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Everything posted by 922F

  1. How does Roberts' receipt of a retirement Legion of Merit to correlate with regulatory description of insignia available to U.S. military personnel? Have the regulations changed? After reviewing all 5 images of Roberts' retirement ceremony that Dave provided above, it certainly seems that Maj. Gen. Kenneth S. Dowd actually pinned a Chief Commander insignia on Roberts! Especially note image 4 at [https://www.dvidshub.net/image/585362/medal-honor-recipient-retires-after-44-years-service] with Dowd standing beside Roberts after the ceremony. If accurate, were did the insignia come fro
  2. Possibly these groups were assembled before institution of Hindenberg Cross in 1934. Yes, Ferdinand abdicated in October 1918. Unclear exactly when issuance of medals with Boris' portrait began. Perhaps these are 'late awards' or what came to hand. If the first group Bulgarian Order of Merit is gold [silver-gilt] rather than bronze, the group makes little sense. This opinion due to gold Order of Merit's extremely limited distribution. It might be swapped out for a Military Merit Order 5th class, with or without crown. Seems to be an impression resembling a suspension crown
  3. I question Roberts' wear of Chief Commander grade insignia because, according to regulations, U.S. personnel may be granted only insignia equivalent to Legionnaire badges without any reference to award degree. See: https://www.govinfo.gov/content/pkg/CFR-2008-title32-vol3/xml/CFR-2008-title32-vol3-sec578-13.xml A few awards of Officer rank were made to U.S. officers in error early in the North African campaign but none following that "administrative error". The perhaps 60 U.S. officers so decorated were allowed to keep the decoration.
  4. MOH minis, of varying quality, seem to be private purchase. At least Gemsco and BB&B [Gemsco marks on pinback plate, BB&B on the medal reverse] and unmarked minis exist. MOH ribbon should be placed to right of [of wearer's] other award ribbons with exception of above all others if no row of 3. Why does Roberts [image 2 above] wear Chief Commander degree, Legion of Merit?
  5. Certainly U.S. military personnel may be decorated by foreign governments including the UK & SA. Any number of U.S. military personnel received [honorary] UK awards over the years; a very few got them from SA. Specific regulations govern acceptance procedures. For official military related regulations see: https://www.esd.whs.mil/Portals/54/Documents/DD/issuances/dodi/134833p.pdf?ver=2019-06-20-104911-377 Section 10. wiki has https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Authorized_foreign_decorations_of_the_United_States_military This list appears to be incomplete. 5 U.S.
  6. This cross usually identified as the ORDER OF HONOR & MERIT OF THE NATIONAL {CUBAN} RED CROSS. Based on suspension wreath & center medallions, this one looks to be French made--with variant [incorrect] inscription. These exist with the date 1909 in the obverse motto ring & other subtle die differences as well, especially in renditions of the Cuban arms. Firms from Vienna to Paris, Brussels to Lisbon, Madrid to Havana, and Berlin to Rome manufactured this award--not surprizingly many design types exist. Some include the badge superimposed on a gilt metal star!
  7. Commander grade most likely [if there's a star with it then First Class Commander]...send image of hall marks as these may help determine period. Probably inter World Wars issue.
  8. An ephemeral or self-styled group calling itself the Knightly Ecumenical Order of the Crown of Crete based in Italy used similar insignia as late as the early 1980's, and maybe beyond. This organization split from the 'original' Order of the Crown of Crete [headquarters in Greece] perhaps in the late 1970's. A late 1970's OMRS Journal piece & Gayre's Knightly Twilight describe the 'original' organization. This item looks to be of Italian manufacture and of higher quality than Order of the Crown of Crete insignia. A Belgian group used comparable style stars at about the same ti
  9. Excellent development of this obscure but highly fascinating topic! Thanks to all participants!
  10. Possibly, variants distinguishing between republic and kingdom usages.
  11. Daniel's find bringing this topic back to life caused me to look at this thread for the first time. I wrote the 1976 "Medal Collector" article referenced above [Ulsterman's January 30, 2008 post]. I confirm that not only were facts scarce when I wrote the piece but that 'official Hungarian sources' actively ignored/discouraged my inquiries. From the above discussions, it appears that I saw a cast base metal 'copy' medal; not a silver original. The original material submitted for publication was edited a bit for the article; don't recall [other than dropping the Spanish colors stripe f
  12. A fascinating thread! Is the fiver aluminum? Years ago someone reported that wound medals marked 1918 or '18 indicated post-war issue--cannot now locate that reference. Could initials indicate manufacturers? Recently saw an 'extremely rare' aluminum one [twoer] offered at $250...which seems an extreme price to me. Or is that now the going rate?
  13. EXCELLENT!! Sincere congrats!! Saw only one before [unissued in brown card box with same style title as case] in a private collection, Sofia 1980 & sure it 'escaped' from a central holding depot.
  14. BEWARE -- Fakes, some of excellent quality from the 1970's, abound especially of merit medals and Honor Crosses
  15. Regret that I replied hurriedly so confused Grand Officer with Commander. Both Grand Cross & Grand Officer have gilt star and Commander silver body star. As he wears neither sash nor neck badge and without sense of star body color cannot verify class. Current regulations at http://www.ordens.presidencia.pt/?idc=180.
  16. Grand Cross has a gold star body and Grand Officer a silver star body-- cannot determine color for this one.
  17. Possibly -- cannot determine whether motto ring enamel or not. Is the center is a cross?
  18. No, sorry. A horizontal element in the center with enamel motto ring surround?
  19. Stamp on pin reverse hinge seems akin to that of another another such 'slim text' star at same vendor. I must check but really do not recall seeing 'slim text' version before about 2000.
  20. You are welcome....forgot to mention that the silver cross sometimes is identified as the first class and a bronze edition of this award--so-called second class--exists supposedly designated for enlisted men and lower rank civilians.
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