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Gordon Craig

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    People's Republic of Hungary Host

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  1. SCHÜTZENKOMPANIE SEPP INNERKOFLER-SEXTEN Sepp Innerkofler was a WWI Austrian soldier from the Tyrol area of Austria/Italy. He was a well know mountain guide (Berführer) before WWI. He was born in Sesto/Sexten (Italian/German name) 2 December 1861 and died April 18, 1915. The town is located in Italy. According to the2011 census, 95.37% of the population spoke German, 4.36% spoke Italian and 0.27% spoke Ladin. (Ladin Italian: ladino; German: Ladinisch) is a Romance language consisting of a group of dialects that some consider part of a unitary Rhaeto-Romance language, mainly spoken in the Dolomite Mountains in Northern Italy in the provinces of South Tyrol, Trentino, and Belluno, by the Ladin people. It exhibits similarities to Swiss Romansh and Friulian.) After Italy declared war on Austria’Hangary in May of 1915 the Standschtützen became part of the army on both sides. Standschützen were rifle guilds and rifle companies that had existed since the 15th and 16th centuries and repeatedly intervened in the acts of war initially only within and later also outside the borders of Tyrol. A standing gunner was a member of a shooting range where he was enrolled and which he committed himself to the voluntary military protection of the state of Tyrol (or Vorarlberg ). Sepp Innerkofler was a member of one of these Standschützen. He was successful in forming, and leading, a group of mountain guides within the Standschützen that successfully carried out a war of movement within the Alps delaying occupation of the area by Italian troops until Austrian troops arrived. These standschützen prevented an Italian army breakthrough. At this time, Austrian troops were fully occupied fighting the war on the Serbian-Russian front and there were relatively few Austrian soldiers available to oppose the Italians in the Tyrol in May of 1915. Sepp Innerkofler was killed while trying to reconquer the summit of Paternkofel that had been captures by the Italian Alpini. The badge I have in my collection is marked, on the obverse, “STANSCHÜTZENKOMPANIE SEPP INNERFOFLER-SEXTEN-1979". I can not find anything on the net referring to this gathering but it was probably a rifle competition between local Standschützen. The makers mark on the back is to GRANERO a firm that is still producing badges for many organizations. It is a good quality badge in high relief.
  2. ÖSTA, Very interesting photo. Learn something new every day! Thanks very much for posting the picture. Regards, Gordon
  3. Gentlemen, Thanks for all over useful information that you have posted. I knew that the auction house description didn't make much sense and didn't really expect to get any answers to my thread so am very please with your response. larsb001, If I win the auction and decide to sell this miniature I will certainly contact you. Would be able to tell me who the maker of this piece is who who else made these miniatures? Regards, Gordon
  4. Gentlemen and Ladies if one happens to visit the thread, I have an artifact that I am unable to identify. It is a miniature and In the auction description it say "officer distinctive, plated & with two crosses for merit in Italian War". I can't tell if the two marks on the back are makers marks or places where a pin and catch used to be. The picture doesn't seem to fit the artifact description in the auction. Does anyone recognize this items and if so what can you tell me about it? Regards, Gordon
  5. Paul R, On my tunics with ribbons through the second button hole the ends of the each ribbon was sewn individually. Regards, Gordon .
  6. Paul, Thanks for your interest. When I first started my research on these medals I only did it in English and not finding anything useful I started this thread. Since I started the thread I did some searches using Spanish and had much more luck. What I was told above is not correct. There was only one class of medal issued for all combatants and it was the silver one. The silver one issued is two sided like the Gold one. I have found nothing on a silver one sided medal yet so research in this area continues. There was a plan at one time to issue a gold medal for the 30th anniversary of the Malvinas campaign but I do not know if this was ever authorized by the government or not so research on the gold one continues as well. The name of the medal in Spanish is Medalla "El Honorable Congreso a los Combatientes en Malvinas. The medals were issued with the recipients name engraved on the reverse of the medal. The original law states that the name should be on the onverse but this does not appear to be the case in the named medals that I have seen pictures of. They were issued in a black case . A diploma was issued with each medal. Here is the law authorizing the medal' Law 23 118/84 It was sanctioned on September 30, 1984, During the government of Raúl Alfonsín , promulgated through decree 3522 on October 31, 1984 and published in the Official Gazette on November 9, 1984. Article 1. All those who fought in the war for the territorial claim of the Malvinas, Georgias and South Sandwich Islands, in the war actions from April 2 to June 14, 1982, with a medal and a diploma. The medal will be made of steel, on whose obverse they will wear the national colors and the name and surname of the combatant, and on the reverse the inscription "The Honorable Congress of the Nation to the Combatants". In the diploma the legend of the reverse of the medal will be recorded. Article 2. The decorations will be of one and only class for all combatants in the war. Article 3. The civilians and military officers who fought in the war, initiated on April 2, 1982, or in the event of death of the combatant, will be entitled to said decoration, their rightful recipients. Article 4. The Ministry of National Defense shall remit the list of citizens to be honored, except those that are subject to sanctions in accordance with the requirements of the Code of Military Justice, the Criminal Code and / or its complementary laws. Article 5.- The citizen who is not included in the payroll prepared by the Ministry of National Defense, in accordance with the preceding article, may request their incorporation, crediting credibly having intervened in the armed struggle for the territorial claim of the Falkland Islands, Georgias and South Sandwich, in the character of combatant. Regards, Gordon
  7. Gentlemen, I am seeking any, and all, information that anyone can provide me about these Argentine medals. Specifically; 1-when were they authorized; 2-when was the first one awarded; 3-who made the medals; 4-how many were made; 5-did they come in a case or paper packet and what did it look like; 6-how many were awarded. I have been told that the gold medal was awarded to officers and the silver medal to enlisted men. Can anyone give me more information about those awarded/presented with these medals? My thanks in advance for any assistance that forum members can provide. Regards, Gordon
  8. Bob, Thanks for the pictures. The last time I was at this museum the main building was still under construction and the only part open was the small building behind the main one. Is the main museum construction completely finished now? Regards, Gordon
  9. DBR1643, I wouldn't clean this medal. Particularly with this value. Some medals I clean with soap and water but primarily these are medals of relatively low value. Regards, Gordon
  10. I agree with Megan. I find the red hard on the eyes. Regards, Gordon
  11. bolewts58, Thanks for your comments. I posted the medal on the suggested forum earlier this morning. Regards, Grdon
  12. Gentlemen, I have a medal that I am trying to research and seek answers to the following questions on the title medal. 1-What did the ribbon look like that it was suspended from? 2-Was it awarded or just purchased as a memento? 3-Who made the medal? 4-Who were the designers and engravers of the medal? Any info that you can provide on this medal would be appreciated. Regards, Gordon
  13. Gentlemen, Some questions on this medal; 1-What did the ribbon look like that this medal was suspended from? 2-Who manufactured the medal? 3-Who was the designer etc for this medal? 4-Was it awarded or simply purchased as a memento? Any thing that you add regarding information on this medal would be appreciated. Regards, Gordon
  14. BalkanCollector, Yes it is real. I don't have production figures but Romania made a lot of these medals. It is not unusual to find the ribbon for this medal on German ribbon bars of the second world war. I've posted a link to a site I use often for reference purposes. It shows a list of the bars awarded with this medal and pictures of some of the bars. I have not found medals with the bars easy to find. Regards, Gordon https://antique-photos.com/en/awardsdatabase/kingdom-romania/408-crusade-against-communism-medal.html
  15. Wessel Gordon, The book Ian has mentioned lists British, and Commonwealth, medals and gives basic information on each one. These books are heavy and would probably be expensive to mail to your location. Here is a link to a site that sells the annual year book as well as other books on medals. Regards, Gordon https://www.amazon.co.uk/Medal-Yearbook-2019-John-Mussell/dp/1908828439
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