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    Imperial German, Austro-Hungarian and late 19th/early 20th century British armies

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  1. Pre-WW1 Grand Maneuvers - Foreign Representatives

    Thank you for another wonderfully well researched series of posts, Paja. The narrative which accompanies the group photo in your first post refers to the automobile accident which involved von Winterfeld. Here is what the US military attache, T. Bentley Mott (the subject of this thread here), had to say about it, "Major von Winterfeldt had a bad motor accident at the manœuvres of 1910, nearly losing his life. The French authorities sent one of their best surgeons to operate on him, they surrounded him with every care and attention, they gave him the Legion of Honour and after long months he got well." Mott, Col. Thomas Bentley. Twenty Years as Military Attaché (Kindle Locations 1827-1829). Arcole Publishing. Kindle Edition. Incidentally, the marksrussianmilitaryhistory web page, which you posted a link to in your first post, erroneously states that von Winterfeld lost his life in this accident, perhaps as a result of a mistranslation from the French.
  2. His KCB was gazetted on 22 June 1909 (6th entry down from the top left): https://www.thegazette.co.uk/London/issue/28263/supplement/4854/data.htm
  3. I imagine that the military attaches were particularly keen to attend these manoeuvres. As reported by The New York Times (9 Sept, 1907, p. 3), "[t]here is a special interest in the manoeuvres this year owing to the fact that the automobile will be used as a means of transport extensively for the first time".
  4. Thanks, Bayern. I rather think I should have known that This and #4: wonderful posts, Paja. Thanks.
  5. Here are the military attaches who attended the Grand Manoeuvres of the South-West in 1907, Can someone identify the nationality/uniform of the officer wearing the hat with turned-up brims in this detail from the group photo, please? My first thought was German and Schutztruppe but the hat is not quite right, is it?
  6. Pre-WW1: US military attaché to Paris Embassy

    You could well be right (left hand image flipped to help the comparison)!
  7. Pre-WW1: Saumur - Officiers Etrangers

    I think that Pershing provides us with another ID, that of the US officer in the postcard Paja uploaded in post #9. Apart from Guignard, Pershing named two other US officers who attended Saumur: Guy Vernor Henry, Jr (see Wikipedia page, here) and 'W. C.' Short. The photo in the Wikipedia page discounts Henry. However, Pershing's W. C. Short is, I believe, this W. C. Short, who was to go on to lead the US equestion team at the Antwerp Olympics in 1920 (the moustache being the giveaway!), Source: http://eventingnation.com/weird-but-true-olympic-eventing-history-antwerp-1920/ If that is the case, it dates the image to the time of Pershing's visit, 1909.
  8. Pre-WW1: Saumur - Officiers Etrangers

    Pershing's description of his visit to Saumur gives a major clue as to the identity of the US officer shown in the first image in this thread. Later in his memoire (p. 522) he gives a potted biography of William Guignard, the military attache at Paris who arranged his trip, Source: John J. Pershing, My Life before the World War, 1860-1917, p. 522. Google books Here we see that Guignard, an artillery officer, was at Saumur from 1903 to 1904. The officer in the photograph has, of course, crossed cannons on his sleeve and is thus an artilleryman. The identity is confirmed as being Guignard by the photo in his diplomatic passport, which was sold in September 2013 at auction by the Rock Island Auction Company, where the resemblance - in the jaw line, particularly - is undeniable (in my eyes), Source: http://www.icollector.com/Tower-Pattern-1856-Percussion-Cavalry-Carbine-with-History_i17061659 This evidence, of course, also dates the photo to the period 1903-4.
  9. Pre-WW1: Saumur - Officiers Etrangers

    Peter Your understanding as it concerns US officers is confirmed by an impeccable source: Black Jack Pershing. In his memoire, he describes a visit to Saumur in the early Spring of 1909, Source: John J. Pershing, My Life before the World War, 1860-1917, p. 267. Google books
  10. Pre-WW1: US military attaché to Paris Embassy

    Here is a rather better image of the Military Attachés of 1902. Von Hugo dominates the centre of the group, our friend Mott is, as always, striking a jaunty pose (middle row, right), and the Serbian officer can be seen rather more clearly than in the previous image (fourth from the right). The Chilean officer (bottom row, right) has a beard to envy - although it looks like the kind you take off before you go to bed, to my eyes
  11. Pre-WW1: US military attaché to Paris Embassy

    The tall German in the Ulan czapka in post #27 is Major von Hugo, appointed in February, 1901 and in post until 1905. Mott suspected that, rather than for his intelligence, the Kaiser, "picked him out because he was nearly seven feet tall. ... when he appeared at ceremonies with his uhlan helmet and his vast yellow breast-piece, he dominated the crowd like an Eiffel Tower. William II liked that sort of thing." * It is fair to say that he does stand out all the photos I have seen him in, so maybe the Kaiser had a point! *T Bentley Mott, Twenty Years as Military Attaché (Oxford University Press: New York, 1937)
  12. Pre-WW1: US military attaché to Paris Embassy

    Thanks for posting the photo and list, Paja. Interesting that Mott was still in his Blues in 1901; this would have been one of the last times he wore it officially. As he states in his memoires, "Two years later [i.e. two years after his arrival in Paris in 1900] I was designated to attend the manœuvres in England—the first the British army had ever undertaken on a big scale. ... I was dressed in our newly-adopted ‘olive-drab’ uniform (our Q.M. Department was afraid to call it khaki; that would have sounded too English) and I wore our regulation campaign hat." [T Bentley Mott, Twenty Years as Military Attaché (Oxford University Press: New York, 1937)] This change in uniform is confirmed by a photo from the following year's manoeuvres: Source: https://archive.org/stream/scribnersmagazin34newy#page/294/mode/1up
  13. Pre-WW1: US military attaché to Paris Embassy

    As thread starter, thank you - as ever on GMIC, it's a great team effort.
  14. Pre-WW1: US military attaché to Paris Embassy

    What a great contribution to the thread, Paja. May I ask where this comes from and is it the same publication you used to produce the names for the 1912 manoeuvres in the other thread?
  15. Pre-WW1: US military attaché to Paris Embassy

    Bayern Thank you for your astute observation about the geopolitical problems of having officers from so many nations, some of whom shared an antipathy - which, as in the case of Japan and Russia, might well be out in the open. You may know that at the end of each day of the Grandes Manoeuvres, the French military authorities laid on lavish dinners for the military attaches. I would imagine that preparing the table plan was a diplomatic nightmare for the reasons you state!