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Spanish Order of Naval Merit awarded to Kriegsmarine admirals


Kriegsmarine Admiral
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Hello Spanish experts!

I need help with the Spanish Order of Naval Merit awarded to Kriegsmarine admirals. Please help me confirm the classes and award dates for some Kriegsmarine admirals. For some admirals I don't have the award dates.

I already got some information regarding this topic from Antonio Prieto. He was unable to find if Paul Fanger was awarded the Order of Naval Merit, but I have photographic evidence.

Also, if you are able, please post the source for the information.

 

P.S.  I will also make two more threads, one for the Spanish Order of Military Merit and the other for the Order of Mehdauia. Keep an eye out for those.

 

1) Kurt Fricke: 
- Spanish Order of Naval Merit 3rd Class with White Decoration (21 August 1939)

 

2) Hellmuth Heye:
- Spanish Order of Naval Merit 3rd Class with White Decoration (20 August 1939, Approved on 6 May 1940)

 

3) Leopold Bürkner:
- Spanish Order of Naval Merit 2nd Class with White Decoration (28 February 1935)

 

4) Wilhelm Friedrich (Wilfried) von Loewenfeld:
- Spanish Order of Naval Merit 1st Class with White Decoration

 

5) Hasso von Bredow:
- Spanish Order of Naval Merit 1st Class with White Decoration

 

6) Edmund Schulz:
- Spanish Order of Naval Merit 1st Class with White Decoration


7) Gustav Kleikamp:
- Spanish Order of Naval Merit 3rd Class with White Decoration

Or possibly the 1st Class?

 

8 ) Otto Ciliax:
- Spanish Order of Naval Merit 3rd Class with White Decoration (21 August 1939)
- Spanish Order of Naval Merit 3rd Class with Gold Decoration (21 August 1939)

I guess one of these is wrong.

 

9) Paul Fanger:
- Spanish Order of Naval Merit 3rd Class with White Decoration (not confirmed)

 

10) Joachim Lietzmann:
- Spanish Order of Naval Merit 2nd Class with White Decoration (23 January 1932)

 

11) Rolf Carls:
- Grand Cross of the Spanish Order of Naval Merit with White Decoration (25 August 1939, Approved on 6 May 1940)

 

12) Karl Dönitz:
- Grand Cross of the Spanish Order of Naval Merit with White Decoration (10 June 1940)

 

13) Wilhelm Canaris:
- Spanish Order of Naval Merit 2nd Class with White Decoration (1927)
- Spanish Order of Naval Merit 3rd Class with White Decoration (16 November 1928)
- Grand Cross of the Spanish Order of Naval Merit with White Decoration (1939)

 

14) Walter Gladisch:
- Grand Cross of the Spanish Order of Naval Merit with White Decoration (24 March 1930)

 

15) Hubert Schmundt:
- Grand Cross of the Spanish Order of Naval Merit with White Decoration (21 August 1939, Approved on 19 January 1940)

 

16) Hermann von Fischel:
- Grand Cross of the Spanish Order of Naval Merit with White Decoration (21 August 1939)

 

17) Otto Schniewind:
- Grand Cross of the Spanish Order of Naval Merit with White Decoration (21 August 1939)

 

18) Hermann Boehm:
- Grand Cross of the Spanish Order of Naval Merit with White Decoration

 

19) Erich Raeder:
- Grand Cross of the Spanish Order of Naval Merit with White Decoration (16 November 1928 or 17 September 1930 ???)
- Grand Cross of the Spanish Order of Naval Merit with White Decoration (21 August 1939)

Why was he awarded it twice?

 

20) Karl-Jesko von Puttkamer:
- Spanish Order of Naval Merit 1st Class with White Decoration

 

21) Walter Georg Lohmann:
- Spanish Order of Naval Merit (Class Unknown)

 

22) Paul Wülfing von Ditten:
- Grand Cross of the Spanish Order of Naval Merit with White Decoration (16 November 1928)

 

23) Paul Wever:
- Spanish Order of Naval Merit 2nd Class with White Decoration (23 January 1932, Approved on 28 March 1934)

 

24) Helmuth Brinkmann:
- Spanish Order of Naval Merit 2nd Class with White Decoration (21 September 1934, Approved on 8 November 1934)

 

25) Erhard Maertens:
- Spanish Order of Naval Merit 2nd Class with White Decoration (21 September 1934)

 

Many thanks for any help!

Edited by Kriegsmarine Admiral
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19) Erich (Hans Albert) Raeder:
- Grand Cross of the Spanish Order of Naval Merit with White Decoration (16 November 1928), awarded by HM the King Alfonso XIII for the attentions received while passing through Kiel on the occasion of the trip to Sweden
- Grand Cross of the Spanish Order of Naval Merit with White Decoration (17 September 1930) for special services rendered to the Spanish Navy, with reason for the visit of the Destroyer Squadron to the German Baltic ports

 

20) Karl-Jesko von Puttkamer:
- Spanish Order of Naval Merit 1st Class with White Decoration (16 November 1928), awarded by HM the King Alfonso XIII for the attentions received while passing through Kiel on the occasion of the trip to Sweden. See file Kiel.pdf

 

13) Wilhelm Canaris:
- Spanish Order of Naval Merit 2nd Class with White Decoration (16 November 1928)

, awarded by HM the King Alfonso XIII for the attentions received while passing through Kiel on the occasion of the trip to Sweden. See file Kiel.pdf

 

 

Raeder.pdf Kiel.pdf

Edited by Antonio Prieto
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Thank you very much Antonio!

Regarding Canaris, do you know when he was awarded the 3rd Class then? The info above comes from his Personalakte. Since the 3rd Class was higher than the 2nd Class, I thought the info from his Personalakte was switched. See below, it says he first got the 3rd Class and then the 2nd Class. Isn't this wrong?

Canaris.jpg

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At the moment it is the information that I have found. Something else may appear.

The classes of these crosses are usually by ranks, and it is not necessary to be the lower category

In general

Silver, for the classes and individuals of sailors and troops.

1st class, for officers and assimilates.

2nd, for corvette captains, frigate captains, commanders, lieutenant colonels and assimilates.

3rd, navy captains, colonels and assimilated.

Grand Cross, admiral, general and similar officers.

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Königlich Spanischer Orden für Verdienste zur See, Kreuz III. Klasse (II. Klasse?) am 16. Mai 1927

Königlich Spanischer Orden für Verdienste zur See, Kreuz II. Klasse (III. KLasse?) am 16. November 1928

Edited by Deutschritter
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25 minutes ago, Deutschritter said:

Königlich Spanischer Orden für Verdienste zur See, Kreuz III. Klasse (II. Klasse?) am 16. Mai 1927

Königlich Spanischer Orden für Verdienste zur See, Kreuz II. Klasse (III. KLasse?) am 16. November 1928

Your source? I suppose these are the dates for Canaris' awards.

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I read it here. but I am pretty sure the Personalakte of Canaris got it wrong, seeing the 4th class is the highest. But maybe the German Stellen did this deliberately to avoid mix-ups, because the German counting methods were and are different?

 

Interesting is the notice in DEL MINISTERIO DE MARINA, Canaris received 2nd class on 16 November 1928. So maybe, just maybe he received not the 3rd class 1927 but the 1st and therefore lowest class? Maybe the people who wrote the Personalakte saw the 2nd class, knew he had the lower class 1927 and classified this lower class the German way as 3rd class instead of correctly 1st class???

 

Did you know Canaris had the Deutsches Spanien-Kreuz in Gold mit Schwertern (Bundesarchiv)?

Edited by Deutschritter
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1 hour ago, Deutschritter said:

I read it here. but I am pretty sure the Personalakte of Canaris got it wrong, seeing the 4th class is the highest. But maybe the German Stellen did this deliberately to avoid mix-ups, because the German counting methods were and are different?

I think you are quite right that they got it wrong. Since we have no proof that he was awarded the 1st Class, I deleted the 3rd Class and kept the 2nd Class with the date 16.11.1928.

1 hour ago, Deutschritter said:

Did you know Canaris had the Deutsches Spanien-Kreuz in Gold mit Schwertern (Bundesarchiv)?

Yes, I knew. There is also photographic evidence as proof.

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This surprises me; Bundesarchiv:

Spanisches "Cruz de tercera clase de la Orden del Merito Naval" 16. Mai 1927

... Genehmigung des Reichspräsidenten zur Annahme des Kreuzes III. Klasse des Königlich Spanischen Ordens für Verdienste zur See 28. März 1934

Spanisches "Cruz de segunda clase de la Orden de Merito Naval" 16. Nov. 1928
... Genehmigung des Reichspräsidenten zur Annahme des Kreuzes II. Klasse des Königlich Spanischen Ordens für Verdienste zur See 28. März 1934

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On 07/01/2022 at 20:18, Deutschritter said:

This surprises me; Bundesarchiv

I know, me too. Both the Personalakte and the Bundesarchiv page state that he was first awarded the 3rd Class in 1927 and then the 2nd Class in 1928. But this simply isn't possible, because, as you said, the 3rd Class is higher than the 2nd Class. We have the proof from the Spanish period document that says he was awarded the 2nd Class in 1928. Until we find the same kind of proof for the 3rd (or more likely 1st) Class, I think the best we can do is guess why there is a mistake present. For now, I would not include the 3rd Class on Canaris' list of awards.

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The granting of Grand Cross of the Order of Naval Merit to Canaris. must be prior to October 1937. I do not know the specific date, but at the end of this month it had not been awarded, because they did not have insignia available and that only would get from January 1938. Perhaps it would be imposed in mid-February 1938 on a visit to Burgos

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25 minutes ago, Antonio Prieto said:

The granting of Grand Cross of the Order of Naval Merit to Canaris. must be prior to October 1937. I do not know the specific date, but at the end of this month it had not been awarded, because they did not have insignia available and that only would get from January 1938. Perhaps it would be imposed in mid-February 1938 on a visit to Burgos

The Bundesarchiv site linked by Deutschritter gives the date 17.09.1937 for Canaris' Grand Cross of the Order of Naval Merit.

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