, 1916 date of the founding of the Bureau of Secret Intelligence by Secretary of State Robert Lansing, under the direction of the Foreign Service Officer Leland Harrison, the organization that has become the modern Diplomatic Security Sevice. The original badge design was instituted under Joseph M. "Bill" Nye, who was made the Special Assistant to the Secretary of State in 1917 and later became the first Special Agent.
  13. Numis, most of what I've contributed is ground already quite familiar to you. I hope a couple of threads of this information may be useful to your research project's continued searches. My meagre information today identifies a few collectors who at one point owned 3 of the Sir Harry Smith Medals of Gallantry 1851, and below a couple identifications of recipients. This first collector's identification is probably known to you, I include it just to trace the ownership path of the John Keiberg medal. I was reviewing the online version of the catalogue for the 24 July, 2018 Spink auction (18002, Lot 236) that lists the John Keiberg medal on pp. 82-83 (https://d3ums4016ncdkp.cloudfront.net/auction/catalogue/18002/18002.pdf), not just the online Spink listing or the saleroom website archived listing. The catalog presents some of the collection from which that medal came. The Keiberg medal is from Spink's Part I sale of medals from the collection of Terry Sole, consisting of mid-late 19th century medals from colonial conflicts in southern Africa. Several collectors blogs alerted interested collectors to this sale in 2018. Supposedly the 2nd part of the collection was expected to be auctioned in November of 2018, but I have not yet seen that listing. None of the other medals in the Terry Sole collection listed by Spink include other awards to known recipients of the Sir Harry Smith Medal for Gallantry. The list of alleged recipients in my last email is apparently just copied from Wikipedia, not "taken from various sources" by the Online Medals Encyclopedia on their website. As noted below, the names of "Kleinhans" and "Tass" are spelled incorrectly in that Wikipedia list. There is a mention of the Sir Harry Smith Medal of Gallantry 1851 on pp. 14-15 of the publication The Story of the 1st Battalion Cape Corps: (1915-1919), by Captain Ivor Denis Difford, 1920, Hortors Limited, Bee Street, Cape Town, that names 2 individual recipients of this medal and it identifies two collectors who may have owned those medals. I found the digitized copy of this publication archived on the South African History Online website (https://www.sahistory.org.za). The portions of pp 14-15 below can be zoomed for easier reading. Image of the bottom portion of page 14 of The Story of the 1st Battalion Cape Corps: (1915-1919), by Captain Ivor Denis Difford, 1920, Hortors Limited, Bee Street, Cape Town, identifying the 2 collectors who owned 2 (named?) Sir Harry Smith Medals for Gallantry 1851 as Colonel Murray and Major William Jardine. This page illustrates the medal and the description also extend onto page 15 (From: https://www.sahistory.org.za/sites/default/files/difford_id_the_story_of_the_1st_cape_corps_1915_-_1919.pdf) The upper portion of page 15 of: The Story of the 1st Battalion Cape Corps: (1915-1919), by Captain Ivor Denis Difford, 1920, Hortors Limited, Bee Street, Cape Town. This continues the description of the medal and ribbon, then names the 2 recipients from the Genadendal records (probably the same archive source mentioned without the names from the Seaby's Coin and Medal Bulletin of November, 1953 I referenced own my post here of 13 March) as: Sergeant Lodewijk Kleinhaus (not "Lodewyck Kleinhans" as in the Wikipedia list repeated on several websites); and Sergeant Major Johannes Jass (not "Johannes Tass" as in the Wikipedia list). Although it is not explicitly stated, it appears likely that these 2 named Sir Harry Smith Medals for Gallantry were owned by the collectors named on page 14, however that is unclear.
  14. Above is a pretty good illustration of a Lattes-made 1st Class sash badge of the Order of Ismail attached to the sash. The angle of the photo leaves the 5:00 and 7:00 arms of the star unfocused, but the 12:00 arm is clear enough to see the engraving (the engraving on the 9:00 arm also is fairly visible). It shows the 3 pairs of lateral engraved marks (slightly uneven?) on the most distal flower with a single engraving mark in the central petal. The middle flowers have the 3 lateral marks and the single engraving mark in the longer and most medial petals of each flower. The other engraving cannot be evaluated for "elegance" in the quality of this image. However, the uneven paired marks in the most distal flower underscore some of the variations seen in this aspect of the execution of these pieces suggesting the employment of craftsmen of different skills attending to this aspect of the insignia design at Maison Lattes. The wreath design distribution of the gold laurel fruit dots, the shorter length & greater visibility of the leaf veins, and the the even and thick design of the gold and red enamel bands are consistent with other Lattes-made sash badges (in contrast with Bichay examples), and reiterates that the sash badge and all neck badges exhibit the same configuration. Although the image is partly unfocused, I wanted to add this example as photos of the Grand Cordon sash badges that show the design and execution differences are naturally less common (limited to 30 living recipients other than members of the Royal Family and foreigners outside of Egyptian Government service) than images of the 2nd Class Grand Officer neck badges (limited to 75 living recipients) and the much more common 3rd Class Commander neck badges (limited to 150 living recipients). See my post of 28 March, 2018 for a more detailed, if pedantic, treatment of variation visible in images of the sash and neck badges of this order. The decorative bow shows the common pinked edges. The image comes from Hassan Kamel-Kelisli-Morali, who only identifies it as a Lattes-made piece. Unfortunately he cannot recall the source of this photo.
  15. Probably this list is well-known to you, but I came cross it on the same site that had the images the obverse & reverse of the named medal for Lt. E. Lister-Green, Online Medals, that are posted as the 4th & 5th images on this thread on 30 January (http://www.onlinemedals.co.uk/medal-encyclopaedia/pre-ww1-medals/sir-harry-smith’s-medal-gallantry). Maybe they are useful for other folks interested in this thread or shaking some trees about these medals. At the end is a note about the Henry Evans medal. "Known Recipiants Of The Medal - Taken from various sources, the list below is a summary of those who are known (or reputed) to have recieved the medal. Medals known or reputed to have been named are as follows: Paul Arendt. Piet Jan Cornelis. R.S.M. William Richard Dakins. Thomas Dicks. Thomas Duncan. Sapper R. Dunning R.E. Henry Evans. Girt Roots David Faroe. Hendrick Ferara. Fundi. J. Hassall. John Keiburg. Lt. Edward Lister-Green. John Main. H. McKain. John McVarrie. Francis Meades C.M.R. J. Mouatt C.M.R. Capt. Skead R.N. Adrian Strauss. Medals known or reputed to have been issued are as follows: Sgt. Lodewyck Kleinhans. Sgt. Appolis Lieuw. Sgt. Maj. Johannes Tass." The Seaby's Coin and Medal Bulletin of July, 1953 (published by B. A. Seaby Ltd., 65, GT. Portland Street, London, W. 1) has a brief note about the Sir Harry Smith Medal for Gallantry 1851 awarded to Henry Evans of the Cape Mounted Rifles. It is identified as an element of a recently disperse collection of M. T. Kennard sold by Sotheby's in 1924 "by order of the then owner, Cora Countess of Strafford" in the article "WAR MEDAL NOTES AND NEWS, Edited by a collector who has no connection to this firm" on pages 290-291. The last medal identified in the list of those medals sold is "...and Sir Harry Smith’s medal to Henry Evans of the Cape Mounted Rifles." on page 291. This comes from the same source of available online documents (that can can be downloaded) at the Newman Numismatic Portal (NNP) at Washington University at St. Louis as noted above at the end of my last post (https://nnp.wustl.edu/library/book/555601?page=16).
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