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The Endley Collection : Part 1 : The Sudan and Iraq


sabrigade
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I will be posting in four parts starting with the Sudan and Iraq where I have worked during the past 5 years. Each part of the collection is housed and maintained in a different room in my house. I have been collecting militaria for more than 30 years now.This is the entrance to the television room in which this part of my collection is housed. The room is named after my late father.

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This portrays most of the medals that I have acquired here in the Sudan. It includes two gordon star's for the siege of Khartoum. There are also examples of the coins that were struck by the Mahdi in Omdurman before his death. The two table knives have Victorian markings on them.

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This corner display contains a suit of armour that was used by Sudanese forces at the battle of Omdurman. I purchased it from the owner's grandson in Khartoum. He carries a dhahl shield which is from Indian origin. The saddle is typical of the type used by Sudanese cavalry of the period. The tortoise shell configuration was designed to be used as a shield and contained the main kaskara sword as well as the daggers. The Martini carbine is de-activated and is a firearm that was used during the period of the re-conquest of the Sudan. Various spear heads and a battle-axe can also be seen. The jibbah he is wearing is the padded variety and was made for me by a tailor in Omdurman.

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I am in the process of completing the ORBAT for the British/Egyptian Forces that fought at the battle of Omdurman in badges. The Queen's Sudan medal pair is to a private in the Lincolnshire Regiment who fought at Omdurman and also at Atbara.

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The two mannequins depict two Sudanese warriors with their equipment and accessories as was used by Sudanese forces during the time of both the Mahdi and Khallifa. The figure on the left carries a trombash or throwing stick while his main weapon remains his kaskara sword. He has improvised leather armour around his middle. This is the so-called Dervish as portrayed by Kipling. The figure on the right is a leader or emir. He carries a water bottle and is armed with a sword and shorter length barbed spear. The dagger combination is very interestingly part of a combination where a young crocodile was used as a scabbard. Both wear hejabs, these contained messages from the Khoran. The warrior on the left wears his as a belt and the emir uses his a necklace. They are wearing jibbahs which became the "uniform" of the Mahdi army. The jibbah on the right is very ornate and depicts the status of the emir. These jibbahs were made for me by a tailor in Omdurman who still does his work on old machines and with skills that were passed on through the generations.

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This mannequin depicts a female warrior of the time. It has been stated that women and children often joined battle as well. She carries a shield with the words " God is great' painted on it. The clothes and helmet she is wearing are original. Her sword or Kaskara is bound with silver and is a very ornate example. On her right hand side is a camel saddle that has seen a lot of use.

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In the background of the two warriors, variations of shields, swords, daggers and throwing sticks can be seen. Even though these weapons were primitive or basic, the wounds that were caused by them were horrendous.

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Another view of the various kaskara swords. I am no expert on these swords but have learnt that the blades were imported from Europe and the hilts and scabbards manufactured locally in Omdurman. A set of chains can also be seen that were used to shackle prisoners. Some of the swords have very ornate inscriptions on the blades and the handles are manufactured from leather or animal hides such as crocodile skin.

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Many foreign weapons were captured by the Sudanese forces on battlefields where they defeated their enemies. The sword hanging close to the light is of European origin but I have not been able to positively identify it. The sword below it is a battlefield pickup from Omdurman.

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