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Gentleman's Military Interest Club
ilieff

Interesting photographs of decorated people

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One thing is for sure -It is very interesting display.

We can make our interpretations, however only the Shipkoff &Co Firm archives will have the correct answers

The ribbons ( the black and white picture does not help us) could be some indications, however not always. I have seen Orders and decorations with "adapted" ribbons For example i have a French made Bulgarian Order of St Alexander with very unusual crown and came with a Legion of Honour style ribbon

 

Here is an interesting photo i found on internet

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Nikola Pašić wearing the Order of Civil Merit 1st class with badge around his neck.
5a9423c83fb80_.jpg.c22727392d30cb6488463b7cca7c600d.jpg

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Highly decorated Soviet Admiral Holostyakov, wearing two Bulgarian transitional Republican period awards:

1. Order of Military Merit 2nd class with war distinction (cross on the left and star on the right side),

2. Order of Military Merit 3rd class (cross on the left side). 

Холостяков_Георгий_Никитич.jpg

Xolostyakov2.jpg

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The King in hussar uniform.

Note the Constantinian order of St. George with the 'Bulgarian' type of jewelled crown - something we discussed in another thread.

28577908_899422043553008_6989387744786616400_n.png

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22 hours ago, ilieff said:

The King in hussar uniform.

Note the Constantinian order of St. George with the 'Bulgarian' type of jewelled crown - something we discussed in another thread.

28577908_899422043553008_6989387744786616400_n.png

Hussar uniform he's wearing in this photo was recently for sale:

 

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Hi Ilieff,

 

Here is another Award with Bulgarian Crown

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Posted (edited)

Graf's collar image illustrates insignia of one of the ephemeral or, less kindly, often completely bogus organizations established to reward vanity for a price.  Such organizations may use funds obtained for genuine charities while others simply supply their ‘Prince Grand Master’s’ livelihood.  In this example we see a usual Constantinian Order cross embellished with a Bulgarian style suspension crown and a central eagle of the type used for the Albanian BESA Order star.   Collar elements repurpose Constantinian miniatures without even suggesting the Albanian eagle component!  Likely this collar was made in Italy from stock parts originating from other commissions.

Some well-known ‘international’ Orders besides the Order of Saint John seem to especially attract fraudsters or imitators including the Bourbon-Two Sicilies’ Sacred Military Constantinian Order of Saint George as this collar exemplifies.  One reason, I suspect, is the relative ease of assembling insignia that closely resembles the actual Order.   This physical resemblance may confuse potential candidates as well as reduce insignia manufacturing costs.  Web search reveals at least five different organizations using modified Constantinian Order insignia.  

Questionable organizations seem to have appropriated general Constantinian symbols or format since the 1880's with some persisting to present days.   Besides description in written material like Ordres et Contre-Ordres de Chevalerie by Arnaud Chaffanjon, Mercure de France, Paris 1982, Faux Chevaliers Vrais Gogos by Patrice Chairoff & Jean Cyrile Godefroy, Paris 1985 and The Knightly Twilight by Robert Gayre of Gayre, Lochore Enterprises, Valletta 1973, websites offer information on these organizations.

Variously identified as the Byzantine Order of Constantine the Great, the Orthodox Order of Constantine, The Occidental Orthodox Order of Constantine the Great, the Order of St. Constantine & St. George, the Imperial and Sovereign Order of St. Constantine the Great and other permutations, this ‘creature’ seems to mirror the many schisms and outright fakery associated with the Order of St. John and it’s mimics.

Among other design 'tweaks', insignia for this ‘Order’ and equivalents utilize a Bulgarian suspension crown as well as a Danilo model crown.  Other varieties use a generic [enamel lined or not] royal crown or a mural crown for suspensions while a few appear with a trophy of arms or a laurel/oak wreath suspension.   Whether these differing suspensions indicate differing 'Orders' or grades or subdivision within them or simply what the insignia manufacturer had on hand remains unknown to me. 

The Order of the Holy Cross of Jerusalem [badge image below] also known as the Melkite Order of the Cross, et al., exemplifies another Bulgarian crown hijacking example.    I do not have images handy but at a minimum insignia for the Orthodox Order of Varna and the Ecumenical Order of St. Basil also employ Bulgarian czarist crown suspensions. 

Order of the Holy Cross of Jerusalem.jpg

Edited by 922F
spelck

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Former member of the Bulgarian Voluntary corps G. Ivanov with an impressive display of awards.

ivanov.jpeg

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Very nice, thanks for sharing. Interesting to see Takovo III around his neck :)

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During the period of 1878-1885 many Bulgarians were presented with the Order of Takovo. I cannot quote any number, but it was large enough for the Ministry of War to issue official documents outlining who, how and when can wear their foreign awards, the Takovo order being one of the prime awards mentioned. 

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I visited National Military History Museum in Sofia around 5 years ago and I was quite surprised with the number of exhibited Serbian decorations, especially Takovo. There are probably more of them on display in Sofia than in Belgrade.

General Dragutin Franasović (Драгутин Франасовић), photo from the 1890s. We can see Bulgarian Order for Bravery 4th Class 2nd grade on his medal bar. I presume he was decorated for the actions during 1876-78 Wars even though the order was established in 1880.
5ac34ea85681e_.jpg.61138da8e4d37fbd6587097cded8b4ca.jpg

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