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    About GM1

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      Miniature medals from European countries (predominantly Belgium and Spain) from the 19th and 20th century. Anglo bóer war, WW1, Spanish Civil war, WW2

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    1. Medal of the National Academy for Dedication (Academie National de Devouement), a French non-profit organization. https://www.academiedudevouementnational.org/presentation.html Best regards, GM1
    2. Nice Franco era examples! GM1
    3. A wonderful Antwerp-based jewel! Thanks for sharing! GM1
    4. A set of miniatures of the Order of Leopold (Commander) and the Legion of Honor (Officer). The Belgian orders with gold stripe(s) on ribbon were instituted following a Royal Decree dated 24 June 1919, which stipulated a number of alterations with which to reward civilians for their services during the World War: if awarded for an act of exceptional bravery and the recipient was mentioned in the nation's Order of the Day for it, the ribbon was to have gold thread edges and a gold star. If for an act of bravery of a lesser degree which didn't warrant the Order of the Day mention, the gold star was omitted from the ribbon but the gold stripes remained. If for distinguished services during the hostilities, a central gold thread stripe was woven into the ribbon (bearing a gold star if mentioned in the Order of the Day of the Nation). If for highly distinguished services in war welfare work, a silver star was worn on the central stripe. In 1946 a decree was issued to make these distinctions also available for similar acts or services during WWII. (source: Hendrik’s Medal Corner) The Order of Leopold has gem stones, and is manufactured in platinum and gold, as can be seen, with the finest jewelry quality. Don’t know if it is related to WW1 or WW2 and if the recipient could be identified some how. Best regards GM1
    5. Weight is 42,6 grams, Dimensions are 56,55 x 94,70 mm (including the suspension ring which is fixed to the crown. The only mark that could be something is the one indicated on the photo. Best regards GM1
    6. A Buls marked golden Commander grade of the Order of Leopold. Despite the small chips and the damage on the reverse of the crown still a beautiful exemplar. Best regards GM1
    7. The last medal on the uniform of the picture is the National Committee Medal for the Relief of Belgium, which was a civil organization in charge of helping the starving Belgians during WW1. So this make no sense being a full time militar. However a stunning group you have there! Cheers GM1
    8. The Civil Order of Beneficence was a Spanish civil distinction that was intended to reward actions or services considered extraordinary carried out in the course of public calamities, it was created on May 17, 1856, during the reign of Isabel II. It was replaced by the Civil Order of Social Solidarity on April 17, 1989. White Distinction: They reward services considered extraordinary Miniature cross in gold. GM1
    9. A miniature Grand Cross of The Royal and Military Order of Saint Hermenegild, attributed to Lieutenant General Fernando Rodrigo Cifuentes, among other employments the military governor in Ceuta in 1967. He was awarded this grand cross being Brigadier General in 1963 and was promoted to Lieutenant General in 1969. The inscription on the reverse states: “To Lieutenant General Rodrigo C. The Military Government of Ceuta”. Best regards GM1
    10. Thanks @JohanH! So: CBE is 1917-1935 type Saint Olav is 1905-1937 type.
    11. I have some miniature bars in my collection I would try to identify, however, until now without luck. Going through the London Gazette I haven't been able to narrow down the search. This one comes in a box of Spink & Son: CBE civil division type I Commander Order of the Italian Crown Commander Order of the Crown (Belgium) Official Legion of Honor (France) Official Order of Saint Olav (Norway) Any hints or clues are more than welcome. Best regards, GM1
    12. Hallmarks on the Franz Joseph Order: VM = Victor Mayer? Dog with A6? Silver/Vienna? Best regards GM1
    13. Aother one in my collection: - Service Cross 1st Class for 25 years (Dienst-Ehrenzeichen 1. Klasse für 25 Jahre) - Württemberg - Order of the Red Eagle 3rd Class (Roter Adler Orden 3.Klasse) - Prussia - Royal Order of the Crown 3rd Class (Königlicher Kronen-Orden Kreuz 3.Klasse) - Prussia - Emperor William I. Commemorative Medal 1897 (Kaiser Wilhelm I. Erinnerungsmedaille 1897) - German Empire - China commemorative medal for non-combatants 1901 (China Denkmünze für Nichtkämpfer 1901) - German Empire - Order of Saint Stanislaus (Sankt-Stanislaus-Orden) - Russia - Order of the Sword (Schwertorden) - Sweden - Franz Joseph Order (Franz-Joseph-Orden) - Astrian-Hungarian Empire Attributed to Karl von Kinzelbach (1860–1919), Württemberg Lieutenant General. Beautiful manufacturing of the chain and the needle
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