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Dave Danner

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  1. For some reason, the rank lists that include this medal fail to distinguish between the two. Bavarian rank lists do, but they use icons (a J in a circle for the Jubiläumsmedaille and a PL in a circle for the Prinzregent Luitpold-Medaille). However, I have noticed that the Bavarian Kriegsranglisten and Kriesstammrollen on Ancestry often use "PRLM" when it should be the Jubilee Medal.
  2. The line below the EK2 refers to it as well: "Regimentsbefehl Landwehr-Feldartillerie-Regiment Nr. 15" "E.V.K. a. Bd. T.M. am 31.8.17" appears to be the Eisernes Verdienstkreuz am Bande der Tapferkeitsmedaille from Austria-Hungary.
  3. Gerhard Martin Jordan (1871-1945). From 1909 to 1945, he was the Domänenpächter of the Fürstlich Schwarzburgischen Domäne Griesheim. He was a Hauptmann der Landwehr-Feldartillerie 1. Aufgebot, and was given the Charakter of Major der Landwehr a.D. when he was retired on 9 December 1919. He received the Fürstlich Schwarzburgisches Ehrenkreuz on 9 December 1914 as commander of the 5. Artillerie-Munitions-Kolonne of the XI. Armeekorps. He received the k.u.k. Österreich-Ungarisches Militärverdienstkreuz 3. Klasse mit der Kriegsdekoration 3. Klasse while serving with Staffelstab 135. He also had the Landwehr-Dienstauszeichnung 1. Klasse. https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Schloss_Griesheim https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Griesheim_(Stadtilm)
  4. Other than Bavaria, the only official publications during the war were seniority lists for active officers. Bavaria published a Militär-Handbuch in 1916. Promotions in general were published in the Militär-Wochenblatt and similar publications for Bavaria, Saxony and Württemberg.
  5. Also, the 1908 and 1911 rank lists for reserve and Landwehr officers give Roeßler's civilian information as being a Kaufmann living at Altonaerstraße Nr. 27. According to the Berlin address books, the Kaufmann living at this address was named Bernhard.
  6. According to the 1913-14 Adreßbuch for Zeithain, the Hilfslehrer there was Kurt Fischer, not "H.", so maybe a typo in the newspaper. There were several Saxon Lts.d.R. Kurt Fischer, including one aviator in Fliegerabteilung A 235.
  7. The Roeßler who was a reserve officer in DR 13 had transitioned to the Landwehr by 1914. He is in the 1914 rank list as an Oberleutnant der Landwehr-Kavallerie 2. Aufgebot in Landwehrbezirk V Berlin. He was promoted to Rittmeister der Landwehr on 24.12.1914, and was serving at the time with the Munitions-Kolonnen und Trains of the III. Reserve-Korps.
  8. The family originated in the western Harz region, around Osterode and Goslar, so closer to Hannover and Braunschweig than Anhalt. Karl was the son of Wilhelm v. Reck (1834-1901), a Bavarian Gendarmerie-Oberstleutnant. Wilhelm was the son of Karl (1801-1868), a Bavarian Oberst. Karl was the son of Johann Jakob Christian (1755-1813), a Bavarian Oberapellengerichts-Registrator. JJC was the son of Johann Gustav (1703-1786), a British and Braunschweig-Lüneburg Legationsrat in Regensburg. Johann Gustav was the son of Johann (1662-1736), a Hannoverian Gesandter in Regensburg. This was the connection between Hannover/Braunschweig and Bavaria. The Bavarian branch was also the source of the baronial line of Freiherrn v. Reck in Baden. A separate Hannoverian line remained around Hannover, Hameln and later Alfeld an der Leine. No other Reck from any of these branches received the Friedrichkreuz, so it was not a family connection there. According to the Anhalt Court and State Handbook, Reck received the AB3a in 1906. According to the Bavarian Kriegsministerium's Verordnungsblatt, it was approved by the Prinzregent on 11.11.1906. Reck's RAO4 was approved on 14.12.1906. I would guess that Reck got the RAO4 and AB3a in 1906 as an ILR officer in Munich who probably was assigned to some sort of protocol duties. These duties often put an officer in a position to pick up various courtesy awards when dealing with visiting dignitaries. He was then nominated for the Friedrichkreuz during the war simply because he was already a recipient of the AB3a and not because of any additional wartime connection (there was only one other 20.bay.IR recipient of the Friedrichkreuz, a Hoboist-Sergeant).
  9. †23.6.1946 in Lindau in Bayern. He had no apparent connection, familial or otherwise, to Anhalt.
  10. I assume you are referring to the cross after the Iron Cross? It is the Prussian Verdienstkreuz für Kriegshilfe, which basically replaced the Iron Cross on the white/black ribbon for merit on the homefront. As a Prussian war decoration, it ranked ahead of peacetime decorations, even orders of knighthood, so it is in its proper place.
  11. A 1922 example. Note the differences and how signatures can change over time.
  12. It is Kühl, with the Umlaut. From 1938 to 16.07.1940, he was on the General Staff of the 4. Infanterie-Division. From 21.09.1940 with effect from 25.09.1940 to 01.09.1943 he was Oberquartiermeister of XXI.Armeekorps. From 17.12.1943 to 31.8.1944, he commanded Grenadier-Regiment 145. On 26.10.1944, he was tasked with the temporary leadership (m.d.stv.F.b.) of the 365.Infanterie-Division, on 10.12.1944 tasked with the leadership (md.F.b.) of the division, and finally on 01.03.1945 with his promotion to Generalmajor named commander of the division. Besides the Deutsches Kreuz in Silber, he was also named in the Ehrenblatt des deutschen Heeres on 20.07.1944. Here is an earlier example of his signature. It changed a little bit over 20 + years.
  13. It looks like "_auer" to me. Leopold Frhr. v. Hauer was already a Gen.d.Kav. by this point, and I don't see a "Gauer". There were a couple of Bauers - Gen.Maj. (11.11.14) Viktor Bauer v. Bauernthal and tit. Gen.Maj. Ludwig Bauer v. Markassek - but it does not really look like a "B" to me.
  14. He may have received it after the war. As I'm sure you are aware, Lippe had a tendency to predate awards to November 1918, often to the date of abdication or to exactly one week prior.
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