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About Trooper_D

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    Imperial German, Austro-Hungarian and late 19th/early 20th century British armies

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  1. More here from Burke's A genealogical and heraldic history of the landed gentry of Great Britain & Ireland (1906) I suspect that he volunteered to serve with Garibaldi, as suggested by the reference you found, ilja559. In any event, the 1911 UK census shows that his son John was born in Sorrento in 1866.
  2. It probably is. There seems to be some variation in what he called himself: sometimes James, sometimes Jonas - and then not always as his first name. More here, http://www.thepeerage.com/p38093.htm#i380923
  3. What a fascinating page! Thanks for posting the link, Paolo.
  4. ... and it's stories like this which, for me, make GMIC a 'must read'! Thanks Lars.
  5. And here is a photo of the Knight 2nd Class from our favourite Internet-based purveyor of medals in the Great White North. It's expensive! (The First Class has a crown above the badge.) ETA: Someone else who got a Second Class in April 1891 was another Bavarian, Wilhelm Frieherr von Leonrod (his award letter was sold - not to me - on 14 March of this year, lot 1046, by Hermann Historica).
  6. My guess is that this was worn by a member of a Marching Band in Sicily, of the type that is seen in Easter parades in Palermo and elsewhere. Many of them wear quasi military uniforms. Google >palermo "Corpo Bandistico"< and you will see many photographs of such bands.
  7. Thank you for this, Bayern. Your suggestion makes good sense. What a shame that Prince Lajos wasn't more specific - there is a time and a place for princely discretion but this was not it, perhaps
  8. Very interesting, Bayern. Could you give a very short explanation as to why this was the case, please?
  9. Your supposition seems right, Paul. He was awarded his Navy Cross (and promotion to Rear Admiral) for his flight to the South Pole on November 28, 1929. So, if a Black Widow was sold at Sotheby's in Byrd's name, it can only have been a replacement (or duplicate). Post #4 at the link below, purports to show Byrd's medals (including the Tiffany gold MoH) at the November 10th 1988 sale. It certainly is a very dark colour! http://www.usmilitariaforum.com/forums/index.php?/topic/263472-important-military-estate-auctions/
  10. In fairness to Muckaroon1960, the US Navy Naval History and Heritage Command state on their Navy Cross webpage that "The Navy Cross was established by an act of Congress (Public Law 253) on 4 February 1919" and, further down on the page (as a caption to a photo of one), "One variation picked up the informal nickname "Black Widow" and was in use about 1941-1942, in which the medal itself and its wrap broach were over-anodized for a very dark, gunmetal finish." Is it possible that Messrs Hawkes and Harris were wrong, I wonder? Link: https://www.history.navy.mil/browse-by-topic/heritage/awards/decorations/navy-cross2.html
  11. Thank you for posting this, GrayC. It is always a delight to see a Fritz Schönpflug cartoon/caricature - and this is a new one to me. For anyone who is not already familiar with his work, he was always amusing in the way he showed up German and Austrian military foibles as well as being pretty much 'spot on' with uniform detail. A search of Google Images using his name will be well rewarded!
  12. Interesting that Jaba1914's is not the exact same cross as shown in the black and white photo posted by Utgardloki.
  13. I think this might be Sergeant Driver rather than Sergeant Doctor, Stew.
  14. It transpires that the US Library of Congress has a copy of this photo in their collection, the details of which suggest (not necessarily correctly) that it was taken between 1915 and 1920. Here is the link, https://www.loc.gov/pictures/item/2014707821/ The tiff photo which can be downloaded from this link is of a higher definition than we have seen before. I don't think that they add a great deal to the investigation but I am posting below two extracts from the original which are of a better quality than the enlargement I originally posted. [for some reason, I can't delete the double posted image ]
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