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Glenn J

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About Glenn J

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    Imperial Research Host

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  1. Charles, maybe I was unclear; per regulations the 1910 tunic for Flügeladjutants should NOT have breast pockets. However, I should not imagine anyone lost any sleep about such a transgression! Regards Glenn
  2. Hi Charles, that is an M15 Bluse. The field grey Waffenrock for Flügeladjutanten did not necessarily have breast pockets; in fact as per regulations did not have them. Regards Glenn
  3. Charles, Freiherr von Leonrod was listed as an "Offizier à la suite der Armee" with the uniform of a Flügel-Adjutant. He was a senior official at the court of the Bavarian King. His final rank was that of an Oberst (11.10.14). He was appointed as a Flügeladjutant to King Ludwig on 23 December 1912, having previously been the then Prince Ludwig's personal adjutant. He retired from active service on 12 June 1913 and was appointed à la suite der Armee with his previous uniform. Regards Glenn
  4. Charles, Most likely. Graf Castell-Castell was promoted to Generalmajor on 28 May 1918, Patent of 28.5.18 (4) but was not elevated to an appointment as General à la suite or General-Adjutant and retired still in the appointment of a Flügel-Adjutant with Major-General's rank on 28 December 1918. I am not aware of any other individuals in that rank serving as Flügeladjutanten at this period. Regards Glenn
  5. Matty, it is a pre-war photograph of Konrad Graf Finck von Finckenstein, commanding the Garde-Jäger-Bataillon. The award above the Johanniter is the 1906 Kaiser's Erinnerungszeichen zur silbernen Hochzeit (silver wedding jubilee badge). Regards Glenn
  6. Hi Laurentius, Oberst a.D. Karl v. Winterberger, formerly of IR 94, IR 59 and lastly the Landwehrbezirkskommandeur in Weilburg. Awarded the GSF2 in 1888. Regards Glenn
  7. Hi Matty, the Bavarian is LAPO Oberstleutnant Alfred Wanka. And yes, that is Major Kay/Kai Meyn. Regards Glenn
  8. Hi Laurentius, this from the Offizier-Stammliste of Grenadier-Regiment Nr. 5. He was actually born in 1836. The date of death shown here is wrong; he died on 24 March 1907. He was awarded the RAO4X for Trautenau during the Austro-Prussian War. Regards Glenn
  9. Chris, well officially, Offizier-Aspiranten should not wear an officers’ helmet. They usually held the rank of Vizefeldwebel /Vizewachmeister d.R. As such they would usually wear an issue helmet with the officer pattern cockade. Of course, during wartime, I am sure that some guys would have “upgraded” their helmets contrary to regulations. Regards Glenn
  10. I should think Oberst Ernst Streit. Infanterie-Regiment Nr. 83 in 1914 and a former officer in the Ostasiatisches Detachement. Awarded the CDIII1 around 1910. Listed as an Oberstleutnant (E) in 1939 with a Patent of 4.11.20. Regards Glenn
  11. Claudio, he does not appear in the officer/official lists of either the k.u.k. Army or k.k. Kandwehr. I am assuming he is a Landsturm military official. That does seem to be a rank "Rosette" on the collar as worn by officials as opposed to a star worn by officers. Regards Glenn
  12. Does he have a name? Regards Glenn
  13. A subject now firmly on my radar! Here is a photograph I took at the tomb of Kaiser Wilhelm I in Charlottenburg in 2013. As can be seen, the old Emperor never "upgraded" himself from Generaloberst der Infanterie (mit dem Range eines General-Feldmarschalls). Regards Glenn
  14. GD, I have been researching the Prussian army for many years and as Andy rightly said, there sometimes are not the answers in black and white that we desire. However, I will offer an opinion. The first two promotions of the the Prince of Prussia and Prince Carl were "one offs", that is promotions of two individuals who were Hohenzollern princes and therefore according to past practice were not promoted to actual GFM rank but accorded the dignity and seniority as such with a different title; Generaloberst and General-Feldzeugmeister respectively. Following King Wilhelm's accession to the throne and the successful course of the Franco-German war, he changed the practice used hitherto and promoted two Hohenzollern princes (both army commanders) to the rank of GFM. It will be seen that all the other wartime and immediate post war promotions to GFM were of former army commanders, the chief of staff and the war minister: Moltke, Roon, Manteuffel, Herwarth (1866) and Steinmetz. With the the creation of army inspectorates following the creation of the German Empire, promotions of senior generals to these posts at a time when the nation was no longer at war allowed for the promotion to Generaloberst but still ranking as a GFM. Additionally, the corps commander of the Guards Corps, Prince August was so promoted. As time went on, the fine distinctions were blurred and as Andy alludes, Kaiser Wilhelm was probably more generous with his promotion policy (as indeed he was with his awards policy) and this accounts for Haeseler, Bock und Polack and Goltz's peacetime promotions to GFM. Certainly until 1900 one can consider the holders of the ranks of Generalfeldmarschall, Generaloberst der Infanterie, Generaloberst der Kavallerie and General-Feldzeugmeister as holding the rank of a Field Marshal and they were consequently listed together in order of seniority in the army list. Promotion policy and politics is a difficult minefield to navigate in the Prussian army and this is exacerbated by the wartime destruction of pretty much all the original primary documentation. Nothing is clear cut; we have a peacetime corps commander - Graf Haeseler as a GFM and wartime army group commanders such as von Below and von Gallwitz as a General der Infanterie and Artillerie respectively! Regards Glenn
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