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Rusty Greaves

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  1. One of the most illustrious Europeans to be awarded the Grand Cordon Class of the Order of Ismail is the Norwegian jurist Michael Hansson (1875-1944). Unfortunately, I have not found any photographs of him wearing this award, not any documentation regarding where this award currently resides. Hansson had a 25-year career on the Egyptian Mixed Courts and then worked with the Permanent Court of Arbitration at the Hague as well as other international arbitration commissions. Hansson received the1938 Nobel Peace Prize on behalf of the Nansen International Office for Refugees and presented the acceptance speech for the1938 Nobel Prize as the President of that organization from 1936-1938 (https://www.nobelprize.org/prizes/peace/1938/nansen/lecture/). Michael Hansson was appointed in 1907 to the District Court of Mansourah, transferred to the District Court of Alexandria in 1913, promoted to Conseiller (legal advisor) of the Mixed Court of Appeals in 1915, made vice-President of the Mixed Court of Appeals in 1924, and served as the President of the Court of Appeals from 1927 until his retirement from the Mixed Courts in 1931. I have posted 4 images of Hansson in his judicial regalia in the 6th-9th photos of my post on 18 April, 2019 that discusses the biographies of judges whose badges or photos of them in their regalia are useful in my research on the badges worn by the judges and some other officials of the Mixed Courts (see the thread “Egypt Khedival Judges’ Badge question” that I started on 17 November, 2016 here in the “Middle East & Arab States” section of the GMIC Forum). Hansson was a very well-respected jurist, and his promotion to the most prestigious position in the Egyptian Mixed Courts (President of the Appeals Court) is evidence of the esteem in which he was held by his peers. I do not have any photographs of Hansson wearing his Order of Ismail, and do not know the precise date of the award. Hansson had not yet received the Order of Ismail by 1926, his biography in the 50th Anniversary publication celebrating the Mixed Courts (Les Juridictions Mixtes d'Égypte 1876-1926: Livre d'or Édité sous le Patronage du Conseil de l’Ordre des Avocats á l’Occasion du Cinquantenaire des Tribunaux de la Réforme, par le :journal des Tribunaux Mixtes. Alexandrie, Egypte, Février 1926, on page v of the appendix listing the personnel of the Appeals Court) makes no mention of theses honors. Hansson also was awarded the Grand Cordon Class of the Order of the Nile, but I do not know the date of that award. Jasper Yeates Brinton wrote in his memoir of his time serving on the Mixed Courts (and eventually as the President of the Appeals Court from 1943-1948) that honors from the Egyptian throne to judges of the Court often were not awarded until after their retirement, to avoid any appearance of biased influence during their term on the bench (pg 87 of Brinton, Jasper Yeates, The Mixed Courts of Egypt, 1930. Yale University Press, New Haven). This practice may not have been entirely exclusive of some individuals receiving ranks and honors from the Egyptian King, however it does appear to be so in relation to Hansson’s receipt of the Grand Cordon of the Order of Ismail. Hansson had a sterling reputation both for his legal acumen and professional behavior that is consistent with not accepting any distinctions from the Egyptian Government while serving on the courts. I can find no evidence that he received his Order of Ismail honor prior to 1931. Hansson also received the Norwegian Knight 1st Class of the Order of St. Olav in 1915, and the 2nd Class Commander of this Order in 1926, and was a Commander of the Swedish Order of the Polar Star (date unspecified). Photograph of Michael Hansson taken in 1912 showing him in his judicial regalia (stamboulin coat with a red sash with the gold & silver judicial badge of a District Court, and maroon tarbush) at the time he served on the District Court of Mansourah. I posted this image as the 6th photo in my post of 18 April, 2019 on the GMIC thread addressing research on the judicial badge of the Mixed Courts, referenced above. This photo is from the Norwegian biographical website Norske Biografisk Leksikon of the Store Norske Leksikon (https://nbl.snl.no/Michael_Hansson) and is the 2nd photographic plate in Hansson's posthumous autobiography: Hansson, Michael, 1946. 25 År I Egypt, Forlagt Av H. Aschehoug & Co., Oslo, opposite page 17. Photo of Michael Hansson (L) accepting the 1938 Nobel Peace Prize in Oslo on behalf of the Nansen International Office for Refugees from Frederik Stang (R), Chairman of the Nobel Committee on December 10, 1938. Captions of this photo do not unambiguously identify which man is Hansson. Although both men look similar in this photo, other photos of each man show that Stang parted his hair on the left and Hansson parted his hair on the right. Additionally, the photo is supposed to document Hansson receiving the award for the Nansen International Office for Refugees, so I believe I have correctly identified their positions in this photo. (From: https://evian1938.de/en/norway/?a=2&d=0&o=0)
  2. I have some doubts about the alleged award date of 1930 for the Archer Grand Cordon Order of Ismail noted above. Although the Palace Green Library Special Collections in the Durham University Library’s Sudan Collection. (GB-0033 SAD. 430/7/6) identifies the award date as 26 March, 1930 in the “Catalogue of the Papers of G. F. Archer”, I think this date is problematic. Archer resigned under duress in 1926. The above portrait of Archer from the Sudan collection (GB-0033 SAD. 1/11/4) is used as the first plate of Archer's autobiography Personal and Historical Memoirs of an East African Administrator, 1963, Oliver & Boyd, Ltd. Edinburgh. Archer titled the image “The Author as Governor-General of the Sudan”. As Archer was forced to resign in 1926, this raised question about the date associated with the brevet for his Order of Ismail as 26 March, 1930. It is certainly conceivable that King Fuad I may have awarded Archer the Order of Ismail after his term as Governor-General. However, it seems unlikely that Archer would pose in the official uniform of Governor-General 4 year after his resignation (and despite the acrimonious attitudes of many British administrators about Archer’s meeting with Sayyid Abd el-Rahman al Mahdi that precipitated his resignation, although historically his position about al-Mahdi proved to be prescient). I believe there is a good chance that the 1930 date in the catalogued information for the brevet may be incorrect. Archer’s forced resignation was considered a disgrace, and I would be surprised if he could have posed for this portrait, and titled it “The Author as Governor-General of the Sudan” in his autobiography, wearing his uniform and this award after that unpleasant event. I am corresponding with the Archivist of the Sudan Collection to see if this question can be resolved. I also wish to add the above image of another example of the 'Mon J. LATTES, Le Caire" label inside a medal case that is identical to that shown in the 2nd photo of my first post of 21 October, 2019 on this thread (although the above image is much higher resolution than that shown on 21 October) from a past eBay auction archived on the Worthpoint.com website for a 2nd Class Silver Egyptian Devotion to Duty medal. The above interior case lid is illustrated in an October 2019 auction listing (Lot 855) on the Saleroom website (https://www.the-saleroom.com/en-gb/auction-catalogues/arthur-johnson-and-sons-auctioneers/catalogue-id-ibart10723/lot-f891320e-5a2e-40be-b3f5-aada00f02ed1) for a 2nd Class silver Egyptian Medal for Meritorious Action. The auction description does not identify the medal, but shows illustrations of the obverse, reverse (both showing a purple ribbon), an illusion of the interior case lid (cropped in the above photo), and the exterior of the case showing the cipher of King Fuad I. Other than dating prior to 1936, there is no additional information to try and situate the temporal use of this form of Lattes' interior case marking. The other similar J. Lattes marking shown in my post of 21 October is not associated with any reliable dating information.
  3. I have a few diverse contributions in this post, principally identifying some advertisements for manufacturers of the Mixed Courts' judicial badges. I want to begin with another portrait of Judge Pierre Crabitès during his tenure on the Cairo District Courts. I have finally come up with an additional mention of Laurencin & Cie. who is identified as the manufacturer of one judicial badge shown in a November 2012 auction by La Galerie Numismatique (Lot 323) that is archived on the sixbid.com website (I illustrated this badge in 3rd-to-last image in my post of 28 February, 2019 on this thread). I have found no other information about Laurencin other than this auction mention until I came across the advertising for a well known Cairo Jeweler, Adolphe L. Kramer, identifying Laurencin & Cie. as an agent of his business. I do not know if this means that the Laurencin & Cie. badge identified in the 2012 La Galerie Numismatique auction may have been made by Kramer or by Laurencin. A portrait of Judge Pierre Crabitès from 1930 or earlier used in a plate showing three American judges of the Egyptian Mixed Courts from: Brinton, Jasper Yeates, 1930. The Mixed Courts of Egypt. Yale University Press, New Haven, opposite page 300. An advertisement for Rudolf Stobbe from The Sphinx Vol 13, No. 189, 20 January, 1906, (Societe Orientale de Publicite), page 33 (from the American University of Cairo digital Collections: http://digitalcollections.aucegypt.edu/cdm/ref/collection/sphinx/id/620/). Compare this advertisement with the 3 that I included as the 3rd, 4th, and 5th images of my post of 24 September, 2019 on this thread. Advertisement for the well-known jeweler in Alexandria L. Kramer that identifies Laurencin & Co. as an agent of this jeweler. Laurencin & Cie. is identified as having a shop on rue Chèrif Pacha in Alexandria, the same street where two other manufacturers of Mixed Court judicial badges had their shops (W. Horowitz and Zivy Frères & Cie.). Kramer is one of the most commonly identified jewelers of Cairo in advertising and guide book listings from the early 20th century. From: The Sphinx, Vol 26, No. 422, 29 March, 1919, (Societe Orientale de Publicite), page 3 (from the American University of Cairo digital Collections: http://digitalcollections.aucegypt.edu/cdm/ref/collection/sphinx/id/3763/). I have found only one Mixed Court magistrate's badge that is identified as having been "made" by Laurencin & Cie., from a November 2012 auction by La Galerie Numismatique (Lot 323) that is archived on the sixbid.com website (https://www.sixbid.com/browse.html?auction=515&category=11656&lot=539484). The auction listing identifies the cased badge as being in a case marked “M. Laurencin & Cie, Alexandrie, Egypte”. No photographs are included to determine whether other maker's marks are present of the reverse of the badge nor of the Laurencin & Cie. name in the case for this badge. I included the one photograph from this auction listing as the 3rd-to-last image in my post of 28 February, 2019 on this thread, in a discussion of hallmarks and the different manufacturers identified for these Mixed Court badges. An advertisement for L. Kramer on the same page as the above advert for Kramer as a watchmaker in The Sphinx, Vol 26, No. 422, 29 March, 1919, (Societe Orientale de Publicite), page 3 (from the American University of Cairo digital Collections: http://digitalcollections.aucegypt.edu/cdm/ref/collection/sphinx/id/3763/). Advertisement for the Kramer workshop are one of the most common identified in a range of early 20th century online documents about Egypt. Adolphe L. Kramer is identified in the 1943 edition of Le Mondain Egyptienne: The Egyptian Who's Who: L'Annuaire de l'Elite d'Egypte, F. E. Noury & Fils., Le Caire on page 165 as a jeweler located at 6 rue Malek el-Afdal, Zamalek, Cairo who started his business there in 1893. Kramer appears to have had several shop locations for selling watches and possibly jewelry other than the rue Malek el-Afdal location as well. In this advertisement, his business is identified in the Muski market region on the same street where the J. Lattes business was located at address of J. Lattes shop as "Sharia el-Manâkh 30" (see my post of 24 April, 2019 on the thread "Question about the Order of Ismail/Nishan al-Ismail" in the section here on "Middle East & Arab States"). Kramer is identified in that listing as having been awarded the British War medal and Victory medal with an MiD. A Zivy Frères & Cie. advertisement for a manufacturer I have seen identified for only one example of the Mixed Courts' judges' badges. This advertisement is identified as from 1918. See my discussion of this manufacturer in my post of 24 April, 2019 on this thread that a business card and an advertisement for Zivy Frères & Cie. in the 7th and 8th images in that post. Of interest, the above advertisement identifies the date of the establishment of Zivy Frères & Cie. as 1863, something not seen in the materials I posted on 24 April. The above advertisement is from the www.925-1000.com website, in the the Middle East Trade section (http://925-1000.com/forum/viewtopic.php?t=53896#p171422). Jules Cesar Zivy, who may be one of the Zivy brothers, is credited with founding the Le Nil Masonic lodges in Alexandria. Another advertisement for Zivy Frères & Cie. from a 1911 guidebook to Alexandria: A Few Lines About Alexandria: Its Climate, Antiquities, Beauties and Monuments, 1911. Issued by the Municipality of Alexandria, Egypt. Whitehead, Morris & Co. Ltd. Alexandria. (http://www.cealex.org/sitecealex/diffusion/etud_anc_alex/LVR_000039_w.pdf)
  4. Chris, I heard back from Doga Ozturk and he sent me his paper's text for the presentation at the 2019 MESA meeting. He is a Ph.D. candidate in Middle East History. I have directed him to the GMIC website, encouraged him to join and peruse the Forums here. I expect we may hear from him soon.
  5. Chris, thanks for the heads up on this paper. I tried to arrange some work I am doing in southern Louisiana to coincide with the meeting and try to attend or meet Mr. Ozturk. I could not schedule that trip to overlap with the meeting, but have written him and will report back to GMIC should I get a copy of his paper.
  6. Over the American holiday of Thanksgiving I was visiting a member of my wife's family interested in the Crabitès family history, and he has found the judicial badge worn by Pierre Crabitès (1877-1943) during his time on the District Court of Cairo (1911-1936). He also has found a number of interesting papers and other photographs of Pierre Crabitès, including one taken by someone probably in the US Dept of State of his grave in the British Christian Cemetery in Baghdad, where he died on assignment in 1943. At the graveside service, the Egyptian chargé d’affaires placed a wreath on Crabitès' grave on behalf of King Farouk I. I suspected the family could not have lost Crabitès' magistrate's badge and have shown several family members images of what it looks like, but it has taken 3 years for someone to have the time to start digging through old trunks and boxes over the last year. I am happy to finally be able to include below some photographs of Judge Crabitès' judicial badge. I do apologize for problems with the quality of the photos below. My struggles with the borrowed camera and the unfamiliar setting are probably just my ham-handedness, although I took these before the festivities got too deep into the Thanksgiving offerings of ales, wines, bourbon, and liqueurs...These images can be zoomed to see greater detail. The cased judicial badge of Pierre Crabitès. The inscription on the interior lid identifies the manufacturer as Rudolf Stobbe of Alexandria. Obverse of the Pierre Crabitès judicial badge. The badge measures 114 mm tall X 85 mm wide. It is silver, with gold gilt on the rayed basal embellishment, on the star and its rays above the central tablet with the inscription, on the central tablet, and probably on the tasseled cords tying the upper corners of the mantle. The gilding on the tablet is quite worn from 25 years of use. There appears to be no gilding of the fringe of the mantle as on other examples (see descriptions and references to other images on this thread below). It is unclear whether there may be gold on the 2 tughs that cross behind the central tablet showing horsetails and the hand of justice on the tugh on the L and the crescent on the finial of the tugh on the R. I have only come across a couple additional examples of the gold & silver District Courts' badges. As noted in this thread, the silver magistrates' badges more commonly appear on auction sites probably because not only were they used by the Parquet, but by a number of court officials such as registrars, clerks, and possibly some lawyers. Interestingly, there appears to be a fair bit of variation in which portions of the District Courts' badges were ornamented in gold across the few images I can find showing them. There seems to be differences even between examples of District Court badges made by the same manufacturer. I wonder if the silver badges were the basic construction for most of these, and gilding of the District Courts' badges (and the Appeals Court?) might have been done as needed from the available silver badge stock, resulting in situational difference in which portions of the badge design were gilt? I have illustrated the obverse of one other gold & silver District Court Badge made by Stobbe in 2 previous posts on this thread (in the 1st photo of my initial post of 17 November, 2016; and the 1st photo of my post of 4 April, 2017 [correcting an erroneous attribution of the badge to the Appeals Court], all are high-resolution images). That badge is from a December 2014 auction listing by Baldwin's (Lot 844), archived on the Saleroom.com website That Stobbe-made badge shows gilding of the princely crown, the exterior of the mantle (including the tasseled cords tying the upper corners of the mantle and the inferior fringe of the mantle), the star above the central tablet (but not the rays around it), but no gilding is present on the central tablet with its enamel inscription. The District Court badge attributed to Joseph Timmermans from a 2014 auction by Jean Elsen & see Fils, archived on the acsearch.info website is illustrated in the 1st photo (high resolution) of my post of 31 October, 2018 on this thread, and in the 10th photo on the post of 18 April, 2019 discussing Timmerman's career. This badge was made by Froment-Meurice and shows gold ornamentation of the rayed embellishment of the badge, the princely crown, the star above the central tablet, the portion representing the exterior of the mantle where it has the embroidery design and fringe sections of the mantle margins, the tasseled cords at the upper corners of the mantle, the horsetails & finials of the 2 tughs at each upper corner of the central tablet (and probably their lower, proximal ends), the laurel branch on the R of the central tablet and the oak branch on the L of the tablet, and the central medallion of the Order of Medjidie ornament at the center of the inferior portion of the badge. The Timmerman badge shows the greatest amount of gold ornamentation of different elements of the badge design of any available photos of District Court badges. I illustrated a badge from a Spink & Son auction in December 2017 (archived on the-salesroom.com website) in the photo (high resolution) on my post of 6 December, 2017 on this thread that appears may be a District Court badge as well. The manufacturer of this badge is not identified in the auction listing, although the undescribed "pawnbroker's mark" stated to be on the reverse may actually be the maker's hallmark. As noted in my 6 December post, a staff member from medals division of Spink & Son could not confirm whether there was gold on parts of the the obverse design of this badge. It appears to have gold ornamentation of the rayed embellishment, the princely crown, the star above the central tablet and the rays around the star, the tasseled cords tying the upper corners of the mantle, the fringe at the margins of the mantle, probably on the horsetails and finials of the two tughs (as well as their proximal ends of the tughs), and probably at least part of the Order of Medjidie design at the inferior margin of the badge. I Illustrated a close-up of the tablet of this badge in the 6th photo of my post of 17 October, 2018 on this thread that shows details of the gilding of the star above the tablet and the rays surrounding it, possibly on the tasseled cord (although the portion visible appears quite worn), the horsetails, finials, and proximal shafts of the tughs, and the fringe of the mantle. Additionally, the painted portrait of a judge of the District Courts that Egyptian Zogist contributed to this thread in the 2nd photo of his post of 23 November, 2016 (and that I included as the 5th photo in my post of 1 April, 2019, with a probable identification of the sitter as likely the Swiss District Court Judge of Alexandria and Cairo, and later the president of the Cairo Court, Raoul Houriet) that shows gold ornamentation of parts of the badge. Although this is not a photograph, elements of this portrait are shown in realistic detail and may provide an accurate depiction of the gold and silver design scheme on this badge. The portrait shows gold ornamentation on the rayed embellishment, the princely crown, the star and rays above the central tablet, the central tablet with its inscription, the two tugs, the tasseled cord tying the corners of the mantle, the fringe of the mantle, and the entirely of eh Order of Medjidie at the inferior margin of the badge. The photographic portrait of Pierre Crabitès from 1911 that I posted as the 2nd photo in my post of 14 November, 2018 on this thread appears to show some of areas of his badge that may have been gilt: the rayed embellishment, the star above the tablet and rays emanating from it, the central tablet with the inscription. I am posting that portrait again below for comparison with the badge in the above photo. Inscription on the reverse of the Crabitès judicial badge. No manufacturer's marks of Rudolf Stobbe are present on the reverse, and there are no hallmarks that could identify the Egyptian assay purity or the year of manufacture. There are no hallmarks on the tunic pin. The vanity inscription was done after receipt by Crabitès and reads: " PIERRE CRABITÈS, LE CAIRE, LE 19 JUIN 1911". The "Le Caire" identifies Crabitès assignment to the District Court of Cairo. "Le 19 juin 1911" appears to indicate the date of his assuming his judgeship. The Les Juridictions Mixtes d'Égypte 1876-1926: Livre d'or Édité sous le Patronage du Conseil de l’Ordre des Avocats á l’Occasion du Cinquantenaire des Tribunaux de la Réforme, par le: Journal des Tribunaux Mixtes. Alexandrie, Egypte, Février 1926 volume identifies the date when he was named to the Cairo court as 8 June, 1911 in the Appendix I listing on page xi of judges on the "Tribunaux de Première Instance" from the United States. Apparently, there was conflict between the US government and Great Britain over Crabitès nomination to the Egyptian government that was only resolved probably on the 19 June, 1911 date (US State Department Document 883.05/49: From Peter A. Jay, Agent and Consul-General in Cairo, to the Secretary of State in Washington D.C. 20 June 1911). Portrait of Judge Pierre Crabitès in 1911, at the age of 34, after being appointed to the District Court of Cairo where he served until retiring in 1936. It shows him wearing the silver and gold badge shown above on the red sash over the black stambouline coat, and with his maroon tarbush (I previously included this portrait as the 2nd photo in my post of 14 November, 2018 on this thread) . Inscription on the inside of the upper lid of the case for the Crabitès badge identifying Rudolf Stobbe as the manufacturer of this badge from 1911. The inscription reads: "R. STOBBE, Joaillier, ALEXANDRIE, L'EGYPTE" ("Joaillier"="jewelery" in English). The lining of the upper lid is a cream-colored satin. This is the only image I have found thus far of the Stobbe name printed inside a case for a judicial badge. Note the French spelling of "Alexandrie", in contrast with at least 2 examples of badges with Stobbe hallmarks on the reverse that use the English spelling of "Alexandria", shown in the 1st two photos of my post of 24 September, 2019 on this thread. . Exterior of the uppper lid of the case for the Crabitès judicial badge. The case is wood with the satin lining of the inner lid and a red velvet lining of the medal bed. The case's outer dimensions are 153 mm long x 112 mm wide x 31 mm deep. The upper lid and lower base are wrapped in a red paper covering with a plain, unembellished push release catch. The hinge (paper connecting the medal bed to the upper lid and covered with the satin lining of the upper lid) is broken on this case. The red velvet-lined medal bed of the Stobbe case for the Crabitès judicial badge. The bed is slightly raised at the end nearest the upper case lid, elevating the superior portion the badge slightly as it rests on the bed. The cutout for the tunic pin is visible. This configuration appears very similar to the case interior illustrated in the 5th photo of my post of 1 December, 2018 on this thread, showing the medal bed without the badge for a Horovitz-made judicial badge (with a black exterior and cream colored satin upper lid and cream-colored velvet on the medal bed) from a January 2019 eBay auction. I also have illustrated cases for a gold Appeals Court badge (from a past Flickr posting, no longer online) by an unidentified manufacturer in the 4th image of my post of 24 March, 2017 on this thread (showing a red [velvet?] medal bed and possibly gold-yellow interior satin of the upper lid and of part of the lower case compartment for the medal bed, probably with a dark [black?] exterior); a case for a silver Froment-Meurice badge from an eBay auction (archived on the worthpoint.com website) attributed to the Greek Judge Apostolo N. Gennaropoulo (he may also have been a member of the Parquet, a registrar, or some other official?) in the 9th photo on that same post of 24 March, 2017 (showing a black exterior and maroon satin on the inner portion of the upper lid and a medal bed of maroon velvet); the case of a silver badge made by Froment-Meurice in the 5th photo of my post of 23 July, 2018 from a June 2018 eMedals auction; the case of a Froment-Meurice judicial badge from from a 2015 auction by Clark Auction Gallery in Larchmont, NY, USA (archived on the the LiveAuctioneers website) that I illustrated in my post of 22 January, 2019 on this thread that includes 2 photos of the probable owner (possibly a member of the Parquet or another court official, but probably not a judge) along with an unidentified "Egyptian medal (the case exterior for the magistrate's badge is dark blue and the interior satin of the upper lid and velvet of the medal bed are turquoise blue); and in the 3rd-to-last photo of my post of 28 February, 2019 on this thread showing a silver badge attributed to M. Laurencin & Cie. (whose exterior is black with gold embellishments along the margin at least of the upper lid, dark blue satin inside the upper lid, and a black [velvet?] medal bed). Underside of the case for the Crabitès badge. His surname is written on the paper covering, and 2 cloth tape pieces are pasted on the upper an lower margins of the case, both read "17". I do not know what this number refers to in relation to Crabitès appointment. The Crabitès family member who found the badge, photos, and other documents also came across Judge Crabitès' gavel and sound block from his service on the Cairo District Court, illustrated above. I do not know what wood the gavel is made from, but the sound block is ebony. Inscription on a piece of cloth tape affixed to the underside of the Crabitès ebony sound block. It reads: "1923, 440 VOLS". I am uncertain what the 440 "vols (?)" may refer to in this note. 1923 was eventful year in Cairo as the first full season of excavation of the tomb of Tutankhamen, which involved Crabitès in the following year (1924). Crabitès was one of the first persons to learn of the discovery of Tutankhamen's tomb by Howard Carter while he was breakfasting with General McEwing, who intercepted the first communication from Carter to his sponsor in Britain, Lord Carnarvon about the discovery. Crabitès presided over Howard Carter's suit against the Egyptian government (February-March 1924) over tourist visitation to the tomb, an acrimonious and very public feud fueled by British sentiments of autonomy about their actions in Egypt conflicting with nationalist feelings of the Egyptians seeing the conflict as an example of colonial overreach by the British excavators and press. A photograph of Judge Pierre Crabitès at the age of 58 visiting his granddaughters in New Orleans, Louisiana in August, 1935 (the year before he retired from the District Court in Cairo). The girl on the left is my mother-in-law Petie and her late sister Frederica is on the right. Pierre Crabitès was affectionately known to these girls as "Abu" (part of a teknonym [kunya in Arabic] meaning "father of", so technically he should have been called "Abu Henry"; the women also referred to their grandmother Charlotte Crabitès throughout their lives with the equally incomplete kunya "Ummi", meaning "mother of"). This photo is in the family and a copy was in the photographic morgue of the New Orleans Times-Picayune, used in a couple of society page stories.
  7. I recently came across an archived auction listing from 2013 for a named set of the Order of Ismail attributed to Sir Geoffrey Francis Archer. This auction included the neck badge and breast star of the Knight Commander of the Order of St. Michael and St. George, what the auction listing incorrectly described as the cased set of the 2nd Class Grand Officer neck badge and breast star of the Order of Ismail, and a ribbon bar that includes: the KCMG; the African General Service Medal; the George V Silver Jubilee Medal 1935; the Egyptian Order of Ismail; and the Ethiopian Order of the Star ribbons. All of these awards are attributed to Sir Geoffrey Archer. This auction listing is Lot 895 from 20 March, 2013 archived on the Toovey’s Antiques & Fine Art Auctioneers & Valuers website (https://www.tooveys.com/lots/232439/the-awards-bestowed-upon-sir-geoffrey-archer/). Sir Geoffrey Francis Archer (1882-1964) was a British administrator in Somaliland, Uganda, and the Sudan. He is best known as the Governor of British Somaliland between 1913-1922 and is credited with a controversial plan to use the RAF airpower against Mohammed Abdullah Hassan (the “Mad Mullah”) following four unsuccessful ground campaigns. In January 1920, Archer’s plan successfully broke the Mullah’s forces' resistance to the British and resulted in victorious ground campaigns against the “Dervish” State forces. Archer was appointed Knight Commander of the Order of St. Michael and St. George on 3 June, 1920. Wikipedia and other derivative and secondary sources report the award date as 5 June, 1920. However, the description of the brevet for this award in the Sudan Archives' (GB-0033 SAD) “Catalogue of the Papers of G. F. Archer” at the Palace Green Library Special Collections in the Durham University Library’s Sudan Collection (GB-0033 SAD. 490 1/42) identifies the date as 3 June. Subsequently, Archer served as the Governor of Uganda (1922-1925), and then as Governor General of Sudan from January 1925-July 1926, in the wake of the assassination of Archer’s predecessor Sir Lee Stack. His tenure in the Sudan was controversial with the British colonial interests. First, it was unusual for a non-military man to take on such a position and he appears to have been viewed as an outsider in his role as Governor. Archer assumed his governorship of Sudan at a time of significant British conflict with Egypt over emergent nationalist movements and controversy about the status of the Sudan, as well as problems within the Sudan. The British had severely suppressed what they viewed as a mutinous allegiance of one Sudanese battalion with the Egyptian King Fuad I and their refusal to obey British Orders. Archer tried to support some of the Sudanese officers who had not participated in that mutiny. This attitude and especially his meeting with the leader of the Mahdist Ansar movement of Sayyid Abd el-Rahman al Mahdi and promised future relationship between the British with the Mahdi was seen as highly problematic by the administration of the British High Commissioner for Egypt and the Sudan. The unpopularity of any rapprochement with the Ansar rebels, and that Sayyid was the son of the Mahdi whose forces were responsible for the publicity nightmare in Britain of Major-General Charles George Gordon’s killing in Khartoum in 1885 was clearly an embarrassment to the British and Archer’s actions were seen as a reversal of their policy in the region. Consequently, Archer was forced to resign, and this was the end of his administrative career. He subsequently worked in business in India and then retired to the south of France where he died in 1964. Archer also is remembered as an avid ornithologist, hunter, and outdoorsman who made several contributions to the ornithology of East Africa in bird classification, breeding, and migratory behaviors. Information about Sir Geoffrey Archer is readily available on several online sources. I initially thought that perhaps his sympathy for the Sudanese forces who had wished to remain loyal to the Egyptian King might have been the reason that his service in Sudan earned him the attention of King Fuad I and resulted in his being awarded the Order of Ismail. However, I have been unable to find any historical documentation linking his work there directly to the honor from King Fuad I. Subsequently, I found images of his 2 successors as Governors of the Sudan, Sir John Loader Maffey (later Lord Rugby) and Sir George Stewart Symes both wearing the 1st Class Grand Cordon of the Order of Ismail in several official portrait photographs. I currently think that each of these Governors of the Sudan have been decorated by King Fuad I (and possibly by King Farouk I) particularly because of the conflict between the Egyptians and the British over the Egyptian position that the Sudan was a part of Egypt and British strategies that allowed them to rule the Sudan. The Order of Ismail attributed to Sir Geoffrey Francis Archer and identified in the Toovey’s auction description incorrectly as the 2nd Class Grand Officer neck badge and breast star. The auction description identifies this Order of Ismail as made by Lattes. There is no additional information in the auction description, and no images are provided of the case nor any neck ribbon for this award. The brevet for this award is archived in the Palace Green Library Special Collections(GB-0033 SAD) in the Durham University Library’s Sudan Collection. The “Catalogue of the Papers of G. F. Archer” (http://endure.dur.ac.uk:8080/fedora/get/UkDhU:EADCatalogue.0518/PDF) identifies the brevet in section “2. Personal Papers (ii) Honours and Decorations” (GB-0033 SAD. 430/7/6). The description gives the award date as 26 March, 1930. This catalogue entry identifies this as the “Grand Cross” Class of this award. Because that term can be ambiguous, and because of the contrast with the Toovey’s listing, I contacted the Palace Green Library Special Collections at Durham University to clarify the class of this award. Correspondence with the Sudan Collection's Archivist identified that this is the 1st Class Grand Cordon Class of this award. Additionally, I came across a photo of Sir Geoffrey Archer wearing the sash and breast star of the Order of Ismail, and later confirmed with the Sudan Archive at Durham University Library that they are the source curating this image. Although this medal, and the others in this auction of Toovey's Lot 895 sold in 2013 are attributed to Sir Geoffrey Archer, the identification of the class of the Order of Ismail award is incorrect. I do not know if they did not distinguish between a neck ribbon and a sash, or if the measurement of the breast star could partially resolve the class of this award (see caption on the next photo below). The auction listing's identification of the ribbon bar with 5 awards includes his KCMG, the Order of Ismail, and the African General Service Medal, shown in the two portrait photos below. As noted above, the listing also identified the ribbons for George V Silver Jubilee Medal 1935 and the Ethiopian Order of the Star ribbons on that same bar, which I have not seen on any portrait of Archer and no information on these medals is in the Sudan Archive of the University of Durham Library online catalogue records in section “2. Personal Papers (ii) Honours and Decorations of the Papers of G. F. Archer". Full photographic image associated with the Toovey’s Antiques & Fine Art Auctioneers & Valuers 2013 auction listing showing the neck badge and breast star of Sir Geoffrey Francis Archer’s Knight Commander of the Order of St. Michael and St. George on the left and the Order of Ismail on the right. The size of the breast star of the Order of Ismail appears to be approximately the same as the KCMG breast star. The KCMG breast star is usually identified as 82 mm in diameter; the 1st Class Order of Ismail breast star is usually reported as 80-82 mm in diameter; and the 2nd Class breast star is consistently identified as 70 mm in diameter. If this photograph was taken of both awards in the same exposure (likely), and they are both shown at the same scale, then it would be evident the breast star of the Order of Ismail is most likely ~80 mm in diameter, identifying it as the Grand Cordon Class, consistent with the information that Archer was awarded the 1st Class of the Order of Ismail and as seen in the 2nd portrait photo shown below. The above portrait photo is the most commonly reproduced image of Sir Geoffrey Francis Archer in his dress uniform for the Governor-Generalship of the Sudan. It shows him wearing the neck badge and breast star of the Knight Commander of the Order of St. Michael and St. George and what is probably the Africa General Service Medal (1913-1920). This fairly high-resolution version of the portrait is from David Valenzuela’s flickr photostream (https://www.flickr.com/photos/target_man_2000/34752817902/in/photostream/). I have found one source for a high-resolution portrait of Sir Geoffrey Archer wearing his Order of Ismail regalia, and have reproduced a moderate resolution copy of that image below. A moderate resolution version of the portrait of Sir Geoffrey Archer in his dress uniform as the Governor-General of the Sudan wearing the Grand Cordon Class of the Order of Ismail. This image is copyrighted by the Palace Green Library Special Collections of the Durham University Library’s Sudan Collection, and is the only portrait I have found showing Archer wearing the Order of Ismail. This same image is reproduced as a low-resolution photo in the upper right plate on page 314 of Martin W. Daly’s 1986 book: Empire on the Nile: The Anglo-Egyptian Sudan 1898-1934. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. This portrait shows him wearing the KCMG neck badge and breast star, probably the same African General Service Medal (the thin green stripes of the ribbon on the Africa General Service Medal are more apparent of this image), and the breast star of the Order of Ismail in addition to a sash of the Order of Ismail. The black & white photo shows a light gray center and darker stripes at the margin, and there is a sash badge visible in this image that appears to be the sash badge of the Order of Ismail. The color configuration does not match the sash for the KCMG which has a broad central stripe of red against a blue background. During correspondence with the Archivist for the Sudan Collection, he identified their higher-resolution original of this portrait as GB-0033 SAD. 1/11/4. This number does not appear in the online catalogue of the Papers of G. F. Archer because it is a duplicate of one of the loose photographs associated with his time in the Sudan SAD. 22/3/1, that is listed in the catalogue for this collection. No date is associated with the collection information for this photograph, however the archivist has now included a note that it must post-date 1930 when Archer received the Order of Ismail from King Fuad I. The portrait clearly shows the sash badge of the Order of Ismail, and the black & white hues of the sash are similar to those shown below in photographs of Sir Geoffrey Archer’s successors in the Governorship of the Sudan, Sir John Loader Maffey and Sir George Stewart Symes. Those portraits do not show the sash badge of the Order of Ismail, although both individuals also wear the breast badge and the what appears to be the sash for the 1st Class Grand Cordon of this Order. Portrait of Sir John Loader Maffey, 1st Baron Rugby (GCMG. KCB, KCVO, CSI, CIE) in the same dress uniform of the Governor General of Sudan as shown above for Sir Geoffrey Francis Archer. The portrait shows the breast star and sash of the 1st Class Grand Cordon of the Order of Ismail. I have not found any information about the award date of his Order of Ismail. The above version of this portrait comes from Wikipedia (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Maffey,_1st_Baron_Rugby#/media/File:Lord_Rugby.jpg), but, as noted below, a high resolution version can be seen on the National Portrait Gallery website. Following Sir Geoffrey Archer’s resignation, the career civil servant Sir John Loader Maffey was appointed as Governor-General of Sudan and served from 1926-1933. Maffey is better known for his diplomatic role during WWII between Britain and Ireland from 1939 until his retirement in 1949. This was a particularly challenging post, especially in navigating Ireland’s neutrality policy and the secretive Anglo-Irish security during WWII. Maffey was made the 1st Baron of Rugby in 1947. At least 4 portrait photos of Sir John Loader Maffey show him wearing the breast star and the sash of the Order of Ismail. In the above portrait, Maffey also wears the neck badge and breast star of the KCVO, and five service medals that include (from the viewer’s L to R): probably the India General Service medal with 4 clasps; the 1914-15 Star; the British War Medal (WWI) and Victory Medal; and probably the Delhi Durbar Medal 1911.The name of the photographer of this is portrait is unknown, but worked for Bassano Ltd.. The photo is recorded to have been taken on on 27 June, 1931. It is a whole plate glass negative, curated in the National Portrait Gallery (NPG x150081): https://www.npg.org.uk/collections/search/portrait/mw114847/John-Loader-Maffey-1st-Baron-Rugby?LinkID=mp59788&role=sit&rNo=2. The National Portrait Gallery version is much higher resolution than the image I have included above, and, of course, copies can be purchased through the NPG. A larger format portrait of Sir John Loader Maffey from the National portrait Gallery taken on the same date shows the sash for the Order of Ismail better, but the sash badge is not visible. This portrait also was taken by a photographer whose name has not been recorded working for Bassano Ltd. (probably the same as the previous portrait of Maffey), on 27 June 1931, and is a whole plate glass negative, curated in the National Portrait Gallery (NPG x150079): https://www.npg.org.uk/collections/search/portrait/mw114845/John-Loader-Maffey-1st-Baron-Rugby. The lower resolution image I have posted above comes from: http://royalisticism.blogspot.com/2015_12_23_archive.html. In addition to the Order of Ismail, Sir John Maffey was awarded the Knight Grand Cross of the Order of St. Michael and St. George (KCMG); Knight Commander of the Royal Victorian Order, neck badge and breast star, (KCVO), CSI Companion of the Star of India (CSI); and the Companion of the Indian Empire (CIE). Above is a photograph of Sir John Loader Maffey (front row, 4th from the viewer’s left) with the British Delegation attending the coronation of Haile Selassie I as Emperor of Ethiopia in 1930 that shows him in dress uniform on the steps of the British Legation in Addis Ababa wearing the same decorations in the two portraits above, including the Grand Cordon Order of Ismail. The detail is not good enough to determine whether it may show the sash badge of the Order of Ismail. This version of the photo is from https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/0/06/British_delegation_Addis_Abeba.jpg. This photo is available in a higher resolution for sale on the Alamy Stock Photo History and Art Collection on the alamy.com website (image ID: P7GKA3). The Alamy listing also identifies some of the individuals in the photo: "Front row, from left to right: Sir H. Kittermaster, Governor of Somaliland; Sir S. Barton, Minister (ambassador) to Addis Abeba; the Duke of Gloucester, Head of the delegation; Sir J. Maffey, Governor-General of the Sudan; Admiral Fullerton, East Indies Station, Royal Navy. Standing behind Kittermaster and Barton is the Resident of Aden, Sir Stewart Symes. Young Wilfred Thesiger, who had been invited by Selassie to attend the event, is standing in the 4th row (arrow)". Photo from the Palace Green Library Special Collections of the Durham University Library showing Sir John Loader Maffey (seated in the center) wearing the sash of the Grand Cordon Order of Ismail. This is a copyrighted photo from the Sudan Archive, although lower resolution images can be found online. Although Maffey's KCMG breast star is visible (he was awarded the KCMG in 1931, and the GCMG in 1938), that for the Order of Ismail is not (there may be small amount visible below the KCMG star, but both the low resolution of this version of the photo and perhaps Sir John Maffey;s sash and sleeve covers up most of the Order of Ismail breast star as well). Martin Willoughby Parr, the Private Secretary to the Governor-General from 1927-1933, is seated to the viewer's left of Maffey. The 2004 Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (Oxford University Press, Oxford) identifies the dates of Maffey's KCMG and GCMG awards noted above, as well as the dates for his KCVO (1921), CIE (1916), and KCB (1934) in volume 36, page 105. This image is from the Sudan Collection's materials associated with Martin Willoughby Parr, and listed in the catalogue as GB-0033 SAD.842/10/5. This image is identified in the catalogue as probably dating between 1932-1933, depicting Maffey with his staff in Khartoum. This photographic print measures 221 x 272 mm, and was taken by taken by A. Kazandjian. One of the National Portrait Gallery photographs of Maffey’s successor, Lieutenant-Colonel Sir George Stewart Symes (KBE, KCMG, DSO) as Governor General of the Sudan (1934-1940), also shows him wearing the sash of the Order of Ismail and it shows a portion of the breast star of the Order of Ismail below his breast stars of the Knight Commander of the Order of St. Michael and St. George and that of the Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the British Empire. The award date of his Grand Cordon Class of the Order of Ismail to Symes is identified in Le Mondain Egyptien; The Egyptian Who’s Who: L’Annuaire de l’Elite d’Egypte1939 (F. E. Noury & Fils, le Caire) entry on page 355 as 1938. This portrait (NPGx85426) also is by an unnamed photographer from Bassano Ltd. and is dated 1938. This portrait can be viewed at a much higher resolution on the National Portrait Gallery website (https://www.npg.org.uk/collections/search/portrait/mw53172/Sir-George-Stewart-Symes). A larger portrait of Lieutenant-Colonel Sir George Stewart Symes that appears to be from the same sitting shows the breast star of the Order of Ismail and the complete sash, but the sash badge is not visible in this photograph because of the position of his left arm holding the dress sword. This is a copyrighted image from the Palace Green Library Special Collections in the Durham University Library’s Sudan Collection (GB-0033 SAD. A85/181), from the papers of J. Angus Gillan. As in the above, he wears the neck badge and breast star of the KCMG, and the breast star of the KBE (the KBE neck badge is suspended to the viewer’s L of the KCMG breast star, overlapping the sash of the Order of Ismail). He wears the DSO below the KCMG neck badge. The resolution of the maximum zoom possible on the National Portrait Gallery site’s image of the 1st portrait above of Sir George Stewart Symes shows enough detail that some knowledgable person here on GMIC can, I believe, determine enough of the obverse design and especially ribbon configurations to identify the medals. I can only identify six of these seven medals. To the viewer’s R of Symes' DSO, from L-R are: the Queen’s South Africa Medal 1899-1902 with 2 clasps, the British War Medal (WWI) and Victory Medal with MiD oak decoration; the George V and Queen Mary Silver Jubilee Medal 1935; George VI Coronation Medal 1937 (?); and the Order of Osmanieh 4th Class. The obverse of the 7th medal is difficult to see, even on a zoomed view of the NPG image, because of the overlap of the Order of Osmanieh, but appears not to be a portrait bust, but some other design. I have not had luck trying to match the ribbon design. Symes is recorded to have received the "Egyptian Medal" for his participation in the 1908 Blue Nile Expedition, but this is probably not that medal. The Archive’s data for this portrait identifies it as taken in 1938, and it includes the caption in an album page where this photo is situated, apparently with other portraits: “Goodbye to all these, July 1939”, and a caption on the photograph “H.E.”, probably "His Excellency". The National Portrait Gallery version of this portrait (the same format as the 1st photo of Sir George Stewart Symes shown above) identifies the date as 12 July, 1939. The Durham University Sudan Archive identifies this portrait as having been taken in Khartoum and measures 151 x 104 mm, but does not list the photographer (identified as Bassano Ltd. on the NPG online catalogue). Another image of Symes in his Governor-General's uniform from the Durham University Sudan Archive (SAD.1/11/5 ) shows him without the Order of Ismail. In that autographed portrait, with an uncertain date of 1939, Symes is wearing his KBE neck badge at his collar and the neck badge of the KCMG is worn to the viewer's left of the breast star of the KBE. It also shows two honors not worn in the above images; the 3rd Class Commander Order of the Nile (identified as awarded in 1915 in the biography of Symes on the AngloBoerWar.com website: https://angloboerwar.com/index.php/medals-and-awards/non-boer-war/129-dso-ed-vii-by-date-of-issue?option=com_grid&gid=23_px_0&p=3), and another breast star I cannot distinguish from the resolution of that image. The other award may be an Ethiopian Order of the Star, but I am uncertain about that. The 2004 Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (Oxford University Press, Oxford) states that Symes' foreign honors include Hedjazi and Ethiopian decorations (Vol 53, pg. 585) in addition to Turkish (Order of Osmanieh) and Egyptian (Order of Ismail; Order of the Nile) recognition, but the specific awards and dates are not identified. The Oxford Dictionary of National Biography entry for Symes also identifies the dates of his awards of KBE (1928), GBE (1939), CMG (1917), and KCMG (1932). As noted in the first paragraph of this post, the award of the these 1st Class Order of Ismail honors given to Governors of the Sudan occurred at a particularly contentious time in regard to Egypt’s claim on the Sudan. Although I do not have any historical documentation to support this inference, I may speculate, that King Fuad I awarded these Governors the Order of Ismail not simply in a pro forma manner, but for very pointed political reasons. I believe that the Egyptian King rewarded these Governors-General for their service within a territory that Egypt continued to claim as their rightful conquest under Mohammed Ali Pasha, blaming Britain for losing this territory to the Mahdi Muhammed Ahmad, and unhappy with the British scheme of maintaining it as a condominium which effectively kept Britain as the actual ruler of Sudan. Decorating acting or former Governors of the Sudan with the Grand Cordon Class of the Order of Ismail may be a minor way to assert that the Governorship role was a service to Egypt in its interest in maintaining that the Sudan should have been under Egyptian control. By honoring these governors with the 2nd highest Egyptian award, the Grand Cordon Class of the Order of Ismail, the Egyptian throne was implicitly identifying the value of their contribution to the ”eminent service of the state” (the defined purpose of this award’s creation by Hussein Kamal in 1915), emphasizing their service to Egypt in the Sudan rather than to the British. General Sir Francis Reginald Wingate, 1st Baronet (GCB, GCVO, GBE, KCMG, DSO, DL, TD), Governor-General of the Sudan and Sirdar of the Egyptian Army (1899-1916), was awarded the Grand Cordon of the Order of the Nile in 1915 and the Grand Cordon of the Order of Mohammed Ali in 1917 (both probably from Sultan Hussein Kamel) that likely were given for his service as Governor-General. He was sympathetic to the Egyptian Nationalist Party, a position that resulted in his acrimonious dismissal by the British from his position as British High Commissioner to Egypt (1917-1919). I have not identified any Egyptian honors awarded to Major General Sir Lee Oliver Fitzmaurice Stack (GBE, CMG), Sir Geoffrey Archer's predecessor, when he was Governor General of the Sudan and Sirdar of the Egyptian Army from 1917 until his assassination in Cairo in 1924. I also have not found any data regarding whether the subsequent Governor-General of the Sudan (1940-1947), following Sir Stewart Symes, Major General Sir Hubert Jervoise Huddleston (GCMG, GBE, CB, DSO & Bar, MC), received any honors from King Farouk I. The Sudan Archive at the Durham University Library also has no corroborating imagery or documentation of Huddleston or Stack having received Egyptian honors.
  8. I have a minor amount of additional information on the elusive J. Lattes to add here. This is peripheral background info that builds on the advertising card I posted on 24 April, 2019 from a July 2018 eBay auction, and some of the horological info mentioned in that post as well. In the 24 April post on this thread (and in my post of 14 November, 2017), I cited the only other source of information I have found about J. Lattes business: I have previously given a short synopsis of this brief mention in The Jeweler's Circular and Horological Review, Vol 34, No. 24, of 14 July, 1897, pg. 9 of the shop of J. Lattes as a small but attractive store at the margin of the market area (the Muski) and what the author (Chas Crossman) termed the foreigner's quarters. Lattes shop was considered by the author of this article as the best of the small shops catering to both local and European trade interests. I am re-posting the 1st page of that advertisement card I posted on 24 April at the end of this post. I apologize for cluttering up this thread with some watch images, but as biographical data on M. J. Lattes is so scarce perhaps any additional information can be useful in getting a better sketch of his life and work that includes so many beautiful Egyptian medals. This is a J. Lattes art deco jewelry brooch in its original case with a different form of the J. Lattes name and identifier of the Cairo shop than seen on any cases for the Egyptian state awards and decorations. This piece features a probably genuine ancient Egyptian scarab (however, molds also have been found by antiquities looters and dealers that were used to make ceramic copies of ancient scarabs for the tourist market since at least the 19th century, but the common nature of scarabs in the archaeological record and tourist markets, especially during the early 20th century, suggests it may be an archaeological example rather than a copy) that is noted to have hieroglyphs on the underside. The scarab is set in 18 carat gold with enamel for the bird-like wings (tail and eyes), with a span of 6.8 cm,. This is a fanciful deco modification of the ancient Egyptian imagery that often puts raptor (vulture) wings on scarabs or occasionally combines vulture and scarab motifs.The description indicates that the case is stamped "J. Lattes Jeweller Cairo", but it is unclear if that is on the outside case lid. This is from a listing on the PICTAME website from Peter Brandt-Jensen Antiques (From: https://www.pictame.onl/media/BxCuVriHT7S). Note that the advertising brochure for J. Lattes, shown in the last image on this post and as the 1st image of my 24 April, 2019 post, claims the use of "real scarabs" in Lattes jewelry. The advertisement card shown in the last image of this thread also mentions the Lattes Cairo shop dealing in watches from Geneva, Switzerland. Several auction listings are available online that identify pocket watches made by Lattes Frères & Cie à Genève. As with the dearth of other biographical data on J. Lattes, I do not know who these Lattes brothers may have been nor the relationship between the Geneva and Cairo shops, other than the watches being Swiss-made and sold in Cairo. As this is not a thread about watches, I will only illustrate a couple better photo examples of Lattes Frères watches and one made for J. Lattes by the exceptional, but little known, watchmakers Haas Neveux & Cie. of Geneva. A pocket watch (No. 10789) made by Lattes Frères from a November 2017 (Lot 85) auction by Christie's (https://www.christies.com/lotfinder/Lot/lattes-freres-an-extremely-fine-and-rare-6102744-details.aspx). The description of this two time-zone watch notes that this is an 18 carat gold open case (several listings of Lattes Frères watches identify the cases as pink or rose gold) measuring 53.5 mm in diameter, and probably dating to the 1880s. This example also is interesting for exhibiting Turkish numerals on the upper right dial below the Lattes Frères signature. A close-up of the face of this same watch from a Pinterest website archive (https://www.pinterest.com/pin/511932682622510024/visual-search/?cropSource=6&h=355&w=492&x=16&y=10) of a past eBay auction of this same two time-zone watch (No. 10789). Close-up view of another face of a pocket watch made by Lattes Frères & Cie., Genève, showing a variant form of the manufacturer's signature. This image comes from a watch-wiki.org image index (https://watch-wiki.org/images/1/16/Lattès_Frères_&_Cie_à_Genève,_Geh._Nr._4318,_57_mm,_143_g,_circa_1880_(2).jpg) and is from an auction archive on the invaluable.com website (https://www.invaluable.com/auction-lot/lattes-freres-cie-a-geneve-case-no-4318-57-m-464-c-b8049a0a70) that no longer includes the photo shown above of this watch. That auction description (6 May, 2017, Lot 464 from Auktionen Dr. Crott, Frankfurt Airport, Germany) identifies the number of this watch as 4318, gives its size as 57 mm, and provides a weight of 143 g. It also suggests a date of approximately 1880s. The description also give bracketing dates of 1860-1880 for Lattes Frères & Cie., although I have not yet been able to check those dates through many other sources. The advertising card for J. Lattes shown below identifies the date of the Cairo shop's establishment as 1860. Another past auction listing (Lot 45, from June 2001) on the La Cote de L'Occasion website of a Lattes Frères watch (http://www.lacotedesmontres.com/Enchere-No_468.htm) suggests a date of 1890 for their watch listing. I do not know if Lattes Frères & Cie. continued to make watches into the 20th century, the few with attributed dates on auction websites do not include any dates later than c.1890. Note the watch below made by a different Swiss manufacturer for J. Lattes in Cairo that likely dates to before 1937. A watch with the signature "J. LATTES, LE CAIRE" from a website listing of Paris Encheres Collin Du Bocage (http://encheres.parisencheres.com/en/lot/26277/6082587). The watch is described as made by Haas Neveux & Cie., a Geneva-based and award winning fine watchmaker (founded in 1848 by the brothers Lèopold Haas and Benjamin Haas jeune [jr.], both knights of the Légion d'honneur), and is given an approximate date of c.1940 (probably incorrect). The case is 18 carat gold, with a silver face, with a blue stone cabochon on the winding knob, gold numbers, and the J. Lattes signature, probably suggesting it was made for the J. Lattes Cairo shop by Haas Neveux & Cie. (the movement anchor is signed Haas Neveux No. 67708; case number is given as 9053835). The diameter is 44 mm and it weights 50.7 g. The provenance of this watch is identified in the auction listing as having belonged to Ahmed Ihsan Bey, a member of the royal family a chamberlain of King Fuad I (he also appears to have been a chamberlain of King Farouk I). A photo of King Farouk I's chamberlains is shown in my post of 2 April, 2019 on this thread (the Flickr attribution suggests this photo is from the 1920s, however it is more likely post-1936 as Ahmed Hassanein, shown in the photo, probably only served as a chamberlain to King Farouk I sometime after becoming crown Prince Farouk's tutor in the early-mid 1930s, although he was an advisor to King Fuad I from 1925-1936) that includes Ahmed Ihsan Bey, shown seated in the front row at the viewer's right of the 3rd photo (with names) and the 4th photo (possibly showing a watch chain attached to his vest??) of that post. Although the Paris Encheres Collin Du Bocage website dates this watch to approximately 1940, Haas & Neveux went out of business in the 1930s (probably ~1937). However, this may help bracket the termination of the Lattes Frères & Cie. of Geneva relationship with J. Lattes in Cairo. However, J. Lattes is not identified as a regular retailer of Haas Neveux watches on the partial listing of 384 individual watches (out of a production of probably ~90,000 watches) provided on the Haas Neveux & Cie. Genève website (http://www.haasneveux.com/watches.php). The first page of the undated J. Lattes folding card advertisement that I posted on 24 April, 2019 on this thread which mentions the manufacture of "Egyptian jewellery (the preferred British English spelling) with real scarabs" and watches from Geneva, from a past eBy auction (https://www.ebay.com/itm/RARE-FOLDING-TRADE-CARD-WITH-MAP-FOR-J-LATTES-JEWELLER-CAIRO-EGYPT-/163133205268?ul_noapp=true&nma=true&si=mpDX%2FvmJ3j93DINpvfI%2FS1m09vQ%3D&orig_cvip=true&nordt=true&rt=nc&_trksid=p2047675.l2557) that was formerly archived on the Picclick website (https://picclick.com/Rare-Folding-Trade-Card-With-Map-For-J-163133205268.html#&gid=1&pid=1), although the image and description is no longer available on that site. A much lower-resolution image of the first page of what is probably a different example of this same card (lacking the calculations in upper left corner, no stain in the upper right, possibly with darker brown ink on the decorative sphinx, pillar, & lintel, and maybe black ink used for the lettering?) was recently identified on the invaluable.com website (https://www.invaluable.com/advertising-general/sc-LY1J4TXKAW/?page=73) in a listing of "Advertisements-General", although the image of the card and its description is no longer available on that site.
  9. There are a few of very high resolution images of the Order of Ismail archived on the Spink website that I wanted to link to here. The images I can download are of pretty good resolution, but the archived images can be zoomed for much greater detail by following the links here. I have not previously illustrated the first three of these photos, but the final image of two miniature breast badges of the Order of Ismail appear in very high resolution images in my previous posts of 10 November and 13 December, 2018. Although there are plenty of images of these particular classes on this thread, the auction listings of the first 3 examples provide information on the date hallmarks and dimensions of these pieces, adding some data worth including here. These archived images are only provided on the Spink website as obverse views, no images of the reverse of these medals are provided. Please note the photos below are copyrighted images to be used only for research purposes. Above is a photo of of a 2nd Class Grand Officer breast star made by Lattes from an undated past auction (Auction 18003, Lot 907). The auction description identifies the diameter as 72 mm. Although most 2nd Class breast stars with measurements available are fairly consistently listed as 70 mm in diameters, this size still indicates it is the 2nd Class of this breast star (the 1st Class is usually given as 80 mm in diameter, although some examples are identified as 81-82 mm). Although no photos of the reverse are provided, the description identifies the date hallmark as "B", indicating a date of 1927-1928. (From: https://spink.com/lot/18003000907) A neck badge of the Order of Ismail made by Lattes that is either part of a 2nd Class Grand Officer set of regalia or a 3rd Class Commander neck badge. It is not the accompanying neck badge to the above 2nd Class breast star, because of the date hallmark identified in the auction description ("Z"=1924-1925). This is from an undated past auction (Auction 18003, Lot 908) archived on the Spink website (https://spink.com/lot/18003000908). The description also provides the height measurement as 83 mm (including the crown suspension device) and the width as 62 mm. As noted in several previous posts, the dimensions of the 2nd Class and 3rd Class neck badges are the same, although there are some differences in the reported measurements. The photo does show the group of 3 hallmarks on the right side suspension link between the superior arm of the star and the crown suspension device, showing the Cairo assay office mark for 18 carat gold, the ibis for Egyptian gold, and the date hallmark of "Z"". A photo of a 4th Class Knight breast badge of the Order of Ismail made by Lattes from an archived undated past auction (Auction 19001, Lot 1179) on the Spink website (https://spink.com/lot/19001001179). Although some photos of the Knight's chest badge show the Egyptian gold hallmarks on the circular link ring between the crown suspension device and the ribbon, none are visible even when the website version of this image is zoomed. The height of this pieces is given as 75 mm (including the crown suspension device) X 56 mm wide. The date hallmark on the reverse is identified as "K", 1935-1936. There appears to be some damage to the enamel of the central medallion's inscription of "Ismail". Above is a photo of two miniatures of the Order of Ismail from an undated past auction (Auction 18001, Lot 902) archived on Spink website (https://spink.com/lot/18001000902). These are the same miniature breast badges that I illustrated in my post of 10 November, 2018 on this thread, that came from an October 2018 auction listing (Auction XLI, the mini on the L is Lot 280 and that on the R is Lot 281) of La Galerie Numismatique, featured on the Sixdbid.com website (https://www.sixbid.com/browse./la-galerie-numismatique/5367/page/1/perPage/100?term&orderCol=lot_number&orderDirection=asc&priceFrom&displayMode=large&auctionSessions=5606|168960). I also posted a cropped version of that photo, showing only the 4th Class Knight mini on the right, in the 5th photo of my post of 13 December, 2018. As noted in those posts, the mini on the left is a 3rd Class Commander grade of this mini, indicted by the rosette and silver galon. The mini on the right with a rosette and lacking a galon is the 4th Class Knight mini (I erroneously stated it was a 4th Class Officer version in my 10 Novemebr 2018 post, the Sixbid.com auction listing correctly identified the example with the silver salon as an Officer Class mini but also used the same designation for the mini without a galon). Those previously posted photos here on GMIC are of much higher resolution than the photo above. Those previously posted images (as well as the photos still available on the Sixbid.com website) can be zoomed for terrifically detailed views. The dimensions in the Spink auction listing are given as a height of 30 mm (including the crown suspension) and a dimater of 20 mm for both, the same dimensions given on the Sixbid.com website archive. Both sets of listings identify the material as silver, gilt, and enamel. I am including this image because these 2 particular miniatures are two of the the best documented examples for the Order of Ismail (also see the mini I included in my post of 5 December, 2017 from a past auction archived on the La Galerie Numismatique website [https://www.coins-la-galerie-numismatique.com/auction-33/order-ismail-1] that also identifies the dimensions as 30 mm high X 20 mm wide), they are illustrated with the best available photos, and represent some slight variations in execution of the miniatures, although they appear to have been made by the same (unidentified) manufacturer. Both of these minis likely have replacement ribbons, although there appears to be some slight wear on the margin of the rosette of the 3rd Class mini on the L in the 3:00-4:00 position.
  10. Chris, I appreciate your interest in the variation in cases. I just seem to take advantage of questions that pop up based on what images I can encounter in the online component of my research and never know if they would be of interest to others here on GMIC. Even with the limited topics I follow, there are certainly a lot of interesting rabbit holes to go down. Below I am posting a cropped and manipulated image (to make it a bit sharper) of the Tewfik Bichay label on the 4th Class Knight example of an Order of Ismail breast badge that I most recently illustrate in the 12th photo of my first post on 19 October, 2019 . Please note that this is an image copyrighted by DereenB on her flickr photostream (https://www.flickr.com/photos/dereenb/page1). I have not found another example of this interesting label to show its design elements and inscriptions in better detail. Close-up image of the paper foil label on the interior upper lid of the 4th Class Knight Order of Ismail breast badge from DereenB's flickr site (https://www.flickr.com/photos/dereenb/8059318294/). The embossed paper foil label shows the Tewfik Bichay (father) hallmark as the upper most line; below that is the arced Arabic inscription over the Royal Coat of Arms; Tewfik Bichay’s name is split on either side of the Royal Coat of Arms of the Kingdom of Egypt used between 10 December 1923 and when it was changed to the Republican Eagle on 29 June, 1953. Interestingly, the honorific “PACHA” is apparent on the lower right of the label under the “…HAY” of Bichay. I cannot read the portion of the inscription on the lower left underneath the “TEWF …” in Tewfik. The phrase “FOURNISSEUR DE S.H. LE ROI” is on the lower center of the label underneath the royal coat of arms. The Royal Coat of Arms of the Kingdom of Egypt used from 1923 until 1953 showing the imagery of the royal mantle lined with ermine surmounted by the princely Egyptian crown, with the crescent and 3 stars surrounded by the collar of the Order of Medjidie and surmounted by the princely crown. This image comes from Kelisli's flickr site (https://www.flickr.com/photos/kelisli/4765919868) and is an image copyrighted by him. The form of this mantle derives from a variety of European uses of this imagery, especially its use in France. The version on the Tewfik Bichay label above appears to also use the tughs crossing behind the central medallion of the crescent and stars that is an Egyptian variant of the staffs used in European heraldry. Tugh is a Turkish word, possibly derived from Chinese (tu) and Uyghur (tugh), identifying rods with horsetails that are a military standard with various historical uses. A modified form of the mantle is used as a central design framing element in the judicial badges of the Egyptian Mixed Courts (1875-1949). See my post of 3 December, 2018 on the thread: "Egypt Khedive Judge's Badge Question" that I started on 17 November, 2016 here in the Middle East & Arab States section of GMIC for additional information about the imagery in this coat of arms. Image of the Royal Coat of Arms of Kingdom Egypt (L) used form 1922-1953 and the Royal Coat of Arms of the Sultanate of Egypt (R) used from 1914-1922. The above image is also from Kelisli's flickr site (https://www.flickr.com/photos/kelisli/5109448186) and is copyrighted by him. Kelisli notes in the legend for this image that: "The Arms of the Sultanate of Egypt were simply the dynastic arms of the House of Mohamed Ali Pasha. The six staffs were formerly tughs (during the Khedivate of Egypt, 1867 - 1914)" A version of the Royal Coat of Arms that is the second version employed by Khedive Ismail that shows the tughs with horsetails behind the central medallion and is the version that first features the Collar of the Order of Medjidie design that replaced the Order of the Crescent on previous versions (from: http://www.hubert-herald.nl/EgyptKingdom.htm) Another version of the Royal Coat of Arms of the Kingdom of Egypt used from 1922-1953 (from: https://www.sabah.com.tr/galeri/kultursanat/kavalali-hanedaninin-hikayesi/8)
  11. Well, cases aren't as cool as the regalia, but I keep encountering some additional variation that seems worth posting here on GMIC. I am trying to keep the information relevant to the Order of Ismail, not all Egyptian awards. Many images about case variation come from illustrations of the much greater number of examples of the Order of the Nile that appear on auction sites, so this post also includes label and case closure photos that are dominated by the Order of the Nile. Below are images of a case that is identified as for an Order of Ismail, class unspecified, from an archived past eMedals auction (Item: 9270). These images show a few details of case construction moderately well. The size of this case (288 mm long X 137 mm wide X 56 mm deep) indicates it would have been for either the 1st Class Grand Cordon or 2nd Class Grand Officer Class of this award. This example lacks its medal bed insert and one of its hinges is missing. View of the exterior lid of this Order of Ismail case showing the royal cipher of King Fuad I. The above image on the right is the underside of the same Order of Ismail case showing what appears to be a cloth or paper covering of this part of the case. Above is an image of the interior of the lid the same Order of Ismail case showing the most common J. Lattes labelling as noted in my 2 recent posts above. This is a view of the same Order of Ismail case showing the interior of the lower portion of the case without the medal bed, showing some aspects of the wood construction, the latch mechanism, supports for the medal bed, the interior side lining of white cardboard, possibly paper on portions of the center, and what looks like cloth on the base of the compartment to house either the 1st Class sash or the 2nd Class neck badge ribbon. Another variant form of push release catch hardware on a case of a 4th Class Officer Order of the Nile breast badge made by Lattes from a past auction (Item: W2594) archived on the eMedlas.com website (https://www.emedals.com/an-egyptian-order-of-the-nile-4th-class-by-lattes-of-cairo-w2594). No date hallmarks can be seen on the photos of the reverse of the breast badge, but the cipher on the case lid is that of King Fuad I. Push release latch mechanism with very slight design differences from that above on the eMedals 4th Class Officer Order of the Nile. This comes from a cased 5th Class Knight Order of the Nile made by Lattes from an April 2018 auction (Item: EG150) archived on the eMedals website (https://www.emedals.com/egypt-kingdom-an-order-of-the-nile-knight-by-lattes-cairo-c-1924). One photo of the breast badge, and the auction description, identify a date hallmark of "Z" indicating a manufacturing date of 1924-1925. The royal cipher on the case lid is that of Fuad I and the Lattes interior case labelling is the same as shown in the 3rd photo in this post (and the 1st photo of my previous post from today). Another variant version of the push release latch hardware on a case for a neck badge of the 3rd Class Commander of the Order of the Nile made by Lattes. This example comes from a past auction (Item: EG146) archived on the eMedals website (https://www.emedals.com/egypt-kingdom-an-order-of-the-nile-nishan-al-nil-grand-cordon-by-j-lattes-c-1930) that is misidentified as a Grand Cordon Class The neck badge exhibits a date hallmark of "E" indicating manufacture in 1930-1931. The royal cipher on the case lid is the same as the 2 illustrated in the 6th and 10th photos of my previous post today that are associated with sultanate period J. Lattes labels, suggesting (if this is not a re-used case) that this is an alternative cipher of Fuad I as Sultan rather than the other cipher of him as King after the end of April, 1922. A better image of the what appears to be the same form of push release latch as that shown above onto case for a 3rd Class Commander Order of the Nile (it may however lack some engraving of the upper hinge of the latch compared with the previous photo). This example is from an empty case for a 3rd Class Commander neck badge (Item: W5613) from a past eMedals auction (https://www.emedals.com/egypt-kingdom-an-order-of-the-nile-iv-class-officer-case-by-j-lattes). The case is mistakenly identified in the auction description as a case for a 4th Class Officer award, and misidentifies the royal cipher er as that of King Farouk I. The royal cipher on the case lid is that of King Fuad I, however the interior J. Lattes printed label identifies Lattes as a purveyor to the sultanate as well as to the state (see image below). Printed label inside the lid of the above eMedals empty case for a 3rd Class Commander neck badge of the Order of the Nile. This label reads "J. LATTES, FOURNISSEUR DE S.H. LE SULTAN, ET DE L’ÉTAT, CAIRE", similar to the wording of the inscription to the paper foil Lattes labels shown in my earlier post of today, but including the phrase: "ET DE L’ÉTAT", and lacking the identification of their shop in Geneva. This stamp may have been created to bridge the period in 1922 between Fuad I's transition from Sultan to King (?). Another form of push release latch hardware on a case of a 4th Class Officer breast badge of the Order of the Nile made by J. Lattes from a past eMedals auction (Item: PM011) archived on the eMedals website (https://www.emedals.com/egypt-kingdom-an-order-of-the-nile-4th-class-officer-by-lattes-of-cairo-c-1945). No date hallmarks are visible on the photos of the reverse of this badge, but the royal cipher on the case lid is that of King Fuad I. The J. Lattes maker's labelling inside the case of this same eMedals example of a 4th Class Officer badge of the Order of the Nile. This is the same form illustrated in the 3rd photo of my previous post from today on this thread. Another variant form of the makers' labelling for J. Lattes on the interior lid of a case for a 1st Class Grand Cordon set of the Order of the Nile from a January 2018 auction (Item: EG1243 ) archived on the eMedals website (https://www.emedals.com/egypt-kingdom-an-order-of-nishan-al-nil-grand-cordon-by-lattes-of-cairo-c-1940). It appears to read: "J. LATTES, FOURNISSEUR DE S.H. LE SULTAN, GENÈVE CAIRE". No date hallmarks are visible on the photos of the reverse of the sash badge or breast star of this cased set. The auction description suggests a date of c. 1940, however, the royal cipher on the exterior case lid is that of Fuad I, so that it should be on or before 1936. The identification of the Sultan on this interior was labelling suggests it predates April 1922.
  12. I have a few additional notes about case labelling to include here. The majority of examples of all classes of the Order of Ismail that show up on auction sites were made by J. Lattes of Cairo and exhibit significant consistency in the labelling inside their cases. This is not true for many of the Order of the Nile examples that appear as auction offers, and they provide some additional details on variants of the Lattes interior case labeling. I believe this is principally due to the apparently much greater number of medals of the Order of the Nile that were awarded and so available to modern collectors. This above format of interior case labelling is the most commonly seen for all classes of the Order of Ismail. As noted in my previous post that includes this same illustration, this comes from an empty case for a 4th Class Knight Order of Ismail offers in a current eMedals auction, Item: EGC93 (https://www.emedals.com/egypt-kingdom-an-order-of-ismail-iv-class-officer-case-c-1950). This appears to be a form of the J. Lattes case interior labelling that may be the earliest type I have found of a J. Lattes maker's mark inside of a presentation case of an Egyptian award. I am basing my assessment of this as an "early" mark only on its simplicity and difference from all other Lattes maker's labelling printed in other cases for Egyptian orders and decorations that I have seen. This comes from a past eBay auction archived on the Worthpoint.com website for an Egyptian Devotion to Duty medal, identified as a 2nd Class silver version (https://www.worthpoint.com/worthopedia/egypt-medal-meritorious-actions-1917-1896628816). The auction description for this medal suggests a 1917 date, however, that is prior to the institution of this medal in 1920. An example of a printed Lattes maker's identification that I previously included as an illustration sourced only from Piccssr as the 2nd photo in my post of 14 November, 2017 on this thread. This image comes from a past auction archived on the Medal-Medaille website for a 4th Class Officer cased set of the Order of the Nile that includes a miniature (http://www.medal-medaille.com/sold/product_info.php?products_id=35). The legend "J. LATTES, FOURNISSEUR DE S.M. LE ROI D’EGYPTE & DE L’ÉTAT, LE CAIRE" (J.Lattes, supplier to H.M. The King of Egypt and to the State, Cairo) appears on a few other examples of the Order of the Nile offered on auction sites, but I have not yet seen this label on an example of the Order of Ismail. The auction description states that: "Early examples of the order are made by 'A.Lattes'; and late royal examples by 'Maison Lattes, J. Weinber & Co.' with an Arabic inscription to the interior of the case. The presence of the words ‘& DE L’ÉTAT’ suggest this example is towards the end of the ‘J. Lattes’ period." I have not seen A. Lattes marks nor any for Maison Lattes and J. Weinber (or Weinberg?). However, see the examples below in the 12th and 17th photos in this post. that identify Maison Latte with L. Rosen & Cie. I cannot distinguish the date hallmark in a low resolution image of the breast medal of the Order of the Nile shown on the auction listing. The cipher on the exterior case lid is of King Fuad I. Paper foil case label for J. Lattes reading "J. LATTES, FOURNISSEUR DE S.H. LE SULTAN, CAIRE-GENÈVE’” from a past auction archived onto Medal-Medaille website (http://www.medal-medaille.com/sold/product_info.php?products_id=1171). I previously included this image that I came across on Picssr in the 3rd photo of my post of 14 November, 2017 on this thread. I have now identified this case label as associated with this auction listing of a 3rd Class Commander neck badge of the Order of the Nile. The auction listing includes the following statement about the potential date of this piece: "...the maker’s mark referring to ‘S.H. Le Sultan’ rather than ‘S.M. Le Roi’ indicates that this example is a very early award, pre-1922. I do not know if the the cipher on the exterior lid of this case is that of Sultan Hussein Kamel, who established the Order of the Nile in 1915, or an early version of a cipher for Fuad I as Sultan. The version of this cipher is shown below from a photo of a better example on a case lid for a 2nd Class Grand Officer Order of the Nile. Images of these foil paper labels are moderately common in auction listings for the Order of the Nile. Another example of the paper foil J. Lattes case label from the approximately same period of the sultanate in Egypt (pre-1922). From a December 2018 auction (Item: W5561) archived on the eMedals website (https://www.emedals.com/egypt-kingdom-an-order-of-the-nile-i-class-grand-cross-case-by-lattes) of an empty case identified as that if a 1st Class Grand Cordon (?) Order of the Nile. Case lid for the same empty 1st Class Grand Cordon Order of the Nile from the eMedals website. This is the same royal cipher that appears on the case lid of the above example of a foil paper J. Lattes label from a cased set of the 3rd Class Commander neck badge from the Medal-Medaille website. This same royal cipher appears in conjunction with auction site examples that provide views of the date hallmarks identifying the awards as made under Fuad I, suggesting it may be a variant earlier form of Fuad I's cipher during his term as Sultan prior to April 1922 when his titled changed to King (?). Detailed view of one variant of elaborate push release catch hardware on this same empty case for a 1st Class Grand Cordon Order of the Nile from the eMedals website. Another image of the foil paper J. Lattes case label from the period of the sultanate from a current eMedlas auction (Item: 5761) of an empty case identified as that of a 2nd Class Grand Officer Order of the Nile. All design aspects of this case appear identical to that of the eMedals example shown above that is identified as for a 1st Class Grand Cordon Order of the Nile. (From: https://www.emedals.com/egypt-kingdom-an-order-of-the-nile-ii-class-grand-officer-case-by-lattes) Photo of the open empty case from this same eMedals examples of a 2nd Class Order of the Nile showing the placement of the paper foil label on the interior lid. This is the same configuration as that of the labeling seen on the eMedals 1st Class case example shown above. Lid of the same eMedals empty case for a 2nd Class Grand Officer Order of the Nile showing the same royal cipher for this undatable case. Photo of the same eMedals empty case identified as a 2nd Class Grand Officer Order of the Nile showing the same catch release hardware as on the above eMedals 1st Class Order of the Nile. Photo of a satin ribbon maker's label in the normal upper left corner of the case interior lid for J. Lattes Order of the Nile that includes a partner I have not seen identified for any of the Order of Ismail. The insert ribbon reads: "Maison Lattes, L. Rosen & Cie., Le Caire." I have seen this label in other cases for the Order of the Nile, but have no information about J. Lattes partnership with L. Rosen or the chronology of this association. This is from a current auction (Item: W5562) on the eMedals website (https://www.emedals.com/egypt-kingdom-an-order-of-the-nile-iii-class-commander-case-by-lattes). The printed labelling inside the upper lid of this empty case for a 3rd Class Commander Order of the Nile in the same position as seen in the examples of the Order of Ismail shown above in my post of October 19. This is the same inscription seen in the Order of Ismail cases and probably reads: "J. Lattes, supplier to H.M. The King of Egypt and to the State, Cairo". Exterior lid of this same eMedals current offering of 3rd Class Commander Order of the Nile case showing the royal cipher of King Fuad I. View of the pull release catch hardware on the same 3rd Class Commander Order of the Nile empty case. This shows a similarly elaborate latch hardware with the pull release catch ornamented with a laurel wreath as seen on the example of the Order of Ismail in my 19 October post above, 3rd from last photo. Detail of the elaborate pull release catch hardware on this same 3rd Class Order of the Nile case from the current eMedals auction. Although similar to the eBay auction example of the Order of Ismail case hardware with the laurel wreath on the pull release catch, this catch has scrolls only on each of the lateral sides of the button, and the catch shown in the 3rd to last photo of my 19 October post above also has scroll ornaments above and below the catch. Another example of the satin ribbon makers' identification for "Maison Lattes, L. Rosen & Cie., Le Caire" from a March 2018 auction (Item: W5131) archived onto eMedals website (https://www.emedals.com/egypt-kingdom-an-order-of-the-nile-grand-officer-2nd-class-by-lattes-c-1925) of cased set of a 2nd Class Order of the Nile. This set is nearly complete, but lacks the neck ribbon for the neck badge Exterior of the case for this same eMedals set of the Order of the Nile showing the royal cipher of King Fuad I and a similar ornamented pull latch with the laurel wreath ornamentation as seen on the 3rd Class Order of the Nile case example above and on the 3rd to last photo of the eBay auction offering of a 2nd Class Grand Officer Order of Ismail case from my post of 19 October above. Although fewer examples of the Order of Ismail made by Tewfik Bichay (father) or Fahmy Tewfik Bichay (son) appear on auction sites, I also have a few bits of label information variability to add here. I have illustrated the printed name of Tewfik Bichay's workshop on the satin case lining in the 4th photo of my 17 September, 2019 post regarding the Eisenhower 1st Class Order of Ismail (made by Tewfik Bichay) above on this thread. Owain illustrated the same printed name in his post of 5 April, 2018 on this post for a 3rd Class Commander neck badge of the Order of Ismail made by Fahmy Tewfik Bichay. Both the Eisenhower example and Owain's use the spelling "Bichai". Owain's example is quite interesting also because the case is that of Fahmy Tewfik Bichay's father although the neck badge has the hallmarks indicating manufacture by the son Fahmy Tewfik Bichay This form of maker's identification appears to be the most common for the Tewfik Bichay workshop, however many fewer images of these marks are available on auction listings than for J. Lattes examples. I also included an oblique view of an embossed decorated foil paper Tewfik Bichay label for a 4th Class Knight breast badge the Order of Ismail in the 12th photo of my previous post of 19 October above. Unfortunately, I do not have a better image of that label. Below are a few variant Bichay labels I have come across on the internet. Except for the first 2 cases shown below, the others all are Republic period awards made and labelled by Fahmy Tewfik Bichay. Printed label on the interior lid of the Eisenhower 1st Class Grand Cordon Order of Ismail that reads: "TEWFIK BICHAI, FOURNISSEUR DE S.M. LE ROI" underneath an image of the maker's hallmark for Tewfik Bichay and another Arabic inscription (anyone want to volunteer a translation?). This may be the most common form of the Tewfik Bichay labelling inside cases of the Order of Ismail. As noted, this marking appears on examples made by Tewfik Bichay and his son Fahey Tewfik Bicay. From: The Dwight D. Eisenhower Presidential Library, Museum & Childhood Home, 200 SE 4th Street, Abilene, Kansas, USA Printed label of Tewfik Bichay in blue ink ("TEWFIK BICHAI, FOURNISSEUR DE S.M. LE ROI"), similar to the version seen on the Eisenhower Order of Ismail example and Owain's 3rd Class Order of Ismail neck badge from his post on this thread of 5 April, 2018. This label includes a square frame around the label that is not present in those other 2 examples. This is from a current eBay auction of an Egyptian 3rd Class, Devotion to Duty medal in bronze (https://www.ebay.com/itm/EGYPT-DEVOTION-TO-DUTY-BRONZE-ORDER-MEDAL-OF-KING-FAROUK-ORIGINAL-CASE-RARE-/323858249749). Lid of the same eBay bronze Devotion to Duty medal showing the royal cipher of King Farouk 1. Plain foil paper label for Maison Tewfik Bichay case label from a March 2019 auction listing (Item EU16495) archived on the eMedals website for a 1st Class Grand Cordon Republic period case set of the Order of the Nile sash, sash badge, and breast star (https://www.emedals.com/egypt-republic-an-order-of-the-nile-i-class-grand-cordon-with-case-c-1955). This set is identified as dating to approximately 1955. Although the label is for the Tewfik Bichay workshop, a business card pasted into the bottom of the case (shown below) is that of Fahmy Tewfik Bichay (the son of Tewfik Bichay). Both the label above and the business card below give the workshop address on 40 Talaat Harb Street, in downtown Cairo and the telephone number ([202] 779558). Business card of Fahmy Tewfik Bichay glued into the base of the same eMedals auction offering of a 1st Class Republic period Order of the Nile. Photo of a gold foil case label of Fahmy Tewfik Bichay in a cased set identified as a 2nd Class Grand Officer Order of the Republic (Type II). The label is fixed to the lower left portion of the lid interior (above the compartment for the neck badge). This is from a current auction on the My Militaria e-shop website (http://www.mymilitaria-eshop.com/prestashop/home/8014-egitto-grande-uff.html). Military issue (1941) identity card of Fahmy Tewfik Bichay (spelled "Fahmi Tawfik Beshay") from a section of the MP Antique et Militaria website (http://www.militaria.qc.ca/air-force/south-africa.html) illustrating South African Air Force pins that the site moderator obtained personally from Fahmy Tewfik Bichay in the 1950s after he emigrated to Canada. (http://www.militaria.qc.ca/air-force/south-africa.html)
  13. I have some supplemental information about two very high resolution images of a 2nd Class Grand Officer Order of Ismail that I illustrated on 21 April, 2018 on this thread. I encountered these images (re-posted below) on a Pinterest site (the neck badge: https://www.pinterest.com/pin/298433912792222444/?nic=1; and the breast star: https://www.pinterest.com/pin/7881368074139698/?nic=1). I posted these very high resolution images to show the detail of the 3D engraving on the gold and enamel arms of the star on the sash badge and on the breast star, as well as for the exceptional detail these two images provide of the award design and execution. I have recently found their source as an auction posting from a November 2012 auction by Stack's Bowers Galleries archived on the acsearch.info website (https://www.acsearch.info/search.html?id=1430371). The auction description correctly identifies this as a 2nd Class set made by Lattes. It provides dimensions for the neck badges as 78.3 mm (tall) X 51.3 mm (wide) and weighing 46.4 g. The height is in agreement with measurements of other examples, the width appears incorrect, as most neck badges are reported between 60-62 mm. The weight is close to that identified for other neck badges (~47-48.6 g). The auction description provides no dimensions for the breast star. Although no photos of the reverse of these medals are provided, the auction listing describes the hallmarks, identifying the date hallmark of "C:" for both of the neck badge and breast star, indicating a manufacturing date of 1928-1929. The dimensions of the leather-covered presentation case (not illustrated) are given as 9.5 inches (241.3 mm long) X 4.75 inches (120.6 mm wide) X 2.25 inches ( 57.15 mm deep). Vey high resolution image of the neck badge of the Grand Officer Class (2nd) of the Order of Ismail from the November 2012 auction by Stack's Bowers Galleries November 2012 auction archived on the acsearch.info website. This image can be enlarged for excellent detail of the obverse of the neck badge. Vey high resolution image of the breast star of the Grand Officer Class (2nd) of the Order of Ismail from the November 2012 auction by Stack's Bowers Galleries November 2012 auction archived on the acsearch.info website. This image can be enlarged for excellent detail of the obverse of the breast star design. I also recently came across a good set of iilustrations on the eMedals site of a presentation case (empty) for a 4th Class Knight Order of Ismail breast badge from a February 2019 auction (https://www.emedals.com/egypt-kingdom-an-order-of-ismail-iv-class-officer-case-c-1950). The description identifies the case as belonging to a 4th Class of this Order, with an exterior lid cider of King Farouk I, and an interior label for J. Lattes of Cairo. This listing provides a detailed description of the materials the case is made from and its dimensions. The hardshell case is not identified as being covered in leather, although it is, but the description states that the ornamented border is in gold ink (as the cipher should be as well). The lining of the interior lid is stated to be white satin, the "J. Lattes Cairo" label inserted into the upper left corner of the lid interior is identified as a white satin ribbon. The lower base of the case is identified as a cardboard insert covered in cream-colored felt for the recessed medal bed, with a push release latch on the exterior. The exterior dimensions of the case are 127 mm long X 90.5 mm wide X 31.5 mm deep. Exterior upper lid of the eMedal case for a 4th Class Knight Order of Ismail showing the gold cipher for King Fuad I and the decorative border. Superior view of the same Medals case opened, showing the medal bed and compartment for the suspension ribbon of the same 4th Class award. Close up view of the medal bed and compartment for the suspension ribbon, also detailing a view of the push release closure. Oblique view of the same opened eMedals case. Oblique view of the same Knight's Class order of Ismail case showing thesis, lid, and push release button. View of the plain push release button on this eMedals case for a Knight's Class Order of Ismail breast badge. Interior detail of the upper case lid showing the Arabic inscription and the white satin ribbon insert label for "J. Lattes, Cairo". May I trouble one of GMIC's Arab speakers to provide a translation of the lid interior inscription? I assume the Arabic inscription identifies J. Lattes, possibly with the additional qualifier of "supplier to H.M. The King of Egypt and to the State, Cairo" that appears on printed French inscriptions ("J. LATTES, FOURNISSEUR DE S.M. Le ROI D’EGYPTE & DE L’ÉTAT, LE CAIRE") commonly seen on examples of cases for the Order of the Nile. I am including below a few comparative photos of other cases for the Order of Ismail, to illustrate a few differences and similarities in case configurations among available illustrations of the different classes of this word. These mostly document examples made by Lattes, but a small number of Bichay cases also are illustrated on auction site and other web locations. I have posted some of the below images previously, but am adding them here to document some of the the visual information about cases together in this post. These cases are made of wood, overlain on the exterior probably with leather (?).Several described cases for other Egyptian awards identify colored paper as the covering (and different awards have different colored cases), often a different color for the underside of the case from the upper sides and lid. For example, most Kingdom era Order of the Nile cases are identified as covered in blue paper with either black or a different hue of blue paper on the underside. As noted, the interiors have a cardboard medal bed coated in a felt, and the loss are lined in a white or cream satin fabric. View of an open case with a 4th Class Knight Order of Ismail, from a past Heritage Auctions offering identified as 58 mm in width that lacks it's suspension ribbon. Note the use of more elaborate latch hardware on this case compared with some of the other Lattes cases shown in this post. This appears similar to pull or flip release catch shown in the 7th-12th photos below of the 2nd Class Grand Officer cased set from a December 2017 eBay auction (see especially the 8th and 12th photos below) previously illustrated 2 enlarged and higher resolution images of this breast badge in my post of 21 February, 2019 post on this thread. (From https://historical.ha.com/itm/military-and-patriotic/foreign-wars/egyptian-order-of-ismail-by-lattes-of-cairo/a/6156-40197.s) A more detailed view of the same 4th Class Knight Order of Ismail breast badge in the medal bed of its case from a made by J. Lattes from an auction of June 2016 by Heritage Auctions (previously unsold from a December 2015 auction). Note that the medal bed of the Lattes example above from the February 2019 eMedals auction has longer recessed cutouts for the gold star arms compared with this Heritage Auctions example. I posted this same image, and a close-up of the suspension ring and crown suspension device in my previous post of 21 February, 2019 on this thread to illustrate some of the gold hallmark locations on the 4th Class of this award. (From: https://historical.ha.com/itm/military-and-patriotic/foreign-wars/egyptian-order-of-ismail-by-lattes-of-cairo/a/6144-47429.s) An example of a 4th Class breast badge in its presentation case made by Tewfik Bichay. I previously posted this photo in my post of 15 November, 2017 on this thread to illustrate an example of the Tewfik Bichay label for an example of the Order of Ismail. This case has more decorative latch hardware. I cannot determine the color of the leather covering in this example. (From:https://www.flickr.com/photos/dereenb/8059318294) Photo of a 3rd Class Commander neck badge of the Order of Ismail in its presentation case from from Lot 1027 in an April, 2019 auction by Very Important Lot (https://veryimportantlot.com/en/lot/view/egypt-ismail-order-nischan-al-ismail-3-class-175085). Note that the neck ribbon is stored below portions of the medal bed through a rounded trinagular opening rather than in a rectangular compartment as it is for the neck badge of the Grand Officer Class shown below. A white satin ribbon pull tab to assist in removing the medal tray is visible at the upper right margin of the medal tray. This case also has plain push release hardware. I previously posted this photo, the one below, an oblique view of the same neck badge on the medal bed, two views of hallmark placements on this example, and two photos showing the inner lid and exterior of the case initially on 17 April, 2019 on this thread. Image of the reverse of the same 3rd Class Commander's neck badge showing the cutout configuration of the medal bed in the case for this same Very Important Lot example as shown above. Another image of a cased 3rd Class Commander Class neck badge made by J. Lattes in its case, partially showing the same triangular cutout for the ribbon rather than the rectangular compartment seen for the Grand Officer Class neck badge or the example made by Fahmy Tewfik Bichay. The white satin ribbon pull tab to remove the medal tray also is visible in this photo at the upper right margin of the tray. This Lattes case also has plain latch hardware. I previously posted the 1st photo of my post of 14 November, 2017 on this thread. From: https://www.flickr.com/photos/kelisli/3050711171/in/photolist-5DDZo3-5DzGe2-5DDZnJ-5DzGez-5DzG7K-5DzG9i-5DzG9t-5DDZpm-etugA2-etxrPf-j9yp2D-etugAx-GSgy3-j9usEt-5DCuqk-j9tPte-j6HSDH-5DCuzz-j9uDC1-5DGMAU) A 3rd Class Commander neck badge made by Lattes from a January 2018 eMedals auction (https://www.emedals.com/egypt-kingdom-an-order-of-ismail-in-gold-1st-class-commander-by-j-lattes-c-1925) showing the rounded triangular cutout for the neck ribbon.The satin ribbon pull also is visible in the upper left margin of the case, as in the other examples above. This case uses the plain push release latch hardware. This neck badge is hallmarked "A" indicating manufacture in 1925-1926. I have previously illustrated this neck badge in the 3rd photo of my post of 13 December, 2018 (and hallmarks on the suspension loop attached to the crown suspension device in the 6th photo on that 13 December post) on this thread and to show hallmarks in the 7th-9th photos of my post of 11 January, 2019. Also see Owain's six high resolution illustrations of a 3rd Class Commander's neck badge made by Fahmy Tewfik Bichay in a case marked "TEWFIK BICHAI" (his father) in his post of 5 April, 2018 on this thread: Owain's photos show that, unlike the Lattes cases for the 3rd Class award, the ribbon is housed in a rectangular compartment of this red leather Bichay case as is the neck badge of the 2nd Class awards in Lattes cases. The satin ribbon pull is visible in at the lower left of that compartment, similarly place to the pull on the Lattes cases for the 2nd Class and 1st Class awards. It appears that the Bichay example Owain illustrated has more decorative latch hardware. The Eisenhower example made by Tewfik Bichay, illustrated above in the last photo of my post of 17 September, 2019 also is associated with a red, rather than brown, leather covered case. Below are several photos of an Order of Ismail 2nd Class Grand Officer award made by Lattes in its presentation case from a December 2017 auction on eBay (https://www.ebay.com/itm/EGYPT-ORDER-OF-THE-ISMAIL-2ND-CLASS-GRAND-OFFICER-ORIGINAL-CASE-RIBBON-RARE/222734299477?hash=item33dbffb155:g:5jQAAOSwQwBZkILL). View of the lid of the December 2017 eBay Grand Officer cased set showing the decorative border and cipher of King Fuad I. Although the leather covering of this case appears green int this photo, the other images of the case (see below) show the color as brown. Photo of the same 2nd Class cased set showing the medals on the medal bed with the J. Lattes name on the ribbon insert and Arabic inscription visible on the satin lining of the lid. Note the cutout at the inferior margin of the breast star to aid in lifting the piece from the medal bed. The white satin pull tab to lift out the medal bed is visible on the lower right of the compartment for the neck ribbon. Also note the uncommon decorative latch hardware visible on the margin of the upper lid in this photo (discussed below in the 4th photo below showing a close-up view of this latch). Closer view of the neck badge and breast str resting in the medal bed of this same eBay Grand Officer set. Close-up view of the neck badge of this December 2017 eBay Grand Officer award resting in the medal bed with the neck ribbon in the rectangular compartment at the end of the case (a similar configuration as used for the case of the 1st Class Grand Cordon Class. Although I have not encountered measurements for either the 2nd Class or 1st Class awards, the 1st class case is likely a bit larger to accommodate the sash and slightly larger breast star. Close-up view of the breast star of this same eBay Grand Cordon cased set. Again, note the inferior cutout to assist in removing the breast star. Close up view of the exterior of the pull release catch and an exterior catch assembly for the same eBay 2nd Class cased Grand Cordon set award. Note the more elaborate fittings for the button and catch than seen on the illustrated 4th Class example above or other examples shown on this thread, as well as the push release latch's laurel wreath. I have not seen many other photos showing this latch configuration for more than one other example of a case for the Order of Ismail. That single example is shown above in the 10th photo on this post of the 4th Class Knight Order of Ismail from the Heritage Auctions website. However, this latch form, and a variety of others, are more common on cases for the Order of the Nile. Both plain and elaborate hardware for the push release catches are seen across all classes of the Order of the Nile. Cased named 2nd Class Grand Officer Class set awarded to the Italian physician Dr. Giovanni Quirico from a 2017 auction archived on the La Galerie Numimatique website (https://www.coins-la-galerie-numismatique.com/auction-33-day-1/order-ismail). This also shows the cutout at the inferior margin of the breast star for removal of the piece and the white satin pull at the upper right of the rectangular compartment for the neck ribbon. This cases is fitted with plain latch hardware. I have previously noted several times in this thread that I thought the silver embellishment of the breast star on this example has been unfortunately rotated into an incorrect position. However, viewing the calligraphy of the "Ismail" inscription in the center medallion (and the position of the gold star's arms) it is apparent that it is the gold star has been incorrectly re-oriented. The gold star is oriented upside down on the breast star in the above photo. The hinge of the tunic pin can be seen in its correct 12:00 o'clock position, but the superior arm of the gold star is pointed downwards (the incorrect 6:00 o'clock position). On re-examination of the calligraphy of the neck badge, it is clear that it also is shown in an inverted position in this photo. The central medallion is incorrectly rotated to an upside down position in this photo, but the superior arm of the star must be in the correct position attached to the crown suspension device. It appears that orientation was not related to a completed incorrect repair when this photo was taken. Another photo of the neck badge from this auction listing shows the central medallion almost oriented correctly, slightly offset to the viewer's left of the correct orientation. This suggests at least the neck badge may not have been "repaired" to the wrong configuration, but that the medallion is loose, appearing in two different incorrect configurations, although the listed condition of this piece is "best". Photo of a cased 1st Class Grand Cordon set of the Order of Ismail made by Lattes from a April 2018 auction, Lot 0560, by La Galerie Numismatique and archived on the liveauctionees.com website (https://www.liveauctioneers.com/item/60483636_order-of-ismail#&gid=1&pid=5). The white satin pull tab to lift out the medal bed also is visible on the lower right of the compartment for the sash. This case uses plain, unembellished latch hardware. I previously illustrated this set (with several additional photos, especially to detail hallmarks on this set) in my post of 22 February, 2019 on this thread.
  14. 922F, Many thanks for posting this information and the image of the different suspension swivel devices for the sash badge. I am most grateful to see such details about these swivel atttachments and your follow-up on the points about material scarcity affecting the availability of components of Egyptian awards. Fascinating background on these components in relation to the political and economic times when these awards were manufactured! I'm not surprised by your knowledge, but was delighted to see this posted information. I have a few more points and images about the Eisenhower Grand Cordon Order of Ismail to include here. The Museum Registrar suggested that the dye colors of the sash may not (necessarily) be an example of the difficulty 922F mentioned in obtaining good quality dyes in his post of 5 April, 2018. It appears that the original colors of the Eisenhower sash were similarly brilliant to other Grand Cordon examples shown in this thread. Perhaps the shortages that 922F mentions from conversations with Fahmy Tewfik Bichay that included ribbons involved both dyes of less brilliant original colors and dyes that were less stable. This could have been similar to the above illustrated and described variation in the swivel suspension devices 922F provides where shortages included several different temporal problems and work-arounds in obtaining materials needed for these Egyptian awards. The Museum Registrar at the Dwight D. Eisenhower Presidential Library and Museum has written me that the more muted colors are due to fading of the ribbon from exposure to UV light, and sent the below image (2nd photo) of the more vibrant coloration of a reverse portion of the sash. The sash and sash badge are currently "on rest", meaning they are being curated away from UV light sources (mostly daylight). However, I think that 922F's point is still relevant as perhaps these dye lots were less color-fast and suffered UV degradation that is uncommonly seen in earlier examples of the Order of Ismail I have illustrated on this thread, principally made by J. Lattes. I doubt that many of the Grand Cordon examples from auction sites have been as carefully protected from UV light for most of their post-award existence as this example from the Dwight D. Eisenhower Presidential Library and Museum in the National Archives and Records Administration. I think that 922F's information from Fahmy Tewfik Bichay suggests the potential for at least a couple of dye problems that have resulted in the unusual colors he noted on the ribbon of Owain's 3rd Class neck badge that was illustrated on this thread 5 April, 2018, and on the other examples of color and different stripe widths 922F notes in that post, as well as the susceptibility to fading on the Eisenhower example. This suggests a range of work-around solutions as the reason for these color differences rather than the recognition of a classificatory "type two" ribbon variety as Owain's example originally indicated as possible explanation. I do not have a good image of the hallmarks that allow an unambiguous identification of the year of manufacture, although it appears likely to be 1945-1946 (see below) but the maker of this set is Tewfik Bichay (also see below). All of the photos below are courtesy of the Museum Registrar of the Dwight D. Eisenhower Presidential Library and Museum, National Archives and Records Administration. Another image of the obverse of the sash of the Eisenhower Grand Cordon Class of the Order of Ismail showing the faded colors of the sash. The sash badge has been reversed in this image, and, although not of good resolution, the Tewfik Bichay hallmark is visible. The catalog number for the Dwight D. Eisenhower Presidential Library and Museum is written on the reverse of the badge, 61-195.1. Note that the bow of this example lacks the zig zag margins (pinking edge) as seen on the ends of the sash ribbon and present on almost all of the J. Lattes examples I have seen photos of and shown here on this GMIC with the better resolution images I have posted in this thread (see the photos in my posts of: 13 November, 2017 [3rd photo]; 6 December, 2017 - this is the same as shown in the 1st photo of my post of 13 December, 2018; and note the example Illustrated in the 2nd photo on 22 February, 2019 that is ambiguous in relation to the configuration of the bow margins and exhibits frayed margins of the ends of the sash ribbon). Zig zag margins of cloth are sometimes employed to limit the extent of fraying of cloth edges, but are probably at least partially decorative on these and other award sashes[?], but may also be used because of the potential wear to this portion of the sash. The museum catalog description identifies the dimensions of the sash badge as: 8.2 cm tall (only extending to the top of the star above the crescent and not including the uppermost portion of the suspension loop); the length of each arm of the gold and blue enamel arm of the star is measured as 2.4 cm (from the finial to where the arm meets the gold border of central round center of the badge); the height of the crown suspension device is 1.8 cm (from the inferior "headband opening" of the crown to the top of the star above the crescent); the width of the crown is 2.0 cm; the anterior to posterior dimension of the suspension loop attached to the crown device is given as 1.0 cm, and the total maximum thickness of the piece (from the obverse central enamel medallion boss with the calligraphy for "Ismail" to the center of the reverse boss) as 1.3 cm. The thickness of the central obverse medallion boss is 0.5 cm, the body of the star is 0.5 cm thick, and the revers boss is 0.3 cm. No maximum width is identified in the catalog description and illustration. Image of the reverse of the Eisenhower Order of Ismail sash showing the less faded colors of the sash ribbon that must have been exposed to less UV degradation than the obverse. However, note that the the two exterior margins show fading of the lateral red stripes, and there appears to be some color loss on parts of the blue portion, especially on the viewer's right side. Non-aniline red dyes can be particularly unstable in retaining their original color. This image shows nice detail of the reverse of the decorative ribbon knot that is rarely seen in photographs from auction sites of the Grand Cordon Class of the Order of Ismail. Reverse of the Eisenhower Order of Ismail breast star showing the hallmark of Tewfik Bichay. Only a portion of the the Cairo assay office gold hallmarks are visible on the gold star ray in the viewer's approximately 2:30 position. This is a compete set of 3 Egyptian gold hallmarks, but only the Cairo assay office identification of 18 carat gold can be distinguished. A single silver hallmark is visible in the center of the (viewer's) lower right of the reverse of the silver faceted embellishment. This appears to identify a manufacture date of 1945-1946. The Museum Registrar suggested that the discrepancy in the identified award date of this 1st Class Order of Ismail, the recorded 24 May, 1947 date in contrast with the taped paper strip on the presentation case 29 May, 1947 (noted in relation to the last photo of my previous post here of 17 September, 2019) may be due to the 24 May date referring to when King Farouk I signed the award brevet and 29 May as the date when it was actually presented to General Eisenhower in Washington, DC by the Egyptian Ambassador. The catalog number of this breast star is 61-195.2, written on the reverse silver boss. Closer detail of the Tewfik Bichay hallmark on the reverse of the Eisenhower breast star of theOrder of Ismail. The dimensions of the breast star are identified in the catalog documentation as: the diameter is 8.2 cm; the length of the longest ray of the silver embellishment measures 2.5 cm (from the exposed obverse portion between the arms of the gold star to the outermost position of the longest central ray); the arms of the gold and enamel star rays are 2.8 cm (from the outer end of the gold margin of each arm -excluding the finial- to where they meet the outermost, plain margin of the central medallion border); the length of each star arm including the finial gold and enamel balls is 3.3.cm; the thickness of each of the exterior and interior plain gold borders of that surrounds the ring of raised hemispheres are each 0.2 cm; the obverse central medallion boss with the calligraphic inscription of "Ismail" is 1.3 cm in diameter; the diameter of the interior of the obverse medallion that extends to the outer margin of the wreath where it meets the margin of the border of raised gold hemispheres is 2.8 cm; the diameter of the obverse central medallion boss bounded by the border of raised gold hemispheres is 3.3 cm; the maximum thickness through the central medallion is 2.4 cm. The award brevet to Dwight D. Eisenhower signed by King Farouk I. Note the embossed royal coat of arms at the top center of the award document and the embossed symbol of the breast star of the Order of Ismail on the lower right of the document. I have seen close-up images of the embossed symbol for the Order of the Nile that must have come from such an award brevet, but this is the only image I have encountered of the embossed symbol for the Order of Ismail. The award brevet I illustrated in the 6th photo in my post of 14 November, 2017 on this thread showing the 2nd Class Grand Officer Order of Ismail awarded to the Italian physician Dr. Giovanni Quirico (with a manufacturing date hallmark of 1924-1925, unfortunately the breast star has been incorrectly reconfigured) by King Fuad I that shows the royal coat of arms at the top of the page but lacks the embossed breast star device on the lower left. I do not know whether this difference may be due to the temporal distinctions between King Fuad I and King Farouk I's reigns or because they represent different classes of the Order of Ismail. Note the identified award date on the legend attached to the mat as 24 May, 1947. The catalog identification of this matted document is the archive location: Box 4 Book 4 Folder 2 #22. Translation of the award brevet provided to General Eisenhower at the time of the presentation of the Order of Ismail to him by the Egyptian Ambassador. Catalog identifier: Box 4 Book 4 Folder 2 #22a.
  15. I want to correct an error I made regarding the hallmark of Stobbe of Alexandria who manufactured some of the Mixed Courts' judicial badges. In my discussion of different hallmarks on these badges on my post of 28 February, 2019 I identified the Stobbe hallmark as including the word "ALEXANDRIE". The French spelling is incorrect for this hallmark, it is actually "ALEXANDRIA" on the 2 examples where I have been able to find photographs of these hallmarks. Above is the Stobbe hallmark on a gold and silver District Courts badge from a Baldwins’ auction of December 2014 (lot 844) archived on The Saleroom.com website that I have illustrated the obverse side of in past posts on this thread. I have previously illustrated the obverse and reverse of this badge in the first photo of my initial post starting this thread on 17 November, 2016, in the 6th photo of post of March 24, 2017, and in my correction of misidentifying this badge as an Appeals Court badge form on my post of April 4, 2017. Although obscured by the tunic pin, it appears in this close-up image of the Stobbe hallmark that the final letter is more probably "A" than "E". As I noted in the hallmark discussion in my post of of 28 February, 2019, the uppermost portion of the hallmark is "STOBBE"; the center inscription is "900" (indicating 900 or 90% silver purity); and the bottom inscription is "ALEXANDRIA". (From https://www.the-saleroom.com/en-gb/auction-catalogues/baldwins/catalogue-id-srbal10006/lot-895754ae-9b9f-4f06-9d11-a3fe00ab0fe1) Reverse of a Mixed Courts judicial badge from a May 2015 auction by Fritz Rudolf Künker GmbH & Co. KG (Lot 49) that is archived on the acsearch.com website. I previously illustrated the obverse and revers of this badge in my post of 31 October, 2018 on this thread. This badge is described as silver with gold gilding, although the usual locations of the gilding are difficult to distinguish in the image of the obverse of this badge. In my 31 October post I identified this as a silver badge. Although this image is not as high-resolution as the one above, it is fairly clear that the last 3 letters to the right of the tunic pin in the 2nd line of the hallmark inscription are "...DRIA" , with the form of the "A" contrasting with the "E" in "STOBBE". As described in my 28 February, 2019 post, unlike the Baldwin's example above, this hallmark on this Künker auction badge has a symbol on the left of the upper inscription line followed by "STOBBE" and then at the right end of the upper line is the "900" silver purity designation. The bottom line reads "ALEXANDRIA". (From:https://www.acsearch.info/search.html?id=4974323) I have not found a significant amount of background information yet about Rudolf Stobbe, but he appears to have been a German jeweler. He had a shop at 29 Rue Chérif Pacha near Opera Square in Alexandria, close to where Wolf Horovitz (another manufacturer of judicial badges for the Mixed Courts) had his shop (at 26 Rue Chérif Pacha), and the same street where Zivy Frères & Cie. (at 10 Rue Chérif Pacha) was located as well (I illustrated one example of a judicial badge made by Zivy Frères on 24 April, 2019 in this thread). Below are a few advertisements for Stobbe, apparently from unidentified newspapers. All of these 3 images below are from the website www.925-1000.com, an online hallmarks database and silver research site that includes some information on Egyptian early 20th century jewelers (from: https://www.925-1000.com/forum/viewtopic.php?t=53896). Newspaper advertisement identifying Rudolf Stobbe as a jeweler in Alexandria and as a representative in Alexandria of Arthur Krupp, the well-known Austrian metalworker (Berndorfer Metallwarenfabrik Arthur Krupp A.G. Berndorf). This advertisement is identified as from 1904. This newspaper advertisement for Rudolf Stobbe is identified as from 1907. The above brief newspaper mention of Rudolf Stobbe also is identified as from 1907. The www.925-1000.com website also has an illustration and some information about Wolf Horovitz, who also manufactured Mixed Court judicial badges (see my post of 1 December, 2018 on this thread). Above is a 1935 Horovitz hallmark identifying silver that was made in England for his distribution in Alexandria. This reads: "FABRIQUE EN ANGLETERRE/POUR/W. HOROVITZ/26 RUE CHERIF PACHA/ALEXANDRIE". Horovitz had similar marks for material made in France that he sold in Alexandria labeled:"FABRIQUE EN FRANCE/POUR/W. HOROVITZ/26 RUE CHERIF PACHA/ALEXANDRIE". This website correctly identifies his name as Wolf Zeev Horovitz, and gives his birthdate as 18 August, 1883 in Alexandria, Egypt and his date of death as 16 February, 1959 in Geneva Switzerland. I previously included some incorrect information in my post of 1 December, 2018. I illustrated a Horovitz judicial badge and stated that he was Romanian who had settled in Alexandria to open his business. He may have been of Romanian descent, but several more recent sources I have found all identify his birthplace as Alexandria. (From: https://www.925-1000.com/forum/viewtopic.php?f=38&t=53896&p=171016&hilit=Stobbe#p171016) A better resolution image from the Grabek in Lublin Antique Silver website of a hallmark on silver made in France for distribution by Wolf Horovitz in Alexandria. The hallmarks above the Horovitz diamond-shaped mark are presumably French. (From: http://grabekwlublinie.pl/en/305_wolf-horovitz) Undated photograph of Wolf Zeev Horovitz from the Geni.com genealogy website (https://www.geni.com/people/Wolf-Zeev-Horovitz/6000000002383946981). Horovitz was known for having a local and more élite clientele, in addition to providing jewelry and possibly other goods to the Royal courts of both King Fuad I and King Farouk I. While I am making corrections, I will also rectify a mistake I made in identifying the position of one of the judges in the portrait of the District Court of Mansourah in my post of 21 August, 2019 on this thread. In that post I listed a couple of individuals in the first photo, and identified the position of Judge Maurice de Wee incorrectly. I identified Maurice de Wee (Belgium, Vice-President, and the subject of a portrait painting by Mahmoud Saïd shown in the 3rd photo of that same post) as in the 1st row, seated 2nd from left. That position is where Mahmoud Saïd (Egypt, Chef du Parquet) is seated. Maurice de Wee is seated 2nd from the right in that portrait photo. Judge de Wee also is shown in the portrait of the Mansourah District Court I posted on 3 September, 2019 in this thread.
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